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Bender Visual Motor Gestalt. Card A Card 1 Card 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Bender Visual Motor Gestalt. Card A Card 1 Card 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bender Visual Motor Gestalt

2 Card A

3 Card 1

4 Card 2

5 Card 3

6 Card 4

7 Card 5

8 Card 6

9 Card 7

10 Card 8

11 Interpretive Factors Sequence Sequence –Expected order: left to right, top to bottom –Deviations such as Shifts in expected progression (Cards A and 1 are left to right, card 2 is below card one, card 3 is next to card 1) Shifts in expected progression (Cards A and 1 are left to right, card 2 is below card one, card 3 is next to card 1) –Normal – methodical sequence –Abnormal Overly concerned with organization (e.g. measuring Overly concerned with organization (e.g. measuring

12 distance between figures, possibly obsessive distance between figures, possibly obsessive –Indecisiveness –Excessive rigidity –Covert feelings of inadequacy –Compulsive doubting Irregular – lack of control, possibly bipolar or impulse control disorder Irregular – lack of control, possibly bipolar or impulse control disorder –Low frustration tolerance –High latent anxiety –Indecisiveness –Borderline ego control –Impulsiveness Left to right organization possibly rebellious Left to right organization possibly rebellious

13 Position of first drawing Position of first drawing –Normal is within upper third of page –Egocentric – within 3 inch square of center of paper –Abnormal – within one inch of edge of paper –Shows orientation of individual to his/her world –Center of the page, especially enlarged Narcissism Narcissism Egocentrism Egocentrism Passive oppositionalism Passive oppositionalism

14 Use of space Use of space –Space between drawings Excessive space Excessive space –Immaturity –Acting out Constricted space Constricted space –Passive –Withdrawn –Schizoid tendencies Collision Collision –Running together or overlapping figures

15 –Broadest terms – loss of control –Poor anticipatory planning –Difficulty with figure/ground relationships Could be neurological (cortical dysfunction) Could be neurological (cortical dysfunction) –Impulsivity Shift in position of the paper – rotation of paper Shift in position of the paper – rotation of paper –Latent or passive oppositional tendencies Closure difficulty – difficulty joining parts Closure difficulty – difficulty joining parts –Difficulty maintaining relationships

16 –Fearfulness in relationships –Emotional disturbance Crossing difficulty – difficulty crossing lines in figures 6 and 7 Crossing difficulty – difficulty crossing lines in figures 6 and 7 –Psychological blocking (preventing decisions) –Indecisiveness –Compulsive doubting –Phobias Curvature Difficulty – obvious change in curves Curvature Difficulty – obvious change in curves

17 –Emotional disturbance –Increased curves – emotionality –Decreases – repression of emotions –Can indicate depression Change in angulations – angle of part of figure 15% or more from card Change in angulations – angle of part of figure 15% or more from card –Problems with emotional control –Problems with impulse control –Associated with organic brain damage, particularly when more severe

18 Perceptual rotation – entire figure rotated while card and paper are in standard positions Perceptual rotation – entire figure rotated while card and paper are in standard positions –Severe – disturbance in ego functioning –Often in people who are psychotic –Sometimes oppositional –Clockwise – can indicate depression if mild –Counterclockwise – can indicate oppositional tendencies if mild

19 Retrogression – substitute more primitive Gestalt form (dashes for dots) Retrogression – substitute more primitive Gestalt form (dashes for dots) –Defense against trauma – failure of ego Some types of schizophrenia Some types of schizophrenia –Anxiety and poor defenses –Always indicates severe pathology in adults

20 Simplification Simplification –Reduce involvement in an external task, reduce energy expended –Often related to organic problems Fragmentation Fragmentation –Unfinished or incomplete –Problems in abstract thinking or synthesizing gestalts

21 Overlapping Difficulty Overlapping Difficulty –Overlap when not in stimulus card –Failure to overlap –Usually associated with brain damage Elaboration or Doodling Elaboration or Doodling –Impulse control –Intense anxiety

22 Preservation Preservation –Marked difficulty in ego control Redrawing Total Figure Redrawing Total Figure –Absence of adequate anticipatory planning –Temporal brain damage –Also associated with obsessive behavior

23 Case 1 Card A

24 Card 1

25 Card 1 Enhanced

26 Card 2

27 Card 3

28 Card 4

29 Card 5

30 Card 6

31 Card 6 Enhanced

32 Card 7

33 Card 8

34 Case 2

35 Case 2 Enhanced


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