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1 CHAPTER CONTENT Preview 2-1 Expressing past time: the simple pastExpressing past time: the simple past 2-2 Forms of the simple past: regular verbsForms.

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Presentation on theme: "1 CHAPTER CONTENT Preview 2-1 Expressing past time: the simple pastExpressing past time: the simple past 2-2 Forms of the simple past: regular verbsForms."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 CHAPTER CONTENT Preview 2-1 Expressing past time: the simple pastExpressing past time: the simple past 2-2 Forms of the simple past: regular verbsForms of the simple past: regular verbs 2-3 Forms of the simple past: beForms of the simple past: be 2-4 Regular verbs: pronunciation of –ed endingsRegular verbs: pronunciation of –ed endings 2-5 Spelling of –ing and –ed formsSpelling of –ing and –ed forms 2-6 The principal parts of a verbThe principal parts of a verb 2-7 Irregular verbs: a reference listIrregular verbs: a reference list 2-8 The simple past and the past progressiveThe simple past and the past progressive 2-9 Forms of the past progressiveForms of the past progressive 2-10 Expressing past time: using time clausesExpressing past time: using time clauses 2-11 Expressing past habit: used toExpressing past habit: used to CONTENTS

2 2 CHAPTER CONTENT CHAPTER 2: PREVIEW Alada rides the bus to work. Yesterday it rained and her clothes got wet. Today she is taking extra clothes to work.

3 3 CHAPTER CONTENT CHAPTER 2: PREVIEW Alada rides the bus to work. Yesterday it rained and her clothes got wet. Today she is taking extra clothes to work. PRESENT TENSE

4 4 CHAPTER CONTENT CHAPTER 2: PREVIEW Alada rides the bus to work. Yesterday it rained and her clothes got wet. Today she is taking extra clothes to work. PAST TENSE PRESENT TENSE

5 5 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST We graduated from college in 2007.

6 6 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST (a) Our family ate lunch outside yesterday. (b) Adrianna studied English for six hours last Wednesday. THE SIMPLE PAST

7 7 CHAPTER CONTENT activities or situations SIMPLE PAST began and ended in past (yesterday, last night, in 2007) 2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST (a) Our family ate lunch outside yesterday. (b) Adrianna studied English for six hours last Wednesday. THE SIMPLE PAST

8 8 CHAPTER CONTENT watch 2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST (c) They watched the movie last night. (d) Alexandra answered the question yesterday. THE SIMPLE PAST + ed=watched answer + ed=answered

9 9 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST (e) We slept in tents at camp last summer. THE SIMPLE PAST

10 10 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST (e) We slept in tents at camp last summer. (f) I understood most of the directions yesterday. THE SIMPLE PAST Irregular past: sleepslept understandunderstood eatate

11 11 CHAPTER CONTENT Simple past forms of be was and were 2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST (g) I was a lifeguard last summer. (h) They were in Belgium last month. THE SIMPLE PAST

12 12 CHAPTER CONTENT We started school last week. 2-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: REGULAR VERBS

13 13 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: REGULAR VERBS STATEMENT I-You-She-He-It-We-They started school last week.

14 14 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: REGULAR VERBS STATEMENT NEGATIVE I-You-She-He-It-We-They started school last week. I-You-She-He-It-We-They did not start school last week.

15 15 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: REGULAR VERBS QUESTION SHORT ANSWER I-you-she-he-it-we-they start school last week? Did I-you-she-he-it-we-they did. Yes, I-you-she-he-it-we-they didnt. No,

16 16 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-3 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: BE She was sick last Monday.

17 17 CHAPTER CONTENT STATEMENT 2-3 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: BE I-She-He-It was home last week. We-You-They were home last week.

18 18 CHAPTER CONTENT STATEMENT NEGATIVE I-She-He-It was not home last week. 2-3 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: BE I-She-He-It was home last week. We-You-They were home last week. We-You-They were not home last week.

19 19 CHAPTER CONTENT QUESTION I-she-he-it home last week? Was 2-3 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PAST: BE we-you-they home last week? Were SHORT ANSWER I-she-he-it was. we-you-they were. Yes, I-she-he-it- wasnt. we-you-they werent. No,

20 20 CHAPTER CONTENT They _______ at the movies last night at 8:00. 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 Lets Practice They ____ at the grocery store last night at 8:00. werent were is They were at the movies last night at 8:00. ? ACCURATE, AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT: NEGATIVE STATEMENT:

21 21 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 Lets Practice This airplane was made in 1625. This airplane ______ made in 1625. This airplane ___ made in 1943. wasnt was ? 1943 is ACCURATE, AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT: NEGATIVE STATEMENT:

22 22 CHAPTER CONTENT ACCURATE, AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT: 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 Lets Practice Did Carla get a bad grade on her test? Carla ________ a bad grade on her test. Carla ________ an excellent grade on her test. didnt get got NEGATIVE STATEMENT: get ?

23 23 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS talked talk/t/ She talked to me for an hour.

24 24 CHAPTER CONTENT voiceless sound + -ed /t/ (a) talked = talk/t/ stopped = stop/t/ hissed = hiss/t/ watched = watch/t/ washed = wash/t/ examples: k /k//p/ pp, 2-4 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS

25 25 CHAPTER CONTENT /k//s//ch//sh/, voiceless sound + -ed /t/ (a) talked = talk/t/ stopped = stop/t/ hissed = hiss/t/ watched = watch/t/ washed = wash/t/ examples: /p/ ss ch sh,,, 2-4 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS

26 26 CHAPTER CONTENT voiced sound + -ed /d/ (b) called = call/d/ rained = rain/d/ lived = live/d/ robbed = rob/d/ stayed = stay/d/ examples: ll /l/ /n/ n, 2-4 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS

27 27 CHAPTER CONTENT voiced sound + -ed /d/ (b) called = call/d/ rained = rain/d/ lived = live/d/ robbed = rob/d/ stayed = stay/d/ examples:/l//n//v/ v /b/ bb all vowel sounds y,,,, 2-4 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS

28 28 CHAPTER CONTENT t or d + -ed / d/ (c) waited = wait / d/ needed = need / d/ t d e e e 2-4 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS

29 29 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 Lets Practice behaved behave__ 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ e ?

30 30 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 Lets Practice behaved behave__ 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ e /d/

31 31 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 Lets Practice planted plant___ ? 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ e

32 32 CHAPTER CONTENT plant___ 2-4 Lets Practice / d/ e 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ e planted

33 33 CHAPTER CONTENT We are learning to speak English. 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS

34 34 CHAPTER CONTENT smiled smiling smile hoped hoping 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS -ing form: drop -e, add -ing END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? -e NO -ed form: add -d hope (a)

35 35 CHAPTER CONTENT learn learning helping helphelped learned 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS add -ing END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? Two ConsonantsNO add -ed (b) Two consonants

36 36 CHAPTER CONTENT heat heating heated rained raining rain 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS add -ing END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? Two Vowels + One Consonant NO add -ed (c) Two vowels + one consonant

37 37 CHAPTER CONTENT planning planned stopping plan stoppedstop 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS add -ing END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? One Vowel + One Consonant YES add -ed (d) ONE-SYLLABLE VERBS Double the consonant and

38 38 CHAPTER CONTENT vis it offering offered visiting offer visited 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS add -ing END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? One Vowel + One Consonant NO add -ed (e) TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS First syllable stressed

39 39 CHAPTER CONTENT preferredprefer admitting admitted preferring admit 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS add -ing END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? One Vowel + One Consonant YES add -ed (f) TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS Second syllable stressed, double the consonant

40 40 CHAPTER CONTENT playedplay enjoying enjoyed playing enjoy 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO keep the -y (g) vowel + -y -y

41 41 CHAPTER CONTENT worriedworry studying studied worrying study 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO -y + -ing (h) consonant + -y -y -i + -ed -y

42 42 CHAPTER CONTENT dieddie tying tied dying tie 2-5 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB -y + -ing (i) -ie add -d

43 43 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-5 Lets Practice -ING form ________ rain -ED form ________ raining rained

44 44 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-5 Lets Practice -ING form _________ study -ED form _________ studying studied

45 45 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-5 Lets Practice -ING form _____ lie -ED form _____ lying lied Please dont lie to me!

46 46 CHAPTER CONTENT They became friends. 2-6 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB

47 47 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-6 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB SIMPLE FORM Regular VerbsIrregular Verbs finish hope try Simple Form No final –s, –ed, or –ing see sing go

48 48 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-6 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB SIMPLE PAST Regular VerbsIrregular Verbs finished hoped tried Simple Past –ed for regular verbs saw sang went

49 49 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-6 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB PAST PARTICIPLE Regular VerbsIrregular Verbs finished hoped tried Past Participle –ed for regular verbs seen sung gone perfect tenses & passive

50 50 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-6 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB PRESENT PARTICIPLE Regular VerbsIrregular Verbs finishing hoping trying Present Participle –ing for all verbs seeing singing going used with progressive tenses

51 51 CHAPTER CONTENT Somebody spent all my money. 2-7 IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST

52 52 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: awake SIMPLE PAST: awoke PAST PARTICIPLE: awoken

53 53 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: forget SIMPLE PAST: forgot PAST PARTICIPLE: forgotten

54 54 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: shave SIMPLE PAST: shaved PAST PARTICIPLE: shaved/shaven

55 55 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: throw SIMPLE PAST: threw PAST PARTICIPLE: thrown

56 56 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 Lets Practice SIMPLE FORM: give SIMPLE PAST: _____ gave PAST PARTICIPLE: _____ given

57 57 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 Lets Practice SIMPLE FORM: sit SIMPLE PAST: ___ sat PAST PARTICIPLE: ___ sat

58 58 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 Lets Practice SIMPLE FORM: think SIMPLE PAST: _______ thought PAST PARTICIPLE: _______ thought

59 59 CHAPTER CONTENT He ran to work yesterday. He was running when the bus drove by. 2-8 THE SIMPLE PAST AND THE PAST PROGRESSIVE

60 60 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-8 THE SIMPLE PAST AND THE PAST PROGRESSIVE THE SIMPLE PAST X (a) Edgar ran to work yesterday. (b) Pat drove to work this morning. began and ended at particular time in the past

61 61 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-8 THE SIMPLE PAST AND THE PAST PROGRESSIVE THE PAST PROGRESSIVE (c) Edgar was running when the bus drove by. (d) They were eating when I got home. in progress was/were + -ing X X

62 62 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-8 THE SIMPLE PAST AND THE PAST PROGRESSIVE THE PAST PROGRESSIVE (e) When the bus drove by, Edgar was running. (f) The bus drove by while Edgar was running. when = at that time while = during that time X X

63 63 CHAPTER CONTENT He wasnt studying. 2-9 FORMS OF THE PAST PROGRESSIVE

64 64 CHAPTER CONTENT was not talking. wasnt talking. NEGATIVE STATEMENT I-She-He-It 2-9 FORMS OF THE PAST PROGRESSIVE was talking. You-We-Theywere talking. I-She-He-It You-We-Theywere not talking. werent talking.

65 65 CHAPTER CONTENT QUESTION SHORT ANSWER I-she-he-it talking?Was Yes, No, 2-9 FORMS OF THE PAST PROGRESSIVE you-we-they talking?Were I-she-he-it was. I-she-he-itwasnt. Yes, No, you-we-they were. you-we-theywerent.

66 66 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-9 Lets Practice Yesterday, the camels ___________ in the desert. walk were walking

67 67 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-9 Lets Practice At 8:00, we began to work. At 8:30, we ____________. work were working

68 68 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-9 Lets Practice Spot __________ at Mac. Mac _____________ at Spot. was looking look wasnt looking Spot Mac

69 69 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES Our son called while we were using the computer.

70 70 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES (a) After I exercised, I took a shower. (b) I took a shower after I exercised. (a) time clausemain clause time clause main clause time clausemain clause

71 71 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES (a) After I exercised, I took a shower. (b) I took a shower after I exercised. (b) main clausetime clause main clause time clausemain clause

72 72 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES (c) I took a shower after I exercised. (d) Before I took a shower, I exercised. after before until as soon as while when subject and verb a time clause + =

73 73 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES (e) I exercised I took a shower. (f) I exercised, I took a shower. until = to that time and no longer as soon as = immediately after until As soon as

74 74 CHAPTER CONTENT main clause + comma + time clause When Mary came home, I was studying. 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES (g) Mary came home I was studying. (h) while time clause + comma + main clause

75 75 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES First: I rang the doorbell Then: it played music (i) When I rang the doorbell, it played music. when allows simple past in both clauses

76 76 CHAPTER CONTENT two actions at the same time past progressive okay in both 2-10 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES (j) She was learning to ski while he was playing golf.

77 77 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 Lets Practice While we ___________, our children ____________ school. attend work were working were attending

78 78 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 Lets Practice Lynn _________ while she __________ a book. fall asleep was reading read fell asleep

79 79 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-10 Lets Practice First: I went shopping. Then: I put the food away. After _____________, ________________. I went shopping I put the food away ________________ after ______________. I went shoppingI put the food away

80 80 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-11 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO He used to be a baby, but now he is man with a family.

81 81 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-11 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO (a) I used to swim every afternoon. Now I work in the afternoon. (b) Fatima used to play piano, but now she plays the violin. (c) Jasmine used to laugh, but she doesnt anymore. used to past situations no longer exist used to + simple form of a verb

82 82 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-11 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO (d) Did you used to swim every afternoon? ( OR Did you use to swim every afternoon?) did + subject + used to ( OR did + subject + use to)

83 83 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-11 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO (e) I didnt used to swim every day, but now I swim every afternoon. (f) Fatima never used to love school, but now she loves it. For negative ideas, never is more common.

84 84 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-11 Lets Practice Correct? The children used to swam in the ocean.

85 85 CHAPTER CONTENT The children used to swim in the ocean.The children used to swam in the ocean. 2-11 Lets Practice Correct? No

86 86 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-11 Lets Practice Correct? Were you used to ask questions in school?

87 87 CHAPTER CONTENT 2-11 Lets Practice Correct? Were you used to ask questions in school? No Did you used to ask questions in school?

88 88 CHAPTER CONTENT Images used under license from: Shutterstock, Inc. Clipart, Inc. PHOTO CREDITS Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.


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