Presentation on theme: "The Perfect Tenses … clearing up a little confusion."— Presentation transcript:
The Perfect Tenses … clearing up a little confusion
Present Perfect Form Present tense of have (agrees with subject) Past participle of main verb Examples: Have talked Has run
The Present Perfect Function (Type 1)
The Present Perfect Function (Type 2)
The Present Perfect Function (Type 3)
Present Perfect Progressive Form Present tense of have (agrees with subject) Past participle of BE (been) Present Participle of main verb Examples: Have been talking Has been running
The Present Perfect Progressive Function
Past Perfect Form Past tense of have (had - always) Past participle of main verb Examples: Had talked Had run
Past Perfect Tense Function We use the past perfect, usually in combination with the simple past, to express an activity that finished before a second activity started. The first activity in time is in the past perfect tense. The second activity in time is in the simple past tense. The activities are somehow related. This relationship connects them.
Past Perfect Examples
Past Perfect Progressive Form Past tense of have (had - always) Past participle of BE (been) Present Participle of main verb Examples: Had been talking Had been running
Past Perfect Progressive Function This tense is similar to the present perfect progressive in that it emphasizes the duration of an activity. Its like the past perfect in that the action it is expressing started before a second action. It was in progress before the second action.
Past Perfect Progressive Examples
Past Perfect Progressive Trickiness! This tense can also be used to express an action that is not in progress now, but has just recently stopped. We know this because we can see the results now. It was clear that she had been running. She was out of breath. Im sure she had been crying. Her eyes were red.
Where are the perfect tenses? You have just watched a PowerPoint that aims to clarify your understanding of the perfect tenses. Choosing the correct tense is difficult for many students, even if they have been studying English for several years. When choosing a tense, you must think about everything you have learned about time, meaning, and signal words. Good luck!!!