Presentation on theme: "H OW TO F EED A B ABY A FTER 6 M ONTHS Dr. Otgonjargal NRC, PHI."— Presentation transcript:
H OW TO F EED A B ABY A FTER 6 M ONTHS Dr. Otgonjargal NRC, PHI
A GROWING CHILD NEEDS INCREASING AMOUNTS OF FOOD
F EED MORE AS THE BABY GROWS Initiation of complementary foods Texture: Soft porridge, well mashed food Frequency: 2 to 3 times each day plus frequent breastfeeds Amount at each meal : 2-3 tablespoonfuls at each meal
F EED MORE AS THE BABY GROWS From 6 up to 8 months Texture: Mashed food Frequency: 2 to 3 times each day plus frequent breastfeeds and 1 to 2 snacks Amount at each meal : increasing gradually to 2/3 of a 250 ml cup at each meal
W HEN YOUR BABY FIRST STARTS TO EAT Give your baby 1 or 2 tablespoons of soft food three times each day. Gradually increase the frequency, amount, thickness and variety of food.
E NERGY REQUIRED BY AGE AND THE AMOUNT SUPPLIED FROM BREAST MILK Energy (kcal/day) 1000 800 0-2 m3-5 m Age (months) Energy Gap Energy from breast milk 6-8 m9-11 m12-23 m 600 400 200 0 28/4
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 6-8 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Bantan with egg Meat30 gr Plan flour1 table spoon Broth soup2/3 cup Onion5 gr SaltTaste Vegetable oil1 table spoon Egg1/2 CarrotMedium size 1/5 NutrientsGramm Protein11.2 Fat13.2 Carbohydrate18.3 Calories 238.6 ccal Ingredients: Outcome: 200 ml
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 6-8 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 400 ml Potatoes porridge PotatoMedium size-1+1/2 Butter1/2 table spoon Meat soup1 cup Plan flour1 Tea spoon Yolk1/4 Milk2 table spoon TurnipMedium size-1/8 NutrientsGramm Protein5.7 Fat8.3 Carbohydrate43.0 Calories270.6 ccal
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 6-8 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 250 gr Apple mash Fresh appleMedium size 2 Sugar1 Tea spoon NutrientsGramm Protein1.2 Fat0 Carbohydrate43.9 Calories180.3 ccal
F EED MORE AS THE BABY GROWS From 9 up to 11 months Texture: Finely chopped or mashed food and foods that baby can pick up with his or her fingers Frequency: 3 to 4 times each day and 1 to 2 snacks between meals plus breastfeeds Amount at each meal : At least one half (1/2) up to 3/4 cup at each meal
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 9-11 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 200 gr Potatoes mash PotatoMedium size-1+1/2 Milk2 table spoon Salttaste Butter1 tea spoon NutrientsGramm Protein5.4 Fat6.3 Carbohydrate37.9 Calories228.8 ccal
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 9-11 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 200 gr Pot cheese (curd) with carrots CarrotMedium size 1+1/2 Pot cheese( curd)3 cup milk Sugar1 tea spoon NutrientsGramm Protein17.6 Fat9.0 Carbohydrate15.4 Calories213.1 ccal
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 9-11 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 400 ml Carrots porridge CarrotMedium size 1/8 PotatoesMedium size 1/2 TomatoMedium size 1/2 Meat soup1 cup Vegetable oil1table spoon Butter2 table spoon TurnipMedium size 1/8 Plan flour½ tea spoon NutrientsGramm Protein2.3 Fat14.3 Carbohydrate9.7 Calories176.6 ccal
F EED MORE AS THE BABY GROWS From 12 up to 24 months Texture: Family foods, chopped or mashed if necessary Frequency: 3 to 4 times each day and 1 to 2 snacks between meals plus breastfeeds Amount at each meal : Three-quarters (3/4) up to 1 full cup at each meal These amounts are in addition to breastfeeds. If baby is not breastfed, give in addition: 1-2 cups of milk per day, and 1-2 extra meals per day. Adapt the chart to use a suitable local cup/bowl to show the amount. One cup = 250mls; one tablespoon = 10mls.
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 12-24 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 100 gr Meat50gr PotatoesMedium size 1 OnionMedium size 1/10 Butter1/2 tea spoon Toasted bread1 slice Nutrients Gramm Protein12.1 Fat8.5 Carbohydrate24.1 Calories220.6 ccal Potatoes casserole
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR 12-24 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 100 gr Liver mash Lamb liver80 gr OnionMedium size 1/8 CarrotMedium size 1/6 Milk1 table spoon Butter1 tea spoon NutrientsGramm Protein14.8 Fat9.1 Carbohydrate6.1 Calorie163.3 ccal
If still breastfeeding, give more frequent, longer breastfeeds, day and night. Encourage the baby to eat a variety of (his or her) favourite soft foods. Your baby needs more food and liquids while he or she is sick
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR MALNOURISHED CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 250 ml Vegetables porridge CarrotMedium size-1/8 Potato Medium size-1/2 TomatoMedium size-1/2 Meat soup1 cup Butter2 table spoon Plan flourTea spoon-1/2 TurnipMedium size-1/8 NutrientsGramm Protein2.3 Fat14.3 Carbohydrate9.7 Calorie176.6 ccal
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR MALNOURISHED CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 100 gr Steamed rice with carrot and raisin Rice1+1/2 table spoon CarrotMedium size 2/3 Milk5 table spoon Butter½ tea spoon Raisin1 table spoon Sugar1+1/2 tea spoon Sour cream1 tea spoon NutrientsGramm Protein7.5 Fat8.9 Carbohydrate50.6 Calorie352.7 ccal
PECIPES OF COMPLEMENTARY FOODS FOR MALNOURISHED CHILDREN Ingredients: Outcome: 200 ml Nutrient rich porridge Acid milk2/3 cup Pot cheese( curd)1 table spoon Farina (made from wheat) 1 table spoon Potato flour1/8 tea spoon Sugar1 tea spoon Butter1 tea spoon NutrientsGramm Protein5.7 Fat10.7 Carbohydrate26.9 Calorie 226.8 ccal
T HINGS TO REMEMBER Between the age of 6 months and 2 years a child needs to continue breastfeeding. If you are not breastfeeding, feed your baby two cups (500 ml total) of milk every day. Avoid giving a baby tea, coffee, soda and sugary or coloured drinks. Limit amount of fresh juices. Always feed the baby using a clean open cup. Do not use bottles, teats or cup with a mouth piece.
S AFE PREPARATION AND STORAGE Wash your hands with running water and soap before preparing food, and before feeding your baby. Babys hands should be washed also. Wash your hands after changing nappies or going to the toilet. Wash all bowls, cups and utensils with clean water and soap. Keep covered before using. Prepare food in a clean area and keep it covered. A baby should have his or her own cup and bowl. Serve food immediately after preparation. Thoroughly reheat any food that has been kept for more than an hour.
Babies gradually learn to feed themselves. An adult or an older child should encourage the baby to eat enough food and ensure that the food remains clean.