2 A good conclusion should: Remind the reader of the thesis statementAnswer the question “So what?”Give the essay a sense of completion and closureLeave the reader with a final, lasting impressionMake the reader happy to have read your paper
3 Types of Conclusions Simple Summary Frame or Circle Technique Panning the HorizonProposal or Call to ActionConcluding Story
4 Simple SummaryIf you choose this common type of conclusion, be sure to synthesize, rather than merely summarizing. Avoid a dull restatement of your major points. Don’t monotonously restate your major ideas; instead, show your readers how the points you raised fit together and why your ideas matter. Also, try to avoid the phrase, “and in conclusion.” This can insult the reader’s intelligence: After all, if you’ve organized your paper well, it will be obvious that you have begun your concluding remarks.
5 Frame or Circle Technique Here, a writer circles back to the beginning, returning to the metaphor, image, anecdote, quotation, or example he or she used in the introductory paragraph. Echoing the introduction gives essays a nice sense of unity and completion.
6 Panning the HorizonThis technique moves the reader from the specifics of a paper or essay to a larger, perhaps even universal, point. It redirects the readers, giving them something meaty to chew over. You can demonstrate the importance and broad significance of your topic by using an appropriate analogy, tying the topic to a larger philosophic or political issue, posing a challenging question, or encouraging the reader to look to the future.
7 Proposal or Call to Action Especially useful in a persuasive or argumentative essay, in this type of conclusion the writer makes a proposal and/or asks the readers to do something, calling them to action. It is frequently seen in sermons and political speeches.
8 Concluding StoryHere, the writer sums up the essay by sketching a scene or by telling a brief anecdote that illustrates the topic’s significance. Often, this approach makes an emotional connection with the reader.
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