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Developed by the National Emergency Services Academy Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129th Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev 5.0.

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Presentation on theme: "Developed by the National Emergency Services Academy Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129th Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev 5.0."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developed by the National Emergency Services Academy Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129th Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev 5.0 04-Jan-2014 1

2 2 This Training Slide Show is a project undertaken by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell of the TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron, Fort Worth, TX for local use to assist those CAP Members interested in advancing their skills. The information contained herein is for CAP Members personal use and is not intended to replace or be a substitute for any of the CAP National Training Programs. Users should review the presentations Revision Number at the end of each file name to ensure that they have the most current publication.

3 Field Hygiene Techniques for living in the field to keep your body and the environment healthy Campsite living Waste Sanitation Personal hygiene Environmental protection 3

4 Human Waste If setting up a base camp for any duration, it is best to see if portable toilets can be brought in In more remote camps or while traveling on search sorties into remote areas, other means will have to be prepared for –Cat hole latrines –Trench latrines –Bucket latrines –Alternatives 4

5 Cat Hole Latrines Cover the area with pine needles, twigs, etc. Your trowel or shovel should not touch human waste. Be at least 200 feet from any water source. Dig a hole 6-8 inches deep by 12 inches Organic soil will speed decomposition Back fill dirt when completed 5

6 Cat Hole Latrines (Continued) It is best if toilet paper can be packed out. –Slow to decompose and can be dug up by animals –Usually wont burn completely Get biodegradable toilet paper Alternatives to toilet paper? –Moss, smooth rocks, snow, etc. Biodegradable toilet paper 6

7 Cat Hole Latrines (Continued) The backpack trowel is plastic and weighs only 2 ounces and can usually be bought for around $2.00 U-dig-it trowel is made of stainless steel, folds, and weighs 6.5 ounces. Can usually be bought for about $20.00 Backpacking trowels are light weight and can be easily carried- much smaller and lighter than entrenching tools. 7

8 Trench Latrine For larger group or longer term use Dirt kept for back filling Toilet paper can be put on a stick and covered with a can 200 feet from camp site or water source 4 foot long, 12 inch wide, 6-8 inch deep 8

9 Pail Latrine For larger group or more long term use Waste can be completely removed 5 gallon buckets can be used- save the lid to cover Buckets can be used with lid without building covering Lashing deadfall limbs can be used for pail or trench latrine 9

10 Latrines (Continued) 10

11 Latrines (Continued) 11

12 Latrines (Continued) Mark the latrine area with flagging tape Light sticks can be used at night Ponchos or other material can be used to provide some privacy Try to keep latrines downwind from camp area Keep 200 feet or 70 paces from camp 12

13 Alternatives For Base Camp Portable toilet kit with snap on lid is about $25 Inflate-a-potty is about $25 Coleman portable toilet is about $75 Bag for sanitary disposal of urine/vomit is about $3 13

14 Hand Washing Keep 200 feet away from streams and other water areas Use biodegradable soap if possible Consider sanitizing towellettes or wipes Clean your hands after toilet use, before eating or preparing food, etc. 14

15 Waste Water Waste water can be ran off into an area where it wont be tracked into mud Wash water from cooking/eating clean up should have any food particles removed before dispersing to prevent attraction of animals and insects Small pans of water can be dumped in a secluded spot or thrown and dispersed away from the camp area 15

16 Trash Campsite cleanliness is important Environmental considerations –Leave no trace camping Attraction of insects and pests Attraction of animals Pack out what you pack in Paper trash may burn if you have a campfire, but many plastics, foam, foil wrappers, etc. only melt or partially burn- pack them out 16

17 Trash (Continued) If you have a fire, you may burn out cans, MRE food containers before putting them in the trash to reduce attraction of insects and animals Dry wet trash on the side of the fire (wet paper towels, etc.) before burning Do not bury trash- animals will just dig it back up Do not dump trash or waste water into latrine holes 17

18 Team Level Camps Each member should collect and carry out their own trash Do not keep trash, food, or packs where small animals will be attracted –They may destroy your equipment getting to it –They may eat your food supplies –Skunks may do more than try to eat your food –Risks of bites Dont leave your pack out leaning against a tree or unprotected –The straps often absorb sweat and salt and rodents and small animals like to chew 18

19 Bears In bear country- check for local procedures and warnings –Generally, keep all food and trash at least 50 feet from the campsite for storage –Hang in a tree at least 10 feet high from the ground, 3 feet from the branch it is hanging, and 4 feet from the tree trunk. –Bears have been known to break car windows and break open food boxes to get to food 19

20 Food Even in non-bear country- food needs to be secured to keep it safe from other animals and pests Dont leave food setting about the campsite Keep food from inside your tent or shelter area unless you want to wake up with a new animal roommate In non-bear country, you can still hang it in a tree, secure in a food locker, place in a vehicle, etc. 20

21 Base Camps In base camps, try to arrange for trash dumpsters or regular pick up If not, try to keep trash bagged and stored until it can be packed out so as not to attract small animals –Tie trash bags up in trees –Double bag if garbage is spilled on the outside of a bag Follow special considerations in bear country Store at least 50 feet from camp area 21

22 Base Camps (Continued) You may need to arrange for water to be brought in to facilitate drinking, washing, and to re-supply teams in the field Take into account drainage so there is not mud, large puddles, etc. 22

23 Base Camps (Continued) Be aware that the old canvas lyster bags can have problems with mold, mildew, and bacteria. If filling a water buffalo, inspect the tank for cleanliness. Use a water test kit if any doubt. 23

24 Personal Care Wash face, hands, and armpits at least each day –If water is limited, use corn starch or rub briskly with dry towel to remove excess oil and perspiration Teeth should be cleaned daily. If no toothbrush, use a small twig or a clean piece of cloth on your finger Underwear should be changed at least twice a week –If no water to wash, shake it out and air for at least two hours 24

25 Personal Care (Continued) Wash feet daily and keep socks clean and dry Avoid –Wearing scented deodorants, perfume, or after- shave… it attracts insects –Dont bath or launder in streams, ponds, etc. with soaps. Carry water at least 200 feet from water source 25

26 Some Alternatives 8" x 8" disposable washcloths premoistened with a gentle, no-rinse hydrating cleanser. About $10 per package Solar showers may be obtained from small single units to battery powered ranging from about $8- 300 Privacy shelters for showers or toilets- about $40 Disposable tooth cleaners- about $10 26

27 Eating and Cooking Wash hands before eating or preparing food Make sure cooking and food utensils are clean –Wash with biodegradable soap –Rinse well- soap residue can make you ill –Use boiling water when possible to rinse Cooking pots or pans with a non-stick surface makes clean up easy with far less water 27

28 Eating and Cooking (Continued) Keep your canteens or hydration systems clean Follow manufacturer cleaning instructions Avoid drink mixtures inside canteens or hydration systems Keep container opening or mouth piece clean 28

29 Eating and Cooking (Continued) In the backcountry, you may have to use alternate water sources Assume all water you come in contact with in the outdoors is unsafe Water filtration is the safest method to assure safe water –Use filters capable of removing dangers of bacteria and Giardia 29

30 An Important Matter Personal hygiene is important to keep yourself healthy. You cant give full attention to your mission if you arent healthy Camp hygiene and sanitation is important for maintaining the health of everyone Planning and training keeps personnel healthy and focused on mission objectives. 30

31 These presentations were made by the National Emergency Services Academy for the purpose of advancing, refreshing, or reviewing information for search and rescue training. Products shown are for illustration purposes only. The National Emergency Services Academy, Civil Air Patrol, or the United States Air Force does not endorse, guarantee, or recommend any specific company, service, business, or product. Presentations are designed to be used with qualified instructors familiar with your local area. 31


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