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1 Drinking Water Scams by Southern Region Drinking Water Program Team.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Drinking Water Scams by Southern Region Drinking Water Program Team."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Drinking Water Scams by Southern Region Drinking Water Program Team

2 2 Objective To make people more aware of the various types of scams associated with drinking water so that they can better recognize a scam or potential scam and know how to deal with it.

3 3 What is a Drinking Water Scam?

4 4 Who is Susceptible to Scams?

5 5 Water: A Very Unusual Substance and it has Held Great Mystery for Humans Since Early Times

6 6 History of Water-Related Scams

7 7 Many Scams Now Internet-Based

8 8 Snake Oil and Other Quack Products were Real and Such Products are Still with Us Today

9 9 Examples of Past Water Scams Medical use of hydrotherapy Medical use of hydrotherapy Drinking radon or radium water Drinking radon or radium water

10 10

11 11 From Hot-Springs Therapy to Radium and Radon Water

12 12 For that Healthy Glow Drink Radiation

13 13 Radon or Radium Water Devices

14 14 Radium Water from Pills

15 15 Radon Water from Liquid Concentrate

16 16 First Bottled Water Scam

17 17 Modern Day Drinking Water Scams Bottled water scams Bottled water scams Health quackery scams Health quackery scams Water treatment scams Water treatment scams Water testing scams Water testing scams Water supply scams Water supply scams

18 18 Bottled Water Industry and Associated Scams All bottled water is not a scam All bottled water is not a scam Fraudulent vendor claims are scams Fraudulent vendor claims are scams Deception by sales persons are scams Deception by sales persons are scams Special formulations are often scams Special formulations are often scams

19 19 The Bottled Water Industry

20 20 The Growing Bottled Water Industry

21 21 New Bottled Water Promotions DesignerLabeling

22 22 Bottled Waterthe Good It is convenient and portable It is convenient and portable It is a good diet drink It is a good diet drink Healthier than many drinks containing sugar, caffeine and other additives Healthier than many drinks containing sugar, caffeine and other additives Fits special niches (some are scams) Fits special niches (some are scams)

23 23 Bottled Waterthe Bad It is very expensive in comparison to tap water It is very expensive in comparison to tap water It is not necessarily better than most tap water It is not necessarily better than most tap water It is not necessarily safer than most tap water It is not necessarily safer than most tap water Some niche uses are scams Some niche uses are scams It is associated with many health quackery scams It is associated with many health quackery scams It is associated with push for global privatization It is associated with push for global privatization

24 24 Bottled Water and Health Quackery Bottled water is tied to many health quackery scams Bottled water is tied to many health quackery scams Structure-altered or clustered water Structure-altered or clustered water Special oxygenated forms of water Special oxygenated forms of water Specialized mineral waters Specialized mineral waters Alkaline, ionic or ionized water Alkaline, ionic or ionized water Special energized forms of water Special energized forms of water Treated with magnetism Treated with magnetism Treated with some form of light Treated with some form of light Treated with sound waves Treated with sound waves Treated with electricity in some way Treated with electricity in some way Treated with a special catalyst Treated with a special catalyst Naturally occurring (some remote area) Naturally occurring (some remote area)

25 25 Bottled Water Health Quackery Scams Oxygenated water nonsense

26 26 More on Oxygenated Water Scams Special oxygenated and clustered water found in nature

27 27 More Oxygenated Bottled Water Scams Super-oxygenated water – just a super scam

28 28 Need a Mineral Supplement, Order it in Your Bottled Water Special mineral water for any element you desire

29 29 Other Bottled Water Scams Water for special niches (some are scams)

30 30 Other Bottled Water Scams More health quackery nonsensecatalyst altered water

31 31 Where Bottled Water is Going Driving interest in global privatization and international vending sales

32 32 Two Categories of Water Treatment Scams 1. Those convincing consumers to purchase treatment devices that do not work 2. Those convincing consumers to purchase treatment devices they do not need There are scams associated with remedying both health and nuisance problems

33 33 Water Treatment and Health Quackery Scams Devices that produce oxygenated, super-oxygenated or antioxidant water Devices that produce oxygenated, super-oxygenated or antioxidant water Devices that produce special structure-altered or special clustered water Devices that produce special structure-altered or special clustered water Devices that produce alkaline or ionic forms of water Devices that produce alkaline or ionic forms of water Devices that produce water with some special form of energy or other magical properties Devices that produce water with some special form of energy or other magical properties

34 34 Oxy-Plus Water Treatment Devices

35 35 Bottled Water or Treatment Device Health Quackery Scams

36 36 Health Quackery Treatment Scams Devices for producing water with micro-clusters

37 37 Ionic Devices/Alkaline Water

38 38 Ionizer for the Faucet

39 39 Health Quackery Treatment Scams The Bio-Alkalizer for around $1500 The Bio-Alkalizer for around $1500

40 40 Health Quackery Treatment Scams There are several opinions as to just what bio-water is. The main thing is that it is a scam.

41 41 More Water Treatment Nonsense The magic of magnetism Catalyst altered water

42 42 Magnetic Water Treatment Nonsense

43 43 More Pseudoscience Health Quackery Blue water revitalizer Blue water revitalizer The silver water kit The silver water kit

44 44 Specially Energized Water

45 45 Other Health-Related Water Treatment Scams Scare Tactics: The hazards of chlorination and fluoridation

46 46 Anti Fluoridation Movement

47 47 Nuisance-Related Water Treatment Scams Often associated with water testing scams Often associated with water testing scams Treatment needs are often misrepresented on the Internet Treatment needs are often misrepresented on the Internet Unscrupulous sales reps often rely on a consumers ignorance of water treatment Unscrupulous sales reps often rely on a consumers ignorance of water treatment A sales rep may even utilize Consumer Confidence Reports to aid in selling treatment devices A sales rep may even utilize Consumer Confidence Reports to aid in selling treatment devices Installed treatment systems can sometimes cause problems Installed treatment systems can sometimes cause problems Very expensive treatment systems may come with an expensive maintenance agreement or no maintenance agreement at all Very expensive treatment systems may come with an expensive maintenance agreement or no maintenance agreement at all

48 48 Three Types of Water Testing Scams On-site demonstration tricks On-site demonstration tricks Misinterpretation of lab test results Misinterpretation of lab test results Fake lab test results Fake lab test results

49 49 Magnetic Water Conditioners for Treating Scale and Hard Water

50 50 Reducing Cluster Size to Prevent Scaling

51 51 Many Water Treatment Devices Work Fine Filtration through some media, and more recently, through porous membranes with or without added pressure, is the technique most used in water treatment.

52 52 Water Softening vs. Water Conditioning

53 53 All New Techniques are Not Scams

54 54 Supply-Related Water Scams Water locating scams Water locating scams Rain making scams Rain making scams Well drilling scams Well drilling scams Water privatization scams Water privatization scams

55 55 Dowsing: Does it Really Work?

56 56 Jokes About Water Witching

57 57 Rain Dancing and Rain Making

58 58 Cloud Seeding is not a Scam but Does not Always Work

59 59 Most Well Drilling Today is not a Scam

60 60 Water is the Most Important Substance on Earth All life as we know it depends on water. All life as we know it depends on water. Celestial search for life is a search for water. Celestial search for life is a search for water.

61 61 Limited Freshwater Supply Driving Privatization

62 62 Expect to Hear More About Privatization in the Future

63 63 Why Drinking Water Scams Work Because survival is more important to us than truth, logic and reason Because survival is more important to us than truth, logic and reason Because we are prone to be superstitious and use irrational thinking Because we are prone to be superstitious and use irrational thinking Because many people are scientifically illiterate and cannot tell the difference between science and pseudoscience Because many people are scientifically illiterate and cannot tell the difference between science and pseudoscience Because science education does not equilibrate to logical and critical thinking Because science education does not equilibrate to logical and critical thinking

64 64 Basic Characteristics of Drinking Water Scams Like most scams, they sound too good to be true Like most scams, they sound too good to be true They are not based on clear proven scientific principles They are not based on clear proven scientific principles They have no peer-reviewed reputable support literature They have no peer-reviewed reputable support literature They have testimonials from crackpots who promote pseudoscience They have testimonials from crackpots who promote pseudoscience They have fake testimonials from satisfied customers They have fake testimonials from satisfied customers There is pressure to purchase or invest immediately There is pressure to purchase or invest immediately

65 65 Where to Report Drinking Water Scams Any type of scam Any type of scam Report to local sheriff Report to local sheriff Report to state attorney general office Report to state attorney general office False health and product labeling False health and product labeling Report to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Report to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Fraudulent mail Fraudulent mail Report to U.S. Postal Service Report to U.S. Postal Service Fraudulent marketing Fraudulent marketing Report to U.S. Federal Trade Commission Report to U.S. Federal Trade Commission

66 66 Reporting Scams Through Internet U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) U.S. Postal Service U.S. Postal Service lFraudComplaint.htm lFraudComplaint.htm U.S. Federal Trade Commission U.S. Federal Trade Commission

67 67 For More Information on Drinking Water Scams and Other Scams Local Sources Local Sources Sheriffs office, district attorneys office or consumer protection offices Sheriffs office, district attorneys office or consumer protection offices Public water system representatives Public water system representatives County Cooperative Extension Offices County Cooperative Extension Offices

68 68 For More Information on Drinking Water Scams and Other Scams State Sources State Sources Consumer protection unit of state attorney generals office Consumer protection unit of state attorney generals office State primacy agency that enforces the Safe Drinking Water Act State primacy agency that enforces the Safe Drinking Water Act

69 69 For More Information on Drinking Water Scams and Other Scams Federal Sources Federal Sources Federal Citizen Information Center (FCIC) Federal Citizen Information Center (FCIC) Bureau of Consumer Protection of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission Bureau of Consumer Protection of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission Office of Groundwater and Drinking Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Groundwater and Drinking Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

70 70 For More Information on Drinking Water Scams Over 50 Scam Links on Alabama Water Quality Information Website Over 50 Scam Links on Alabama Water Quality Information Website Reliable Internet Information on Fraud Reliable Internet Information on Fraud Consumer Fraud Watch Network Consumer Fraud Watch Network Net Scams Online Protection Net Scams Online Protection National Fraud Information Center National Fraud Information Center Legal Information on Scams and Fraud Legal Information on Scams and Fraud


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