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European Region Paris Basin.

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Presentation on theme: "European Region Paris Basin."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Region Paris Basin

2 Learning Outcome Identify key points on Paris Basin
Sketch Map (Physical features, Urban area) Climate / Soils/ Relief Primary Secondary Tertiary Review Exam Questions on Paris Basin

3 Physical Characteristics
Paris Basin Physical Characteristics


5 Relief Low-lying Syncline in sedimentary rocks
Rock layers folded in east Ridges or scarps on landscape

6 Soils Fertile Vary depending on underlying rock
Different soil types- different farming areas (pays) Limon soils- centre of region, productive agriculture (Ile De France)

7 Drainage Three Rivers Seine Somme Loire

8 Climate Changes from West to East West; Maritime East; Continental
Summers cool Winters mild East; Continental Summers hot Winters cold Inbetween; Transitional

9 Primary Economic Activities
Paris Basin Primary Economic Activities

10 Proximity to wealthy urban market
Important Factors Fertile soil Mild Climate Low-lying relief Educated farmers Proximity to wealthy urban market

11 Agriculture Fertile limon soil
Mild climate, spring rainfall, long hours of sun Cereal crops- wheat, barley & maize Alluvial soils close to Seine Intensive commercial farming Mechanised farms Easy access to wealthy market

12 Agricultural Produce Wheat Barley Sugar beet
Dairy farming (cheese & butter) Viticulture

13 Secondary Economic Activities
Paris Basin

14 Attractive to Industry
Access / Communications Population Agricultural Raw Materials Government Policy

15 Access / Communications
River Seine Ports (Le Harve) Road & Rail networks focus on Paris TGV rail Metro Two international airports Direct link to London via Channel Tunnel

16 Population 21 million people – skilled labour force Wealthy
Market for luxury goods

17 Agricultural Raw Materials
Cereals Vines (Wine) Cattle (Cheese, Beef, Milk) Aromatic plants (Lavender) These supply the food processing & cosmetic industries

18 Government Policy Eight Competitive Clusters
Bring industry, business & research together Eg; Cosmetic Valley 550 companies 47,000 jobs €11 billion turnover

19 Main manufactured products
Cartier jewellery Yves Saint Laurent perfume Chanel fashion Citroen cars

20 Tertiary Economic Activities
Paris Basin

21 Tourism 45 million tourists each year
Paris attracts 33 million of those. Tourism accounts for 25% of jobs in Paris

22 Attractions Natural and Man-made attractions History Culture Scenery

23 Factors encouraging tourism
Easily Accessible Air (3 international airports) road, rail (400 metro stations, TGV) Range of Accommodation Luxurious hotels to hostels Variety of Attractions

24 Attractions in Paris City
Disneyland Resort Notre Dame Cathedral Louvre museum Eiffel Tower

25 Other attractions Fashion capital; Chanel, Dior, Yves Saint Laurent
Boat trips on the river Seine Dance shows such as the Moulin Rouge

26 Attractions in the Paris Basin Region
Medieval walled city Caen Beaches of Normandy (WW2 battle sites) Reims Cathedral Vineyards & Wine-tasting City of Versailles (history, art, architecture)

27 Exam Questions Examine the factors that influence the development of primary / secondary / tertiary economic activities in a European region that you have studied. (30m) With reference to any one European region which you have studied, explain in detail two reasons why tourists might visit the region. (30m)

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