Presentation on theme: "Engineering Branches1 Dom Dal Bello Engineering 100 Allan Hancock College Fall 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Engineering Branches1 Dom Dal Bello Engineering 100 Allan Hancock College Fall 2011
Engineering Branches2 United States Engineers 2002: 1.5 million (U.S. Pop: 288M) To nearest thousand: 1.Electrical: 292,000 (Electrical/Electronics) 2.Civil:228,000 3.Mechanical:215,000 4.Industrial:194,000 5.Aerospace: 78,000 6.Computer:75,000 (Hardware)
Engineering Branches3 United States Engineers 2008: 1.6 million +100k since 2002 (U.S. Pop: 304M) To nearest thousand: 1.Electrical:302, k since 2002 (Electrical/Electronics) 2.Civil:278, k 3.Mechanical:239, k 4.Industrial:215, k 5.Computer:75,000 0 (Hardware) 6.Aerospace: 72,000 -6k Sept. 9, 2010
Engineering Branches4 Engineers Environmental Chemical Materials Petroleum Nuclear Biomedical Marine/Naval Arch. Mining/Geological Agriculture Architectural Manufacturing Systems
Engineering Branches6 Electrical Engineering Largest branch Design devices and systems that use electricity Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (I.E.E.E.) (38 technical societies in I.E.E.E.)
Engineering Branches7 Electrical Engineering Electronics Communications Power Controls Instrumentation Design of circuits & devices to produce, amplify and rectify (modify/filter) electric signals. Use transistors, semiconductors, integrated circuits (ICs).
Engineering Branches8 Electrical Engineering Electronics Communications Power Controls Instrumentation Entertainment to military. Cell phones, video tele- conferencing. Lasers, fiber-optics, wireless. Data transmission (data, voice, video).
Engineering Branches10 Electrical Engineering Electronics Communications Power Controls Instrumentation Automated operations and processes (robotics). Compare a measured quantity to desired result; difference causes a signal that adjusts input (thermostats, cruise control). Action e.g., f =k(T in -T o ) Actual Response (output ) Desired Response (input ) T in ToTo ToTo T in -T o ToTo Generic Control Process Feedback Loop
Engineering Branches11 Electrical Engineering Electronics Communications Power Controls Instrumentation Use electronic devices to measure pressure, temperature, speed, voltage, etc. Process, store, transmit data.
Engineering Branches12 Mechanical Engineering Broadest branch. Design power-producing machines and engines, and power-using machines. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (A.S.M.E.) (founded 1880; 32 technical divisions in 7 groups; and 3 institutes)
Engineering Branches13 Mechanical Engineering Energy Design of Structures and Motion of Mechanical Systems Manufacturing Production and Transfer. Energy Conversion (e.g., heat to mechanical). Design and Operate Power Plants. HVAC (heat., vent. & air cond). Refrigeration and Heat Exchangers. Solar, Geothermal, Wind.
Engineering Branches14 Mechanical Engineering Energy Design of Structures and Motion of Mechanical Systems Manufacturing Cars, trucks, tractors, trains, planes, space vehicles. Lathes, mills, grinders, drills, tools. Copiers, computers. Medical devices and equipment. Pressure vessels and pipes.
Engineering Branches15 Mechanical Engineering Energy Design of Structures and Motion of Mechanical Systems Manufacturing Design processes to convert raw materials into products. Design equipment. Design machines to make machines. Manufacturing processes. Automation and robotics. Increase efficiency.
Basic Engineering Technical Group Applied Mechanics Bioengineering Fluids Engineering Heat Transfer Materials Tribology (friction) Engineering Branches16 ASME Groups and Divisions Energy Conversion Group Internal Combustion Engine Nuclear Engineering Power Advanced Energy Systems Solar Energy Engr. & Tech. Management Group Management Safety Engineering & Risk Analysis Technology & Society Environment & Transportation Grp Aerospace Environmental Engineering Noise Control & Acoustics Rail Transportation Materials & Energy Recovery Manufacturing Technical Group Manufacturing Engineering Materials Handling Engineering Plant Engineering and Maintenance Process Industries Pressure Technology Group Nondestructive Evaluation Pressure Vessels and Piping System and Design Group Computers and Information Engineering Design Engineering Dynamic Systems and Control Electronic & Photonic Packaging Fluid Power Systems and Technology Information Storage & Processing Systems Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Mechanics, is the study of how media responds to external stimuli (e.g., forces), includes analytical and experimental studies in: - Biomechanics- Geomechanics - Composite materials- Hydrodynamics - Computing methods - Lubrication - Dynamics - Mechanical properties of matls - Elasticity - Micromechanics - Experimental Methods - Plasticity and failure - Fluid dynamics - Plates and shells - Fracture - Wave propagation The Applied Mechanics Division is one of the oldest and largest divisions of ASME. Prof. Stephen P. Timoshenko, was the first Chairman.
Engineering Branches17 Civil Engineering Oldest branch Plan, design and supervise the construction of facilities: buildings, transit systems, water supply and treatment, etc. American Society of Civil Engineers (A.S.C.E.) (8 institutes, 11 technical divisions)
Engineering Branches18 Civil Engineering Structural Transportation Environmental Water Resources Geotechnical Surveying Construction Design bridges, buildings, dams, tunnels, tanks, transmission towers, offshore platforms, satellites. Analyze forces on structures. Select components & materials to ensure structures strong, stable and durable. Structural Dynamics.
Engineering Branches19 Civil Engineering Structural Transportation Environmental Water Resources Geotechnical Surveying Construction Safe efficient movement of people and goods. Highways, roads, harbors, ports, mass transit, airports, railroads. Gas, oil and other transport systems.
Engineering Branches20 Civil Engineering Structural Transportation Environmental Water Resources Geotechnical Surveying Construction Control / prevent / eliminate: air / water / soil pollution. Design / operate: water systems, waste water and sewage systems, garbage disposal systems, air quality control systems, recycling systems. Toxic clean-up and pesticide control.
Engineering Branches21 Civil Engineering Structural Transportation Environmental Water Resources Geotechnical Surveying Construction Ensure availability, delivery. Develop new sources. Harbors, rivers, coastal protection. Flood control, irrigation, drainage. Hydro-electric facilities.
Engineering Branches22 Civil Engineering Structural Transportation Environmental Water Resources Geotechnical Surveying Construction Study properties of soil / rock on which structures are placed. How does ground support the loads? Dams, levees, foundations, offshore, settlement, stability of slopes, seepage of ground water. Earthquakes.
Engineering Branches23 Civil Engineering Structural Transportation Environmental Water Resources Geotechnical Surveying Construction Mapping construction sites – buildings, pipes, utilities. Locate property lines. LEGAL issues – requires state license. Satellites, aerial/terrestrial photography, computer processing, GPS.
Engineering Branches24 Civil Engineering Structural Transportation Environmental Water Resources Geotechnical Surveying Construction Technical & management skills. Plan and build facilities that other engineers and architects design. Estimate costs, equipment & personnel needs. Supervise construction, operating and startup. Know methods, equipment.
Engineering Branches25 ASCE Technical Institutes Architectural Engineering Institute (AEI) 1998 –all professionals in the building industry Coasts, Oceans, Ports, and Rivers Institute (COPRI) 2000 Construction Institute (CI) –Construction and Materials Divisions at ASCE. … suppliers, testing laboratories, bonding agencies, insurance providers, financial firms, accounting firms, and legal firms Engineering Mechanics Institute (EMI) –fourteen technical committees Environmental & Water Resources Institute (EWRI) 1999 Geo-Institute (G-I) 1996 –improving the environment, mitigating natural hazards, and economically constructing engineered facilities. Structural Engineering Institute (SEI) 1996 Transportation & Development Institute (T&DI)
Other ASCE Tech. Groups Technical Activities Committee (TAC) oversees all the technical groups within ASCE that are not currently part of the ASCE Institutes. Engineering Branches26 DIVISIONS Aerospace Energy Geomatics Pipeline TECHNICAL COUNCILS Cold Regions Engineering Computing and Engineering Technology Disaster Risk Management Forensic Engineering Lifeline Earthquake Engineering Wind Engineering
Engineering Branches27 Computer Engineering Fastest growing branch in 1990s. Design computer hardware & firmware. Started within electrical engineering, but requires specialized knowledge.. Computer Engineering vs. Computer Science
Engineering Branches29 Computer Engineering Hardware Firmware Firmware is microcode (software) that controls the processors. Firmware is the internal thought process of the computer that enables it to perform basic operations required by software in general.
Engineering Branches30 Computer Engineering Computer Science Comp. Scientists write the programs. Theory, design and implementation of software (an intangible product). Software: set of instructions that hardware can read and execute. OS, AI, networking, comm., database, computer- human interaction, graphics, computations.
Engineering Branches31 Industrial Engineering Develop efficient ways to use resources for a process or to make a product. Management and planning. Resources: people, machines, materials, energy, information. Design and manage Quality Control (QC) programs. Design facitilities and plants. Human and organizational aspects of systems design.
Engineering Branches32 Aerospace Engineering Commercial & military aircraft, missiles, spacecraft. New technologies. Aerodynamics, propulsion, thermodynamics, structures, celestial mechanics, acoustics; materials. Guidance and control systems.
Engineering Branches33 Environmental Engineering Use Civil Engineering, Biology and Chemistry to solve environmental problems. Air pollution, water management, water supply, waste water, solid waste, public health, hazardous waste. Clean up and prevent.
Engineering Branches34 Chemical Engineering Use training in engineering and chemistry to create usable products. Chemical production facilities; manufacturing facilities that use chemicals. Plastics, building materials, food products, pharmaceuticals, rubber, synthetic fibers, petroleum products (plastics, shampoos, perfume, fertilizers, petrochemicals). Environment: Clean up and prevent.
Engineering Branches35 Materials Engineering Materials Science: study what makes materials strong, stiff, fracture, fatigue, conductive, corrode, etc. Materials Engineering knowing the science… –Develop ways/new materials that improve material properties (strength, corrosion resistance, etc.) –Select right material for the job (mechanical, electrical, thermal, chemical properties, costs). –Graphite golf clubs, tiles on space shuttle, high strength/temperature alloys in turbines.
Engineering Branches36 Metallurgical Engineering Extractive Metallurgy : remove metal from ores, refine, alloy. Physical Metallurgy : study structure (microstructure), properties, processing products. Mechanical Metallurgy : develop/improve metal working processes (casting, forging, rolling, drawing). The Internet Microscope
Engineering Branches37 Ceramic Engineering Non-metallic minerals, clays, silicates (sand). Glassware, tiles, bricks. Semiconductors. Solar panels, insulators. Fiber optics. High temperature applications.
Engineering Branches38 Bio/Biomedical Engineering Design diagnostic and theraputic devices. Prostheses. Pace makers, implants. Bio-compatible materials. Blood analyzers, imaging, lasers, life support systems.
Engineering Branches39 Architectural Engineering Architects are primarily concerned with space use and aesthetics. Architectural Engineers are concerned with building safety, cost, and sound construction methods.
Engineering Branches40 Nuclear Engineering Design, construct and operate nuclear power plant. Nuclear submarines, space power. Handle fuels, dispose of waste. Medical applications (imaging).
Engineering Branches41 Petroleum Engineering Find and extract oil and natural gas. Remove, transport and store. Design processes, equipment and systems. Refine into useful products (fuel, plastics).
Engineering Branches43 Mining/Geological Engr. Find, remove and transport (coal, metals, minerals). Design processes, equipment and systems. Return ground to natural state.
Engineering Branches44 Manufacturing Engineering Study behavior of materials. Design systems, equipment and tools. Manage overall manufacturing process.
Engineering Branches45 Agricultural Engineering Food production, processing, marketing, distribution. Agricultural equipment, processes, structures. Power, machinery, electricity. Soil, water, forestry, bioengineering. Everything to do with Ag.
Engineering Branches46 Systems Engineering Design, develop and operate large, complex systems. Integration of components in a limited envelope. (e.g., a Boeing 747 has ~ million parts). Math, computer applications, queuing (ordering) theory, simulation.
Engineering Branches47 Other Engineering Branches Fire Protection Military Optical Software
Engineering Branches48 UC Santa Barbara College of Engineering Chemical Engineering Computer Science Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Materials Engineering (graduate)
Engineering Branches49 Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Aerospace (AERO) Biomedical (BMED) Civil (CE) Computer Engr. (CMPE) Computer Science (CSC) Electrical (EE) Environmental (ENVE) General (GENE)* Industrial (IE) Manufacturing (MFGE) Materials (MATE) Mechanical (ME) Software (SE) Fire Protection (graduate) College of Engineering
Engineering Branches50 Cal Poly San Luis Obispo College of Architecture & Environmental Design Architectural Engineering (ARCE) College of Agriculture Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering (BRAE)