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Spatial Analysis Topic: Spatial Planning for Waste Management The Case Study of the Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) Okhahlamba Local Municipality,

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Presentation on theme: "Spatial Analysis Topic: Spatial Planning for Waste Management The Case Study of the Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) Okhahlamba Local Municipality,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Spatial Analysis Topic: Spatial Planning for Waste Management The Case Study of the Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) Okhahlamba Local Municipality, KZN Author: Ms. Siphelelisiwe Gugulethu Sithole Organisation: PRAVIN AMAR DEVELOPMENT PLANNERS 13 September 2013

2 Abstract: The use of spatial data and GIS analytical techniques as a means of providing solutions to development, socio-economic, infrastructural services, public services (e.g. municipal utility billing systems) and other problems has become an topic al issue amongst various users and decision makers i.e. development planners, statisticians & organs of state. Although the topic has become popular, GIS with its map-making & analysis capabilities remain an underutilized tool particularly in the context of spatial representation for waste statistics and decision making related to waste management strategising Author: SG SITHOLE

3 Methodology: understanding the IWMP process
PRESENTATION OUTLINE Background to the study/Background of Integrated Waste Management Plans (IWMPs) Methodology: understanding the IWMP process Area Analysis : brief overview Summary of Key Statistics Conceptual framework for Spatial Planning concerning waste Intended objectives and outcome of the data mapping exercise Opportunities and Challenges Closing statement Author: SG SITHOLE

The project was commissioned by the Okhahlamba Local Municipality (OLM), after having undertaken a site identification process for the establishment the need for a municipal landfill site. Due to inadequate information to enable an informed decision, it was resolved that a comprehensive IWMP is required prior to deciding on the suitable location of the landfill site. Notwithstanding the above, the promulgation of the National Waste Management Act of 2009 directs that all organs of state must fully have compliant IWMPs, This implies that IWMPs are now mandatory and they must be aligned to the IDPs and are subject to approval by the Department of Environmental Affairs IWMPs contain key features which are directly linked and involve a spatial planning dimension that talks to GIS, map-mapping and its decision-making capabilities Author: SG SITHOLE

The formulation of the IWMP is undertaken in line with the following processes: 1. Situational Analysis/Status Quo 2. Desired end state 3. Alternatives Assessment 4. Select preferred alternatives 6. Implementation Plan 7. Monitoring and review Data Collection Tools Spatial data Non-spatial data Literature review i.e. scrutinizing the existing policies, legislation. Guidelines, etc. Interviews/questionnaires Field visits/surveys Observation Data analysis include: Desktop analysis Financial analysis Legislative analysis Geographic data analysis Source: Guidelines for the development of Integrated Waste Management Plans (IWMPs) Author: SG SITHOLE

Geographic Situation The OLM is one of the five municipalities forming the Uthukela District Municipality, within the Province of KZN The municipality is the largest within the Uthukela district municipality (approximately 3, 971km² in extent) . It is bordered by the Free State province on the west and it is well linked and strategically positioned in terms of existing road networks, particularly the main N3 link from Durban to Gauteng. The settlement pattern is influenced by the landscape as well as the prevalence of sensitive environments within the Okhahlamba Local Municipality i.e. mountainous regions, heritage sites, hydrographic network and other key features. The area has a general rural landscape; some areas resemble a semi-urban setting. As such, most settlements are concentrated around urban centres i.e. Geluksburg, Bergville, Winterton as well as concentration around Tribal Authority regions. Note: The following slide indicate a visual description of the physical character of the area Author: SG SITHOLE

7 Emnambithi/Ladysmith LM
Indaka LM Okhahlamba LM Emtshezi LM Imbabazane LM Author: SG SITHOLE

Available Waste Stats The municipality currently has one refuse site (which is informally operated) A small percentage of waste producers i.e. households and businesses receive waste collection services by the local municipality or by private waste collectors (businesses) – services are not spread out to the rural localities. The “burn and bury”/own refuse dump is a predominant method for waste disposal/waste handling in the rural communities. 75% of the population utilise this method QUANTITIES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF WASTE IN OKHAHLAMBA LOCAL MUNICIPALITY (TONS PER ANNUM) WASTE PRACTICE WASTE SOURCES AND QAUNTITIES (TONS PER ANNUM) Domestic Business Industrial Medical Mining Generated 624 5 748 None 26 None ?? Collected None?? Recycled Treated 312 1 817 Disposed 3 931 Author: SG SITHOLE

Name of the Municipality Extent Population Size Population density per Km2 Number of households Average household size Weekly refuse removal By the Municipality/Private Company Own Waste Disposal Facility Waste generated/Month /annum KZN232: Emnambithi/Ladysmith 2, 965km² 80 persons/km2 53 058 4 58.1% Yes ?? KZN233: Indaka 992km² 104 persons/km2 20 035 5.1 13.4% Unknown KZN234: Umtshezi 1, 972km² 83 153 42 persons/km2 19 252 4.2 50.3% KZN235: Okhahlamba 3, 971km² 33 persons/km2 27 576 4.6 9.2% KZN236: Imbabazane 1, 426km² 79 persons/km2 22 365 5 0.9% Source StatsSA- - Census 2013 Demarcation Board Author: SG SITHOLE

10 Collect data (spatial and non-spatial data)
5. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR SPATIAL PLANNING CONCERNING WASTE To provide vision and consistent direction, as well as a strategic assessment not only of what is desirable, but what is possible in the context of the physical environment The Framework Collect data (spatial and non-spatial data) Integration of data (spatial and attribute data)into a specific layer/s Build municipal GIS model ( e.g. “Waste-Spatial Database” -WSDB)- to form an integrated waste stats and geographic information system End product Interactive GIS consisting information about waste producers, the amounts and types of waste, collection points, transportation routes Integrated waste and geographic information management system Author: SG SITHOLE

11 What we intend to do with GIS in collaboration with waste statistics
6. INTENDED OBJECTIVES AND OUTCOME OF THE DATA MAPPING EXERCISE What we intend to do with GIS in collaboration with waste statistics Use GIS to store and present data concerning waste producers, waste types and quantities of waste generated Develop interactive maps that indicate: The distribution of existing waste facilities such as landfill sites, recycling centres/waste transfer stations with descriptive attributes information for each municipal entity Existing status of waste practices in each management area of the municipality i.e. waste practices per ward. Waste services pattern i.e. collection routes, collection points and disposal points These will assist in identifying key areas for the implementation of waste management strategies (e.g. new waste disposal areas, recycling centres, etc). Author: SG SITHOLE

12 Scenario 1: Ward-Based Waste Information System

13 Scenario 2: Entity Specific Waste Information System i. e
Scenario 2: Entity Specific Waste Information System i.e. disposal sites, waste transfer station and re-cycling centres Author: SG SITHOLE

Lack of readily available data due to data collection problems, e.g. sites not having formal means for data collection (such as weighbridges). Therefore the majority of spatial data has missing attribute information. Inability of institutions that are in custodianship of the appropriate waste information data or systems to facilitate the planning process – waste information system should reflect detailed information about waste stats within no gaps Incongruence with aligning data collection and sectoral terminology e.g. data collection on waste should align to the various definitions of waste in the Waste Act such as the type of waste generated within the municipality (no mention of e-waste) Author: SG SITHOLE

Limited capacity and utilisation of GIS to provide solutions and accelerate service delivery; as such GIS still remain an underutilized tool in development planning GIS is merely a tool that can only be used optimally when the integrity of the data and information collection process is not compromised. Opportunities Presentation of information spatially presents an opportunity to realise what is available, exactly where in the unit of area (i.e. ward level) to in facilitate informed and appropriate decisions Author: SG SITHOLE

16 8.CLOSING STATEMENT Waste information should not be considered in isolation from other social census as it has a direct relationship with the development planning policies i.e. IDPs that make use of social census for decision making All users must endeavor to utilise the available technologies such as GIS for problem solving and to enhance service delivery Technologies such as Google Earth and other open source (free) technology makes information sharing more accessible so the challenge for professionals is to now make it easier for the public to utilise Our IWMP mapping process intends to utilise “crowd-mapping” to gather primary data and allow anyone with access to a smart-phone to be able to input data into “live” map making process – this will be a precursor to the Waste Information System already in place nationally, but which is not being implemented suitably Author: SG SITHOLE

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