Presentation on theme: "School Laboratory Chemical Hygiene & Safety Plan"— Presentation transcript:
1School Laboratory Chemical Hygiene & Safety Plan (CHSP)2014
2Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan(CHSP) REQUIREMENTS Requires to establish a written CHSP plan stating policies, procedures and responsibilities for ensuring the safety of the LAUSD educational community from adverse health and safety hazards associated with exposure to potentially hazardous chemicals and must be readily available to all staff members working with hazardous chemicals. This is to protect employees who work in laboratories from health hazards associated with hazardous chemicals.The plan is developed in accordance to California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 8, Section 5191,Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories, Appendix A - National Research Council , California Education Code Sections Title 8, CCR, Section 5194, Hazard Communication Standard
3Required CHSP Elements Develop and implement CHSP in school laboratoriesInform and train affected employees in:Hazard recognition and classificationStandard operating procedureHazard Controls-minimization and control of hazards by engineering and administrative controlProper labeling and disposal of hazardous materials and wastesRecordkeeping requirements of chemical inventories
4Chemical Hygiene & Safety Plan Organization Chart Principal/Site AdministratorChemical SafetyCoordinatorOffice ofEnvironmentalHealth and SafetyScience TeacherPlant Manager
5Responsibilities Principal/Site Administrator Ensure implementation of the Chemical Hygiene & Safety Plan in school laboratoriesAppoint a Chemical Safety Coordinator (CSC) from Certificated Staff to conduct employee training, establish laboratory safety protocol and hazardous materials managementMust be familiar with the Program requirements as specified in Reference Guide REF Chemical Safety CoordinatorsReview and approve all CSC submittals to Office of Environmental Health and Safety (OEHS) to ensure complianceChemical Safety Coordinators (CSCs)Attend two mandatory training meetings conducted by OEHS on the subject of chemical safetyConduct yearly inventory of chemical storage rooms and submit Annual Chemical Inventory List of hazardous substances at the school site to the OEHSPerform monthly inspections chemical/hazardous waste storage areas and arrange for removal of outdated chemicalsSubmit monthly checklist for safe handling and storage of chemicals to OEHSProvide training on the Hazard Communication Standard to all school staff, and on the Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan to Science Department Staff.Maintain Safety Data Sheets (SDS)Maintain required documents and training recordsAssist in responding to emergencies as detailed in Safe School Plan Volume 2-Emergency Procedures, for a release or threatened release of hazardous materials at or near a school
6Responsibilities (Cont.) Chemical Safety Coordinators (CSCs) and Science TeachersPlan and conduct each laboratory operation/activity in accordance with the District’s CHSPConduct regular chemical hygiene, safety and housekeeping inspections including routine inspections of emergency equipment (i.e. eyewash/shower stations), maintain inspection records/logs and instruct students in safe work practices and procedureOffice of Environmental Health and Safety (OEHS)Receives/compiles and reviews all the required documents for compliance with the District’s Reference GuideGenerate annual performance report and distribute to Chemical Safety Coordinators (CSCs) to each of the Education Service Centers as well as to School Operations Central office.Work with school principals, CSCs, and teachers to help implement the school chemical hygiene & safety plansProvide training to CSCs and staff as to the requirements listed in the Chemical Hygiene and Safety PlanProvide technical assistance to schools and employees on the CHSPMaintain a list of Chemical Safety Coordinators in schools and work with the CSCs to monitor procurement, usage, and disposal of chemicals used in the school laboratory programsRegulate the use of chemicals for general school laboratories
7Employee InformationThe goals of the District’s chemical hygiene and safety training program are to ensure that all individuals at risk are adequately informed of:The physical and health hazards associated with chemicals.The hazardous materials and waste present or generated in the laboratory.The proper procedures to minimize risk of exposure.The proper response to spills.All school staff whose assigned work locations include a laboratory area shall participate in an ongoing chemical hygiene and safety training program. This includes custodial and maintenance personnel.
8Employee TrainingThe scope of training an employee receives is determined by the scope of work assignment.Training for custodians would include procedures for performing necessary cleaning activities in the presence of laboratory chemicals.Training will be directed to classes or groups of hazardous chemicals, rather than to the specific characteristics of many individual chemicals.General content of the training and information program will include State Chemical Hygiene and Safety standards, including the contents of Section 5191 of the General Industry Safety Orders of Title 8, California Code of Regulations.Location and content of CHSPHazards of chemicals, PEL or other exposure limits, TLV, Lethal Dose(LD)50 and routes of entryLabeling and storage requirementsChemical evaluation and authorizationLocation and content of Safety Data Sheets for chemicals at the school site
9Employee Training (cont.) Location and proper use of available Personal Protective Equipment.Signs and symptoms associated with an exposure to hazardous chemicals associated with the laboratoryMethods to detect the presence or release of hazardous contaminants (e.g., air monitoring).Proper response and reporting procedures for chemical releases/spills and evacuation.The training program will be an ongoing process, consisting of an initial orientation for new employees and annually to the science staff thereafter. The Chemical Safety Coordinator will document and maintain records of the ongoing training received by employeesTo assist science teachers, administrators, and other school staff members understand and avoid situations in which accidents might occur, the State of California has prepared the Science Safety Handbook for California Public Schools (*.pdf) CSCs are encouraged to download and review the handbook.Science Safety Handbook updates can be viewed in its entirety online. The following are the updates to the 2012 Edition of the Science Safety Handbook:-Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)-Revisions to the proper occupant load factor for science labs (from 20 square feet to 50)-Addition of 2,4-Dinitrophenol to Tables 7.2 and 7.3
10Employee Training (cont.) Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals is a worldwide initiative to promote standard criteria for classifying chemicals according to their health, physical and environmental hazards. It uses pictograms, hazard statements, and the signal words “Danger” and “Warning” to communicate hazard information on product labels and safety data sheets in a logical and comprehensive way. The primary goal of GHS is better protection of human health and the environment by providing chemical users and handlers with enhanced and consistent information on chemical hazards.
11Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Safety Data Sheets (SDS) received for all laboratory chemicals should be kept in the Science Chemical Safety Data Sheets binder and be readily accessible to employees.SDS’s are available electronically on the OEHS website accessible through the LAUSD.net website.SDSs are required to be presented in a consistent 16-section format.Provide detailed health and safety information and precautions for handling, storing and transporting hazardous substances, including emergency and first aid procedures.
12Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Format and 16 Sections of the GHS SDSSection 1: Identification of the substance or mixture and of the supplier. Includes GHS product identifier, recommended use and restrictions on use, supplier’s details, and emergency phone number.Section 2: Hazards identification. Includes GHS classification, GHS label elements, and other hazards not resulting in classification or not covered by GHS.Section 3: Composition/information on ingredients. Includes information on chemical ingredients, such as chemical identity and concentrations.Section 4: First aid measures. Includes description of necessary measures, most important symptoms/effects, and indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed.Section 5: Firefighting measures. Includes suitable extinguishing techniques, specific hazards from fire, and special protective equipment and precautions for firefighters.Section 6: Accidental release measures. Includes precautions, protective equipment, emergency procedures, environmental precautions, and methods for containment and cleanup.Section 7: Handling and storage. Includes precautions for safe handling, and conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities.Section 8: Exposure controls/personal protection. Includes occupational exposure limits or biological exposure limits, appropriate engineering controls, and personal protective equipment (PPE).Section 9: Physical and chemical properties. Includes the chemical’s characteristics (appearance, odor, pH, flash point, vapor pressure, etc.).Section 10: Stability and reactivity. Includes reactivity, chemical stability, possible hazardous reactions, conditions to avoid, incompatible materials, and hazardous decomposition products.Section 11: Toxicological information. Includes routes of exposure, related symptoms, acute and chronic effects, and numerical measures of toxicity.Section 12: Ecological information. Includes ecotoxicity, persistence and degradability, bioaccumulative potential, mobility in soil, and other adverse effects.Section 13: Disposal considerations. Includes description of waste residues, and information on their safe handling and methods of disposal.Section 14: Transport information. Includes UN number, UN proper shipping name, transport hazard classes, packing group, environmental hazards, transport in bulk, and special precautions.Section 15: Regulatory information. Includes safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question.Section 16: Other information. Includes information on the preparation and revision of the SDS.
13Signs/DrawingsProminent signs/drawings must be clearly posted in all laboratories, andchemical preparation and chemical storage areas.Signs/drawings must clearly state the following: Exits and evacuation routesLocation of safety showers, eyewash stations, and other safety equipmentLocation of fire extinguishers/blankets and first aid kits.Proper identification of used chemical/waste disposal containersFloor plan drawings of the laboratoryLocation of equipment, workbenches and storage pattern for all chemicals stored in the room
14Hazard Recognition and Classification Physical Safety HazardsChemical Health HazardsChemical Classes and Their Effects
15Physical Safety Hazards Compressed gas – High pressure gas or mixture of gases in a containerCombustible liquid – Pure liquid with a Flash point above 100º F but below 200º FExplosive – A chemical that causes a sudden release of pressure,gas and heat when subjected to sudden shock, pressure or high temperatureFlammable liquid – Flash point below 100º FFlammable solid – Liable to cause fire through friction, absorption ofmoisture, or spontaneous changeFlammable Aerosol- Flame projection exceeding 18” at full valve opening or flashback at any degree of valve openingFlammable Gas- At ambient temperature and pressure forms a flammable mixture with air at a concentration of 13% by volume or less; or with air greater than 12% by volume regardless of the lower explosive limit
16Physical Safety Hazards (cont.) Oxidizer- A chemical that initiates or promotes combustion inother materialsReactive – A chemical that will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or will become self-reactive under conditions of shock, pressure or temperatureWater-reactive – A chemical that reacts with water to release a gas that is either flammable or presents a health hazardOrganic Peroxide- Extremely flammable and sensitive to heat, friction, impact and light as well as to strong oxidizing and reducing agents
17Chemical Health Hazards Carcinogen – A chemical that is capable of causing cancerCorrosive – A chemical that causes visible destruction of livingtissue by direct chemical action at the site of contactToxic – A substance with the potential of having the effect of apoison or something harmful to the bodyIrritant – A chemical that causes a reversible inflammatoryeffect on living tissue, skin or eyes by chemical actionat the site of contactSensitizer – A chemical that causes an allergic reaction in normaltissue after repeated exposure to the chemical
18Chemical Classes and Their Effects Acids – Corrosive to skin and mucous membranesAlcohols – Induces blindness and central nervous system (CNS)depressantsAldehydes and ketones – Irritates and has narcotic effects via inhalation, absorption and ingestionAliphatic – Central nervous system (CNS) depressants andasphyxiants. Some are neurotoxinsAlkalies – Severe tissue burns and bronchial spasmsAsphyxiants – Reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of the bloodor displaces atmospheric oxygenCompounds of sulfur, – Corrosive to the skin and destructive to respiratoryphosphorus, nitrogen tissuesHalogens – Corrosive and highly irritating to tissuesMetal fumes/vapors Systemic poisoning
19Routes of EntryThere are three main routes by which chemical substancescan enter the body:Inhalation by breathing dusts, fumes, mists or vaporsIngestion by eating or drinking with contaminated hands or in a contaminated laboratoryAbsorption through the skin or eye by contact with liquid, dusts, fumes, mists or vapors.
20DefinitionsPEL: Permissible Exposure Limit. The highest concentration of a chemical that an individual can be exposed to, averaged over the duration of an 8-hour work shift.TLV: Threshold Limit Value. The highest concentration of a chemical that an individual can be exposed to at any time during his/her work shift.LD50: A measure of toxicity involving the use of laboratory animals to determine the dose of a given chemical at which death will occur in half of the test population.PPE: Personal Protective Equipment. Examples include respirators and air purifying cartridges, gloves, chemical splash goggles, boots/shoe covers, and Tyvek coveralls.
21Standard Operating Procedures General safe work practicesFamiliarize with the potential hazards of various chemical substancesAvoid unnecessary exposure to chemicals by any routeIdentify unsafe conditions and actionThoroughly wash areas of exposed skin before leaving the laboratoryDo not eat, drink, smoke , chew gum, or apply of cosmetics in the laboratoryDo not keep food and drink in the laboratoryDo not use laboratory glassware or utensils for food or beveragesDo not allow practical jokesConfine long hair and loose clothingAvoid wearing open-toed shoesWear protective clothing and gogglesDo not work alone in the laboratoryNever leave an experiment unattendedDo not use mouth suction for piping or starting a siphonNever taste, smell or touch chemicals unless such action is approved by the instructor and conducted in the proper manner
22Standard Operating Procedures (CONT.) HousekeepingWork areas must be kept clean and free from obstructionsCleanup at the completion of any experimentDeposit waste in appropriate receptaclesCleanup minor spills. Immediately notify the instructor prior to initiating a cleanup procedure.Do not block access to exits, emergency equipment and controlsEquipment UseSafety equipment and supplies are available and functional according to manufacturer’s guidelinesUse equipment only for its designated purposeWhen inserting glass tubing observe and follow necessary precautionsGlass wool and steel wool must be handled carefully to avoid getting splinters in the skin or eyesTable tops must be protected from extreme heat by using non-asbestos insulation under burners or heated objects
23Standard Operating Procedures (CONT.) Safe Handling and Storage of ChemicalsAll chemicals must be properly, clearly labeled and inventoriedStore all chemical by compatibility. Keep incompatible chemicals separatedOnly chemicals that are used should be kept in storageSDS sheets must be available for all chemicalsReview the hazards and personal protective equipment required before using any chemical. Study the precautionary label, SDS and review its contents frequently before using any chemical product.Ensure neutralizing chemicals, spill kit, absorbent and other spill control materials are readily available.Secure compressed gas cylinders upright to the wall, with valve protection caps in place.Flammables must be stored in flammable storage cabinetAvoid storing chemicals on the floor , on top of lab benches, out in open, or in shelves above eye levelStorage in hoods is not recommendedChemicals must be stored in approved, properly labeled cabinets that can be locked when not being accessed for laboratory use and where chemicals are stored by compatibility.An ABC extinguisher in good working order must be available in chemical storage/working areas
24Standard Operating Procedures (CONT.) Warning Signs and LabelsSigns to identify the location of safety showers, eyewash stations, exits, fire blankets, and fire extinguishers. Extinguishers must be labeled to show the type of fire for which they are intended.Labels on chemical containers must contain information on the hazards associated with the use of the chemical, identity of the chemical, and name and address of the chemical manufacturer, importer or supplier.Unlabeled bottles of chemicals must not be opened or moved and disposed of promptly and will require special handling proceduresContact the OEHS immediately at (213) for safe disposal.
25Hazard ControlsMinimize all chemical exposures, general precautions for handling all laboratory chemicalsGeneral laboratory ventilationSafe work practicesEngineering controlsFume hoodsPersonal protective equipment -Use appropriate PPE such as aprons, laboratory coats, laboratory aprons, gloves, goggles, face shieldsAdministrative controlsLaboratory Storage-Use only those chemicals in quantities whose chemical concentrations can be controlled by the existing ventilation systemOrder should not exceed what is expected to be used in one yearFire protection and preventionAccident and Spill Responses
26Labeling and Disposal Waste Minimization Plan experiments to reduce scale of experiments and limit amount of chemicals usedPurchase chemicals only in the amounts neededUsed chemical container labelingLeftover reagents and reaction products should be placed in marked containers at the end of each laboratory session. Broken glass should be placed in its own marked container.Classify used chemicals into the following categories:Flammable Organic Acid Reactive Base Water Reactive ToxicAir Reactive Oxidizer Inorganic Acid Other
27Labeling and Disposal Workplace Labels OSHA has not changed the general requirements for workplace labeling.Labels must be legible and fade resistant or not easily removed in anyway.Employers have the option to create their own workplace labels.Employers are not responsible to update labels on shipped containers however, must re-label items if the labels are removed or defaced.Workplace labels can either provide all required information on the original chemical manufacturer’s label or, the product identifier and words, pictures, symbols or a combination of these.If the employer is aware of newly-identified hazards that are not disclosed on the label, the employer must ensure that the workers are informed.Employers may continue to use rating systems such as National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) diamonds or HMIS requirements for workplace labels as long as they are consistent with the requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard and the employees have immediate access to the specific hazard.
28Labeling and Disposal (CONT.) Containers shall be labeled with the following information:Used-chemical categoryName of chemical(s) in the containerApproximate percentage of each chemical (if mixed)Date preparedName of teacher or room numberChemical Waste DisposalAll hazardous waste containers must be properly labeled with name and address of school, composition and physical state of the waste, and accumulation date.It is unlawful to store hazardous wastes at school sites for longer than 90 to arrange for the pickup of hazardous materials and/or wastes.
29Labeling and Disposal (CONT.) Chemical Waste DisposalIf used chemicals become reclassified as hazardous waste, their containers willbe relabeled as such and segregated into the following classes for disposal(EPA categories):Ignitable: Materials capable of causing fire.Corrosive: Aqueous solutions with a pH less than or equal to 2 or greater than or equal to 12.5.Reactive: Substances that are unstable, explosive, water reactive, or generate toxic gases.Toxic: Substances that are harmful to human health such as arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, selenium, silver.Other waste not falling into one of the above classes should be identified by chemical names.
30Labeling and Disposal(cont.) Labels must be legible, in English, and prominently displayed. Other languages may be displayed in addition to English. Chemical manufacturers, importers, and distributors who become newly aware of any significant information regarding the hazards of a chemical must revise the label within six months. Each pictogram consists of a symbol on a white background framed within a red border and represents a distinct hazard(s). The pictogram on the label is determined by the chemical hazard classification.
31DisposalDisposal Procedures for Hazardous Waste and Universal Waste are outlined in REFUniversal wastes, such as fluorescent light tubes, batteries, and cathode ray tubes, are not allowed to be disposed of in regular trash effective February 8, At Schools Universal waste shall be collected in separate, properly sealed, DOT approved containers, each affixed with a “universal waste” label and stored in an area designated by the Plant Manager.To request disposal of universal waste from school sites, complete the Hazardous Waste Pick-up Request form and it to OEHS by clicking on the button labeled “Submit by .” If you do not have access to an LAUSD account, you may fax a copy of the old request form to OEHS at (213)
32Disposal (CONT.) BATTERIES MERCURY-CONTAINING ITEMS OEHS will pick up the following universal wastes from school sites:BATTERIESSilver button batteries, Mercury batteries, Small sealed lead acid batteries (burglar alarm and emergency light batteries), Rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries, Carbon-zinc batteries Alkaline batteries (AAA, AA,C, D batteries), Lithium batteries.MERCURY-CONTAINING ITEMSPressure or vacuum gauges that contain mercury, including blood pressure meters, Mercury thermometers, including fever thermometers , Mercury gas flow regulators, Novelties that contain mercury or mercury batteries, Mercury switches, Rubber flooring that contains mercury, Dilators and weighted tubing medical devices that contain mercury, Gauges that contain mercury, Dental amalgam Mercury thermostats.MISCELLANEOUS ITEMSNon-empty aerosol cans, High intensity discharge lamps, Fluorescent light bulbs, Sodium vapor lamps.
33Disposal (CONT.)Fill out this form and fax to OEHS at (213)
36SpillsClean-up minor spills of diluted chemicals, nonvolatile or toxic using procedures listed on the MSDSWear appropriate protective apparel such as gloves and apronsEvacuate the area if a volatile, flammable, toxic and/or concentrated material is spilled.Notify OEHS at (213) immediately.
37Recordkeeping Chemical Inventory Records Conduct an inventory of all chemicals stored in each school building annuallyInventory information includes the following: chemical name, quantity, hazard information, and storage location. Computer software may be used for keeping the inventory, if desired.Inventory and chemical order records are to be maintained by the Chemical Safety Coordinator, Site Administrator, or Science Chairperson, with a copy sent to OEHS.Chemical Hygiene and Safety Training RecordsAnnual Chemical Hygiene and Safety Training for Science staff and Hazard Communication Training for all staff conducted by the Chemical Safety Coordinator (CSC)Document all trainings and maintain all records on site for at least 5 years
38Recordkeeping (CONT.) Medical Examination and Exposure Records School science teachers do not regularly handle large quantities of acutely or chronically toxic materials. Therefore, regular medical surveillance is not required.In the event of an employee exposure to a hazardous chemical exceeding the established Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) or Threshold Limit Values (TLV), or exhibits signs or symptoms of such exposure, the employee shall have the opportunity to receive a medical consultation to determine the need for medical examination.Medical exams and consultations performed at a reasonable time and location without the cost to the employee.The physician will be provided with: identity of the chemical(s) to which the employee may have been exposed, exposure conditions; and employee's signs and symptoms of possible exposure.A record of consultation, tests performed and conclusions will be provided to the employee and school district. CalOSHA regulations require that records of air concentration monitoring, exposure assessments, medical consultations, and medical examinations be maintained for at least 30 years after the employee leaves school district employment.
39Chemical Inventory Records An inventory of all chemicals stored in each school building shall beconducted annually and chemical usage determined.Inventory information shall include the chemical name, quantity,hazard information, and storage location.Inventory and chemical order records are to be maintained by theChemical Safety Coordinator, Site Administrator, or ScienceChairperson, with a copy sent to OEHS.
40“ A commitment to purchase a chemical is a commitment to handle and store the chemical safely and to dispose of the chemical in an environmentallyacceptable fashion.”