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One laptop per child One Laptop per Child Walter Bender 12 March 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "One laptop per child One Laptop per Child Walter Bender 12 March 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 one laptop per child One Laptop per Child Walter Bender 12 March 2008

2 one laptop per child Technology is anything invented after you were born. Alan Kay

3 one laptop per child

4 a global transformation of education It's about giving children who don't have the opportunity for learning that opportunity: so it's about access; it's about equity; and it's about giving the next generation of children in the developing world a bright and open future.

5 one laptop per child children lack opportunity, not capability 1. High-quality education for every child is essential to provide an equitable and viable society; 2. A connected laptop computer is the most powerful tool for knowledge creation; 3. Access on a sufficient scale provides real benefits for learning.

6 one laptop per child



9 a vaccine is an agent of change. Jonas Salk made the analogy between education reform and immunology: both require scale and reach in order to be successful.

10 one laptop per child a connected laptop is not a cure but it is an agency through which children, their teachers, their families, and their communities can manufacture a cure. They are tools with which to think, sufficiently inexpensive to be used for work and play, drawing, writing, and mathematics.

11 one laptop per child three traits we humans all share 1. we learn (and teach); 2. we express; and 3. we are social.

12 one laptop per child an expression machine 1. appropriate; 2. debug; 3. collaborate and critique.

13 one laptop per child five principles 1. child ownershipuse of the laptop at home; 2. low agesages 6 to 12low floor, no ceiling; 3. saturation and 4. connectioncollaborative and community; 5. free and openthe child is an active participant in a global learning community.

14 one laptop per child in mathematics, our children live in a linguistic desert.Minsky The typical vocabulary of school-mathematics is remarkably small: children learn some nouns and verbssuch as addition, fraction, quotient, divisor, rectangle, parallelogram, and cylinder, equation, variable, function, and graph. It isnt enough just to learn nouns; one also needs adequate adjectives: linear; discrete; isomorphic; etc.

15 one laptop per child looking beyond instruction: expressing, constructing, designing, modeling, imagining, creating, critiquing, debugging, collaborating

16 one laptop per child exploring, expressing, and sharing web browser ebook reader chat rich media / music / video games word processing Journal wiki graphics; rich media creation programming: Logo; Etoys; Scratch; Python; Csound; Forth; Javascript

17 one laptop per child let them have cell phones

18 one laptop per child Zoom Interface friends view home view

19 one laptop per child Collaborative Interface We leverage the mesh network to enable collaborative learning the presence of children and teachers as collaborators and critiques is always present in the interface.

20 one laptop per child Journal

21 one laptop per child Transparency is empowering. Free and open- source software (and content) gives children and their teachers the freedom to reshape, reinvent, and reapply. appropriate to appropriate

22 one laptop per child Technological incumbency Calestous Juma Resistance to new technologies is strongest when it is perceived that the negative impacts will emerge in the short-run while the benefits will be realized in the long-run. The central policy challenge therefore is how to manage the interactions between new technologies and incumbent social and economic systems.

23 one laptop per child Frederick the Great re coffee It is disgusting to see the quantity of coffee used by my subjects, and the amount of money that goes out of the country… If possible, this must be prevented. My people must drink beer. His Majesty was brought up on beer, and so were his ancestors. Many battles have been fought and won on soldiers nourished on beer; and the King does not believe that coffee-drinking soldiers can be depended upon to ensure hardship or to beat his enemies in case of the occurrence of another war.

24 one laptop per child Jumas lessons from history perceptions of risks and benefits demonization and prohibition innovation and problem-solving compatibility with tradition threats to social order trade and trust

25 one laptop per child Sometimes the riskiest path is the status quo. Hassounah

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