Presentation on theme: "Language Barriers Using the Multiple Intelligence Theory and Instructional Technology to Break the Barriers By Carrie Pilant."— Presentation transcript:
Language Barriers Using the Multiple Intelligence Theory and Instructional Technology to Break the Barriers By Carrie Pilant
The Problem English Language Learner (ELL) students present challenges in the classroom. Their differences can be extreme and if the focus lies on those differences, teaching that individual can become a difficult task. So, what if educators focus on similarities rather than differences?
A Solution Educators could choose to group English Language Learners with students who have similar learning styles.
Learning Styles Howard Gardner published a book, Frames of Mind in the early 1980s. Gardner theorized there are nine basic multiple intelligences (learning styles) that learners possess.
Gardners Multiple Intelligence 1. Bodily / Kinesthetic - interaction with the environment 2. Existential - connecting to larger understandings 3. Interpersonal - interaction with others 4. Intrapersonal - feelings, values and attitudes 5. Logical / Mathematical - problem solving 6. Musical / Rhythmic - sound and patterning 7. Naturalist - attributes, categories and hierarchies 8. Verbal / Linguistic – language 9. Visual / Spatial - seeing and imagining
Gardners Multiple Intelligence Many educators and/or teachers already apply Gardners MI theory into their classrooms. However, what if there was a way to apply the MI theory using technology?
Technology Technology is a strong motivator for most students because the current generation is growing up in what is known as the Digital Age. Walter McKenzies Multiple Intelligences and Instructional Technology (2002) provides educators with guidelines for using technology based on the MI theory.
Walter McKenzie McKenzie correlates intelligences with technology tools. In the next nine slides, technologies are listed that preeminently connect with each Multiple Intelligence.
Technology and MI Theory Bodily / Kinesthetic –Construction tools –Kitchen utensils –P.E. equipment –Manipulative materials –Mouse –Assistive technologies
Technology and MI Theory Existential –Planetarium –Stage drama –Classic literature –Virtual field trips –Simulations –Symbol of world religions
Technology and MI Theory Interpersonal –Class discussion –Post-it notes –Greeting cards –Telephone –Intercom –Instant messenger
Technology and MI Theory Intrapersonal –Journals –Diaries –Learning centers –Class debate –Digital portfolios with self- assessment
Technology and MI Theory Mathematical / Logical –Calculator –Lecture –Ruler / yardstick –Spreadsheet –Measuring cups/scales –Problem-solving tasks
Technology and MI Theory Musical / Rhythmical –Pattern blocks –Puzzles –Tape player / recorder –Speakers –CD-ROM disks –CD-ROM players
Technology and MI Theory Naturalist –Magnifying glass –Microscope –Scrapbook –Sandwich bag –Semantic mapping tools –Floppy drive
Technology and MI Theory Verbal / Linguistic –Textbook –Pencil –Worksheet –Magazine –Word processing –Keyboard –E-mail
Technology and MI Theory Visual / Spatial –Television –Picture books –Charting and graphing –Digital camera –HTML editor –Slideshows
Technology The International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) addresses all of Gardners intelligences (through the six National Educational Technology Standards (NETS) for Students).
Technology The Six Standards are (click to see the Standard correlated to MI theory) : 1. Basic Operations and Concepts Basic Operations and Concepts 2. Social, Ethical, and Human Issues Social, Ethical, and Human Issues 3. Technology Productivity Tools Technology Productivity Tools 4. Technology Communications Tools Technology Communications Tools 5. Technology Research Tools Technology Research Tools 6. Technology Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Tools Technology Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Tools Next Slide
Basic Operations And Concepts Logical/ Mathematical NaturalistKinesthetic Standard I Back to Standards
Social, Ethical, and Human Issues IntrapersonalExistential Standard II Back to Standards
Technology Productivity Tools VerbalVisualInterpersonalKinesthetic Standard III Back to Standards
Technology Communications Tools VerbalMusicalLogicalNaturalistInterpersonalIntrapersonal Standard IV Back to Standards
Technology Research Tools NaturalistIntrapersonal Standard V Back to Standards
Technology Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Tools Logical/ Mathematical IntrapersonalExistential Standard VI Back to Standards
ISTE Teachers who integrate technology in their instructional planning could find the ISTE NETS to be a useful guideline. A copy of the National Educational Technology Standards (NETS) for Students and Multiple Intelligences that relate to that standard in Adobe Acrobat Reader (McKenzie, 2002).Adobe Acrobat Reader (McKenzie, 2002).
Learning Styles Regardless of language barriers, most students prefer a specific learning style. Technology can be integrated once the learning style is established. How is a multiple intelligence (learning style) determined?
Determining MI There are many ways to determine which of Gardners MI you prefer. Below are a few user friendly websites with immediate results: –http://surfaquarium.com/MI/inventory.htmhttp://surfaquarium.com/MI/inventory.htm –http://www.ldpride.nethttp://www.ldpride.net –http://snow.utoronto.ca/courses/mitest.htmlhttp://snow.utoronto.ca/courses/mitest.html A good rule of thumb is to use multiple resources and testing to ensure accuracy of the results.
Accuracy To double-check accuracy of the intelligence preference, it is important to acquire a test in the childs native language. There are websites available for free translations to assist in preparing the student to take a screening test. The translation tools are not always precise and it would be wise to check for correctness.
ELL Website Support The following websites offer free translations. http://www.freetranslation.com http://babelfish.altavista.com http://translation2.paralink.com / http://translation2.paralink.com /
Resource Links Howard Gardners website http://www.howardgardner.com/ http://www.howardgardner.com/ Havard Colleges webpage on Howard Gardner http://www.pz.harvard.edu/PIs/HG.htm http://www.pz.harvard.edu/PIs/HG.htm Walter McKenzies website http://surfaquarium.com/MI/index.htm http://surfaquarium.com/MI/index.htm
Resource Links Support For Learnings webpage on learning styles http://www.support4learning.org.uk/edu cation/learning_styles.cfm http://www.support4learning.org.uk/edu cation/learning_styles.cfm Eduscapes webpage on Technology and Multiple Intelligences http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic68.htm http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic68.htm
References Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New york: BasicBooks. McKenzie, W. (2002). Multiple intelligences and instructional technology: A manual for every mind. Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education.