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Complementary feeding Complementary feeding Bridging the gaps TM.

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Presentation on theme: "Complementary feeding Complementary feeding Bridging the gaps TM."— Presentation transcript:

1 Complementary feeding Complementary feeding Bridging the gaps TM.

2 Complementary feeding Giving other foods in addition to breast milk Breast milk only is not sufficient To fill the gaps breast milk will replaced by family foods

3 Complementary food should be: Rich in energy and nutrients Clean and safe Easy to prepare from family foods Locally available and affordable

4 When should complementary foods be started? At 6 months The age when the digestive system is mature enough to digest a range of foods

5 When should complementary foods be started? Children : – Can control their tongues better – Start to make up and down munching movement – Start to get teeth – Like to put things in their mouths and are interested in new tastes Training materialProject Satellite

6 What are good complementary foods? – Rich in energy, protein – Micronutrient – Vitamin A, iron, Vitamin C – Clean and safe – Not too peppery or salty

7 Staple food/energy giving food/feculent Main food eaten Cereals – Rice – Wheat – Maize Roots – Potato – Sweet potato – cassava

8 Pulses Good sources of protein Examples – Lentils – Broad beans – Chick pea Training materialProject Satellite

9 Food from animals Meat Chicken Fish Liver Milk + milk products eggs Training materialProject Satellite

10 Dark green leafy vegetables Good sources of iron and Vitamin A – Pumpkin leaves – Chayote “Chouchou” leaves – Spinach – Amaranthus ( brede malbar)

11 Orange coloured vegetables and fruits Orange coloured vegetables – Carrot – Pumpkin – zucchini Orange coloured fruits – Mango – Pawpaw – orange

12 High iron food Liver Animal flesh – red meat Foods fortified with iron – Fortified infant cereals Iron absorption is increased by: – Eating foods rich in vitamin C – Animal source iron

13 To increase energy value of food Thin watery food will not contain enough energy and nutrients To make food more energy and nutrient dense, – Cook with less water – make thicker porridge

14 To increase energy value of food – Replace the water with milk – Add extra energy and nutrients Powder milk powder, margarine, butter – Toast cereal grains before grinding them into flour It will not thicken much Training materialProject Satellite

15 Filling the gaps A mixture of complementary foods is the best way to fill the gaps For the healthy growth and development During a day, a good mixture is – Staple food + pulse + animal food + green leaves or an orange coloured vegetable or fruit

16 Example of a day’s complementary food 3 meals: – A morning meal of cereal porridge – A midday meal of rice + beans + orange – An evening meal of rice + fish (or liver) + green leaves 2 snacks: – Banana – Bread with margarine

17 How food items can fill in the gaps? Food itemsGaps filled pulseProtein, small effect on iron gap, oil seeds will have an effect on energy gap fruitImproves iron absorption, little effect on vit A gap fishFills protein gap, small effect on iron gap, improves iron absorption Dark green leafy vegetablesProvides some iron, fills vit A gap liverFills protein gap, fills iron gap, fills vitamin A gap Training materialProject Satellite

18 Good snacks Mashed ripe banana, paw-paw, avocado, mango and other fruits Yoghurt, milk, puddings made with milk Bread or chappati with butter, margarine Biscuit, crackers Baked potatoes Training materialProject Satellite

19 drinks Drinks for young children should be clean and safe – Boil water, wash fruit before juicing – Drinks should not replace solid food or breast milk – If drinks are given with meal, Give drinks at the end of meals – Teas and coffee reduce iron absorbtion Training materialProject Satellite

20 How much and how often? Start by giving one or two teaspoon twice daily Gradually increase the amount and variety (by 9 months, a child should be eating a variety of family foods Training materialProject Satellite

21 Rice pudding with peach Rice Pudding with Peach Preparation : 5 minutes Cooking : minutes Time total : minutes Equipment : Saucepan Shopping 1 fresh ripe peach (approximately 110g, stone removed) 30g uncooked risotto rice 60 ml (4tbsp) of baby’s usual milk* Training materialProject Satellite

22 Rice pudding with peach Recipe details 1. Wash, peel, stone and finely dice the peach. 2. Place the diced peach, rice and milk into a saucepan with 100ml water. Heat gently and bring to the boil, then simmer for minutes until the rice is tender, stirring occasionally. Do not add any sugar. Suggestions/tips Good to know: To increase your baby’s milk consumption, replace the water with baby’s usual milk. *This can be expressed breast milk or follow-on formula made up as per instructions on pack. Training materialProject Satellite

23 Vegetable pilaff Preparation : 5 minutes Cooking : 10 minutes Time total : 15 minutes Equipment : Frying pan Food processor Shopping 1 small onion, finely chopped (approximately 60g) 30g red pepper 50g dried apricots 15ml (1 tbsp) rapeseed or olive oil 5ml (1 tsp) mild curry powder 160g cooked basmati rice 50g frozen peas 75ml natural yoghurt (approximately half a small carton) Training materialProject Satellite

24 Vegetable pilaff Recipe details 1. Finely chop the onion and pepper and apricots. 2. Heat the oil in the frying pan and gently sauté the onion and pepper with the curry powder. 3. Stir in the cooked basmati, peas and apricots, heat gently, stirring until warmed through. 4. Stir in the yoghurt. Mash the mixture or blend in a food processor to make a chunky mixture. Suggestions/tips If you wish to freeze the second portion omit the natural yoghurt, then simply freeze the remaining portion in a clean sealable container. Other delicious vegetables to include are okra, courgette, carrot, in fact, any of your child’s favourites. Training materialProject Satellite


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