Presentation on theme: "Silesia. Positive Energy. Presentation about Silesian October 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Silesia. Positive Energy. Presentation about Silesian October 2011
GENERAL INFORMATION The Voivodeship of Silesia is situated in the southern part of Poland. The region neighbours Slovakia and Czech Republics from the south, Opole province from the west, the voivodeship of Lodz from the north, Małopolskie and Świętokrzyskie voivodeships from the east. The area of the voivodeship covers 12 300 km2, and the number of inhabitants is almost 5 million. The Voivodeship is the 14th largest, and 2nd most populous in Poland
GENERAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE Thanks to the most developed transport network the Katowice Region is conveniently situated for travel by car. The Voivodeship's transport attractiveness is even higher due to the International Airport in Pyrzowice. The "Katowice: IAP has direct international connections with, among others, Frankfurt and Düsseldorf and via these airports practically with the whole world. The permanent growth in the number of connection is observed, including with such cities as Dortmund, Dublin, Cologne, London, Milan, Paris, Rome, cities in Asia and Africa. There are two passenger terminals ( one opened in July 2007) and the cargo Terminal, opened in 2004. The airport in Katowice has a very fast growth of passenger traffic- almost 3,6 mln passengers a year. About 30 regular connections are operating here served by EuroLOT, LOT, Lufthansa, Wizz Air. Additionally, there is another small airport in the Muchowiec district with an operating grassy runway. It is going to be reconstructed into a modern airport soon. Katowice has a well developed railway system served by InterCity and EuroCity. The travelling speed and high frequency of the trains to Katowice from other cities in Poland and Europe is a great facility for passengers.
KATOWICE Katowice – the capital of the region is located in the centre of the Voivodeship. The city covers 165 km2, whereas the number of inhabitants is above 300 000. It is the main centre of the Upper Silesia Industrial Region. Katowice and the whole region traditionally have been connected with heavy industry. Recently a lot of hard coal mines and steelworks were closed. The remaining seven coal mines were joined into Katowice Holding Company. The heavy industry including energy sector altogether still generates above 25% of the citiy`s real property tax receipts. Buildings, which formerly belonged to industrials plants are transformed into shops, supermarkets, museums and entertainment centres. For example, on the site of the former coal mine Gottwald- the Silesia City Center was created – now one of the biggest and the most exclusive shopping centre in Poland, and on the site of the former coal mine Katowice the Silesia Museum is being built.
ECONOMY Until quite recently most citizens in Europe – while thinking of the Silesia Region, have had a typical industrial region in front of their eyes. However, restructuring in the recent years has caused systematic changes in the economic structure of the Voivodeship. Now it is one of the most dynamically developing regions in Poland. 13% of Poland's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is generated here, giving the Voivodeship the second highest rank in Poland. GDP per inhabitant is higher than the national average. What is worth mentioning, the share of market and non- market services is significant, ranking Silesia first in Poland
ECONOMY It was clearly noticeable that great process of technical transformation has been carried out in the economy here. The economic transformations going on in the region have resulted in a significant change in the structure of the gross added value (the newly produced value) generated in the region. Over 430,000 national economy entities are registered in the Silesian Voivodeship. The largest part is comprised of natural persons running a business activity and companies and commercial law partnerships. The least numerous is the group of state-owned enterprises. The whole industry reports a decreased share of mining and metallurgy, which until recently were predominant in the economy of the Voivodeship.The role of the sector of small and medium –sized enterprises is increasing systematically, creating new possibilities for employment in various branches. At the same time this process generates the groups of employees being more resistant to economy changes.
ECONOMY Undoubtedly, the Silesian Voivodeship's strong points are modernity and innovations. Traditional Silesian industrial branches were the basis on which new enterprisers were developed. There is also enormous potential in the qualified working staff in the area. The whole industry reports an increased share of the electro-engineering industry, the information technology industry, power industry and the most rapid growth, the automotive industry and food industry. The vision of development stresses the necessity to improve the quality of public services and the economic development of the region, at the same time being a continuation of already implemented paths of development of the voivodeship. On the basis of this vision strategic objectives have been set, followed by specification of the directions of actions and undertakings towards the increase in employment, innovations, new technologies, know-how and competitiveness in international markets.
CULTURE The culture of the Silesian Voivodeship is characterized by diversity resulting from the intermingling of different cultural traditions and new forms of expressions presented by modern creators. Our Voivodeship is a multicultural area, shaped by the influences of its residents of Polish, German, Czech and Jewish origin (the history of the region and the social processes in progress are typical for border areas). It is a region of culturally-diversified areas and strong ethnic identity.
CULTURE The examples are small wooden churches of unique construction found in three regions in Poland but in the Silesian Province there are more of them than in entire Europe. There are also monuments of industrial culture such as factory complexes in Giszowiec, Nikiszowiec, Sosnowiec and underground excavations in Tarnowskie Góry, Zabrze and Rybnik. The number of technological monuments is estimated at several thousands. In addition there are monuments of habitable architecture (e.g. 38 urban matches, the Secession of Bytom) and landscape arrangements (among them 98 parks). Borders which crossed this region were changed many times but they left distinctive military architecture monuments ranging from fortified castles situated in the Kraków - Częstochowa Upland to the Silesian fortified region dated in the 1930s.
CULTURE The "Technology monuments route in the Silesian Province" waits for all interested parties; there are old mines, steelworks, power stations and factories on the route which are the important part of history and industrial traditions of the region. Saved from pulling down or devastation these monuments of industrial heritage are tourist attractions of the region. Additionally wooden churches signed on the "Wooden architecture route" and the "Military architecture route" which is still being elaborated, are also worth visiting At the Historical Silver-Mine in Tarnowskie Góry the widespread maze of partially flooded underground, once coal-mine headings and workings are waiting for visitors.The tourist route includes the part of 270 m drifted in vessels. Within the area adjacent to the mine, there is the steam engine heritage park.
CULTURE There are two monumental buildings in Zabrze : The underground route Guido, the "Queen Louise" Mining Heritage Park and the Coal Mining Museum. It is the complex of monumental mining objects with the possibility of visiting the underground headings and workings dating back to the beginning of 19th century, travelling by the underground railway as well as the presentation of the monumental and contemporary mining devices in operation. The project Zabrze – a city for tourists` needs carried out with the use of European funds is aimed at adapting existing monuments to tourists` needs. A possibility of visiting the Tychy Princes' Brewery and Museum of Brewing Industry in Tychy is the additional attraction as well as the Museum of Brewing Industry, the only in Poland, that presents the history of beer dating back to 1629 in an original and modern manner and the Tychy Princes' Brewery. The visit ends in tasting of beer.
CULTURE The voivodeship has a strong cultural base, consisting of 1,349 cultural institutions and establishments owned by 185 local government units of the Silesian Voivodeship, 18 of which were established by the local government of the Silesian Voivodeship. Among 18 artistic institutions owned by the local government of the Silesian Voivodeship, there are 3 theatres: drama theatre - Theatre of Silesia in Katowice, musical theatre - Theatre of Entertainment in Chorzów, and opera theatre - Silesian Opera in Bytom where premieres are usually great events and where educational activities are carried out. Thanks to such activities spectators have the possibility to admire the most impressive preformances from all over the country.
CULTURE The Silesian Opera in Bytom is the organizer of the Adam Didur Opera Singers Competition, which in 2004 for the first time had an international dimension. The Opera, as the first institution of that kind in Poland was awarded a Platinium Record for the recording of "Nabucco" by G. Verdi in 2003 The Silesian Philharmonic is the organizer of the Grzegorz Fitelberg International Contest for Conductors, which was organized for the eighth time in 2007 under the honourable auspices of the President of the Republic of Poland.
CULTURE The Cinematic Institution "Silesia Film" operates in the field of cinema culture popularization. In the organizational framework of the institution, after thorough restructuring of the "Kosmos" cinema, a modern Cinema Centre with the Silesian Film Library was established in Katowice in 2006, and in 2005 the "Rialto" cinema-theatre was modernized. The Voivodeship's self-government handed over the "Silesia Film" 1 mln PLN to assist film production which was the initiative aimed at supporting the audiovisual production carried out by K. Kutz, Lech Majewski, Magdalena Piekorz, Andrzej Celiński to promote young talented film producers.
CULTURE One of the crucial tasks undertaken by the Silesian Voivodeship is to promote the culture outside the region and the country through presentations of various areas of art, and through international cooperation in this field. This task is fulfilled by the Ars Cameralis Silesia Superioris Cultural Institution - the Upper Silesian Chamber Art Festival, the only one of its kind in voivodeship local governments. It mainly organizes presentations of the culture of our region within cooperation agreements signed with European regions ( for example in 2001 and 2003 – the Silesian Voivodeship Culture Days held in North Nadrenia-Westfalia and the Silesian Voivodeship Culture Days in Sweden in 2003. Another promoter of our culture abroad is the Stanisław Hadyna Śląsk Song and Dance Ensemble, which in 2003 was awarded the Diploma of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Outstanding Contributions to the Promotion of Poland in the World. The Silesian Opera in Bytom regularly tour Europe.
CUISINE What makes Silesian cuisine most famous is its cuisine. Upper Silesia, similarly to other regions of Poland, has got its own traditional recipes which have been passed down from one generation to another. Of all the simple Silesian dishes the best known is zur (soup made from fermented barley with potatoes and eggs), beaf roll stuffed with bacon, pickled cucumber and mustard and round shaped dumplings made from boiled, grated and mashed potatoes The Beskid Mountains are best-known for knuckle of pork stewed in beer with plenty of vegetables. There are also two popular soups: the local variety of żur, rye-flour soup with whey, and kwaśnica, a soup of brined cabbage with plenty of pork meat (some of it smoked). pork meat (some of it smoked). The kitchen of the Tatran and Podhalanian highlanders would be difficult to imagine without the famous ewe's-milk cheeses: bundz and oscypek. The region is also famous for its brewing traditions – it is here where the best known beer brands are Żywiec and Tyskie.
EDUCATION The regional educational base comprises the network of 3,475 educational units of all the levels of education which is the one-tenth of the countrys educational base. The largest number of pupils (43.8%) is educated in the vocational schools and a similar number (42.3) in grammar schools. The other 13.9% in the basic schools. The most popular branches of studies among the students are those associated with social sciences, economy and law. Teaching foreign languages starts early, in a primary school. It is English that is the most popular among the foreign languages taught as compulsory subjects. In the last years, a decrease of the youths interest in the basic vocational schools is observed and the turn to the secondary education, both the general and technical. Currently, in the post-secondary schools, the predominant group is made up of the IT graduates as well as the economic and administration. The educational system undertakes actions to meet the needs in terms of formal constant education in the region (with special emphasis on lifelong learning in the forms of the Third Age universities which educate elderly people
EDUCATION Young students can extend their horisons and develop their passions not only at schools but also in scientific institutions. One of them is Silesian Planetarium with the astronomical observatory in the Silesian Culture in the Recreation Park in Chorzów. It is the largest and oldest planetarium in Poland. It was founded in 1955 to commemorate the great astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. The Planetarium's meteorological and seismological stations conduct regular observations and host educational classes. The Planetarium's 23-meter dome can seat some four hundred spectators viewing projections of the sky from both analogue and digital planetarium projectors. It hosts regular public shows on astronomical topics as well as a variety of other events. The observatory conducts research on comets and minor planets. The Planetarium has an astronomical library of some 10,000 volumes and, in the courtyard, an impressive sundial. The corridors host astronomy-related exhibits. is equipped with a 300-mm diameter refracting telescope (the largest refractor in use in Poland) and a number of smaller instruments. On cloudless days, visitors can view live images of the Sun and, after dusk, a range of celestial objects at a magnification of up to 750 times.
EDUCATION The Śląskie Voivodeship is one of the largest academic centres in Poland. The Silesian Voivodeship is home to 46 higher schools, including 1 university, 4 higher schools of technology, 14 higher schools of economics, 2 higher schools of pedagogy, 1 medical academy, and 16 higher vocational schools, offering a wide range of specializations and studies. The large number of students chooses to study the branches associated with technology, industry and building engineering. Almost two hundred thousand students are regularly educated in the region, having possibility to gain practical knowledge and creative skills in order to adjust actions to the needs of the regional labor and education market. The Silesian Adam Graczyński Scholarship Funds assists every year the best students in the region.
SPORT The region boasts 31 Polish football champions, country bronze medals won by basket-ballers, hockey players, volley- ball players (men and women), hand-ball players (men and women), Any other region can not boast such achievements. Other sport disciplines popular here are also worth mentioning: athletics, skiing, biathlon, fencing, archery and acrobatics. In the Silesian Province neither outstanding well-known sportsmen nor sportswomen are lacking in all disciplines. Among summer sports it is football that plays the leading role. The Province has been represented in the Polish Premier League by clubs: Górnik Zabrze and Ruch Chorzów (both possess 14 Polish championship titles) They have numerous fans all over the country and abroad. It is here where the Górnik Zabrze club played great matches in the Polish and Cup competitions with such players as Włodzimierz Lubański, Stanisław Oślizło, Zygfryd Szołtysik, Jerzy Gorgoń, Hubert Kostka – whose the whole football Europe envied us. It is also difficult to forget about the legend of the BLUE club - Gerard Cieślik and his two excellent goals scored during the match with the USSR in 1957. Today there are three football teams in the extra-class, among the best are Ruch Chorzów, Górnik Zabrze and the precious one- Podbeskidzie Bielsko-Biała.
SPORT While describing sport life in the Silesia region we can not overlook the Silesian Stadium and the Sports Hall "Spodek, where great sport stars were received. The National Stadium in Chorzów is a special place for Polish sports fans. It is here where our footballers used to win, overcoming such competitors as the Soviet Union, England, Holland or Portugal. All those events were held with great applause of thousands of fans. It is also here where we gained successes three times in the World Cup and once in the Europe Cup. The Sports Hall "Spodek witnessed excellent basketball matches in the World League, and hosted the final tournament EUROBASKET 2009 and group competitions in Europe Women basketball championship. It is the venue for organizing plenty of cultural and sports events of international character.