Presentation on theme: "Wild Vegetables Collected, Photographed and Compiled by- Jyotsna Vijapurkar, Anuja Farkade and Ankita Patel. Thanks to Ritesh Khunyakari for consultations."— Presentation transcript:
Wild Vegetables Collected, Photographed and Compiled by- Jyotsna Vijapurkar, Anuja Farkade and Ankita Patel. Thanks to Ritesh Khunyakari for consultations.
Acknowledgement We thank all the people who contributed directly or indirectly to this compilation. We would like to give special thanks to the wonderfully helpful vendors Devaki. Kamlibai and Parvati Thakre and Pinky. Many colleagues have helped in updating this site: Pooja Konde, Gunjali Sharma and Rajkumar Diwakar deserve special thanks. Manoj Nair helped in maintaining this site.
Introduction We have collected some wild leafy vegetables available in and around Mumbai, mainly during the rains. This is an ongoing project - we welcome your feedback, questions, suggestions and contributions to this collection. In particular, we are looking for Latin names, other vernacular names and most of all.. recipes! * Specimens of these plants have been included in a herbarium maintained in our lab. * You can write to
Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum Common names: Sanskrit - Bharangi Bengali - Bhamunhati Hindi - Bharangi Tamil - Narivalai Family - Verbenaceae. The leaves are used as a vegetable. The root of this plant is used in Ayurveda for treating respiratory disorders.
Recipe Ingredients - Bharangi leaves, onion, garlic, dry red chillies, lemon (optional). Preparation - Boil leaves, drain. Heat oil in a pan, add onion, garlic and pieces of dry red chili. Stir fry until lightly browned. Add Bharangi leaves and cook for 5 minutes. Add salt to taste, Serve with a dash of lemon (optional). Recipe from Mangala Karnick
Safed musli Chlorophytum borivilianum Common names - Phodshi, Mulshi Family - Liliaceae It is commonly found in patches of forest areas all over India. The vendors say it grows on hillsides. It flowers in the month of August and September.
Recipe It can be cooked similar to Bharangi. Coarsely, ground raw soaked chana dal can be added; onions are optional.
Chiu (Portulaca oleracea) Common names: Bengali - Bara loniya Gujrati - Moti Hindi - Kulfa Marathi - Ghol Oriya - Puruni sag Tamil - Paruppu keerai Telgu - Pappu koora, Payal koora Kannada - Doddagooni soppu Malayalam - Karie cheera, ponnankani cheera Family - Portulacaceae(Moss rose)
Ingredients – Chiu, garlic, red chillies, curry leaves, onion, turmeric powder salt. Preparation - Wash, drain and chop chiu into small pieces. Heat oil, add garlic, red chillies and curry leaves. When garlic turns slightly brown, add finely chopped onion, 1/4 tsp turmeric powder, salt. Add leaves, cook on a low flame. Ayurvedic physicians recommend the juice of these leaves for some urinary tract disorders. Recipe Buds of Chiu Recipe by Sheela Padmanabhan.
Maath (Amaranthus spinosus) Common names- Sanskrit - Alpa-marisha Bengali - Kantamaris Gujarati - Kantanudant Telgu - Pacha koora Marathi - Katailchaulai, Jangli chaulai Malayalam - Kuppacheera or pacha cheera Family - Amaranthaceae continue...
In some parts of Maharashtra it is regularly consumed as a favourite dish, in which the leaves are steamed and mashed with a light seasoning of salt and red chillies.
I ngredients - Maath, coconut oil/any oil, garlic, green chillies, salt. Optional – egg, grated coconut, pepper powder. Preparation - Wash, drain and finely chop leaves and tender stems. Heat oil (preferably coconut oil), saute garlic and green chillies; add vegetable; salt according to taste. Sprinkle water, cover and cook on a low flame. When the leaf is done add a tablespoon of grated coconut. If desired an egg may be added at this stage and scrambled. Add black pepper according to taste. Recipe by Sheela Padmanabhan Recipe
Kurdu (Celosia argentea) Common Names - Silver Cockscomb, Flamingo Feathers Family- Amaranthaceae It grows abundantly wild in monsoons. Its use as a vegetable is common in some parts of Maharashtra. Ayurvedic physicians recommend the seeds of this plant for treating kidney stones.
Recipe Ingredients - Coarsely chopped/crushed groundnuts and kurdu leaves and tender stems, finely chopped crushed garlic and green chillies. Preparation - Heat oil, add the chopped ingredients and when they are cooked (i.e they no longer smell raw) add green chillies, turmeric, salt. Cook till tender. In-case, the leaves are old and tough, boil and drain them first and then proceed.
Taakla (Cassia tora/ Senna tora) Common names Sanskrit - Chakramarda, Taga Bengali & Oriya - Chakunda Gujrati - Kawaria Marathi - Takala Tamil - Tagarai Telugu - Chinnakasinda Malyalam - Chakramandrakam,takara Family - Fabaceae It is an annual herb, with a height of 30 to 90cm. It grows in warm moist soil throughout the tropical parts of India. Continued….
Recipe Takla chutney Ingredients - Takla leaves, cumin, raw coconut, green chillies Preparation - Wash, pluck leaves and tender shoots. Stir fry in a little oil till cooked. Let cool. Dry roast cumin lightly. Grind together the cumin, taakla, fresh grated coconut and green chillies. Lemon/yougurt may be added if desried.
Alu che Paan (Calocasia antiquorum) Common names - Arvi, Ghuiyan, Kachalu Family – Araceae It is a herb, that grows throughout the country. In Maharashtra, the leaves are called Alu che paan. Continued…
Recipe Ingredients – Alu che paan, gram flour, tamarind, red chili powder, turmeric, corriander, assafoetida and salt. Preparation - To make alu wadi first de-vein the leaves, prepare a paste of gram flour by adding tamarind, red chili powder, turmeric, coriander, assafoetida and salt to it, spread the paste of gram flour on the leaves, roll the leaves into logs and steam, then cut it into slices crosswise and shallow fry. It makes a nice snack. This recipe is popular in Maharashtra and Karnataka. * step by step preparation of this recipe can be viewed at
Bapta (Botanical name- ??? ) Common names - Bapta Family - ??? It is a small herb with a strong aroma. Recipe – Boil and drain leaves, then stir fry with spices as in any of the recipes above. 16cm
Korata (Wrightia tinctoria) Common Names- English - Pala indigo, Hindi - Kala kuda, karayja, Kapar Marathi - Korata, Bhoorevadi Sanskrit - Asita kutaj Gujarati - Dudhalo Kannada - Ajamara Tamil - Irum-palal. Family - Apocynaceae Continued….
It is a deciduous tree. The fruit is pendulous, long paired follicles joined at their tips. In some parts of Maharashtra follicles are used as a Vegetable. Recipe- ???
Shevla, Kakad & Bondyachi bhaji
Shevla (Amorphophallus commutatus) Common name - Dragon StalkYam Malayalam - kattu-cena Marathi - mogari kanda, shevla Hindi - Jangli suran Family - Araceae (Arum family)
Family - Burseraceae Kakad fruits are contemporaneous with flowering of Amorphophallus commutatus (Shevla). Both are available in Mumbai markets as early monsoon vegetables. Kakad fruits are added to young spathes of Shevla to counter the itching, typical of Arum family.
Recipe Approximately fruits (a generous handful) are needed for about 3 bunches of shevla. If available, leaves of bhondayachi bhaji can be added to the mix. Ingredients – Kakad, Shevla, green chillies, onion, salt, garam masala, haldi and finely grated coconut. Preparation - Discard stalk, tough outer leaves, and the lower yellow part of the inflorescence. Slice thin. Smash each kakad fruit, pick out and discard the seed. Chop fine. Boil chopped fruits and shevla together, discard water. Test - eat a small piece to check if itching occurs. If so, boil with more fruit/tamarind, discard water. Stir fry green chillies and onions till onions are golden brown, add the boiled vegetables, some tamarind if desired, salt and turmeric. Add garam masal/Malvani masala, salt to taste and finally fresh grated coconut. The texture of Shevla adds to its appeal.
One more Recipe 2. Ingredients – shevla + kakad, mustard, jeera, hing, curry leaves and grated fresh coconut. Preparation - Heat oil, add red chillies, mustard and jeera, hing, curry leaves. Add prepared shevla, stir fry, add salt and finally grated fresh coconut. This vegetable is reminiscent of plantain flower texturally.
Korla (Bauhinia malabarica) Common names Bengali - Karmai Hindi - Amli Marathi - Korla Telgu - Pulishinta Malayalam - aarampuli Sanskrit - amlapatrah Family - Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)
Recipe Ingredients - Moong dal, Korla leaves, mustard, cumin, green or red chillies, turmeric powder, hing/garlic. Preparation - Cooked with soaked moong dal. Use only leaves; remove tough veins, mainly the central ones from mature leaves. Wash, chop the leaves. Heat oil, add a small amount of mustard and cumin, then hing (or garlic, whichever is preferred), green/red chillies. Add the soaked dal (drain first) and then the leaves, turmeric and salt to taste. Cook till tender.
Kankoda (Momordica dioica) Common names Bengali - Bankarela Hindi - Golkandra Kannada - Karlikai Malayalam - Erimaposal Marathi - Kartoli Tamil - Paluppakkai Telgu - Aakakara /Adavi Kakarkaya Family - Cucurbitaceae
Recipe Ingredients - Kartuli, onion, curry leaves, green chillies, mustard, salt, turmeric powder, dhania powder, fresh corriander leaves & freshly grated coconut. Preparation – Slice each kartuli lenghtwise; 4-8 pieces depending on size. Heat oil, add mustard seeds; when they sputter add onions, curry leaves, green chillies and stir fry. Add kartuli, salt, turmeric, chilli powder ( ½ tablespoon per 150 gm). A few minutes later add some water cover and cook till tender. Add corriander and freshly grated coconut. It tastes like Karela without the bitterness.
Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) Common names Sanskrit – Varahi Malyalam – kaachil Marathi – Dukkar kand Family – Dioscoreaceae It is used as a home remedy to treat conjuctivitis, diarrhea, and dysentry. It is bitter in taste.
Recipe It can be prepared in the same way as sweet potatoes and potatoes. To remove its bitterness and steroid content, it should be boiled before use.
Kavla (Smithia sensitiva) Common names Hindi - Odabimi Marathi - Lajalu kavla Bengali - Nalakashina Family - Fabaceae (Pea family)
Recipe Wash leaves and grind them. Boil the paste with tamarind juice to remove the stickiness of the paste. Add salt to taste. Heat oil for tempering, add cumin, garlic and mustard seeds to it. Fry them. Add to the boiled mix and serve it hot with rice. Note: The gravy should not be too thick.
Ikra (Duranta erecta 'Alba') Common Names White sky flower, Golden dew drop, Pigeon berry Family – Verbenaceae Note – Its an introduced species
Recipe Its simply cooked as spinach. Note – Recipes are welcome!
Discorea pentaphylla Common Names Hindi - Kanta alu, Kada kanda Sanskrit - Kantakalu Telugu - Dukka pendalam Malyalam - Katu-nuren-kelengu Tamil - Chedukundi, Kaattuvalli Oriya - Kontaalu Kannada - Kaadugumbala Family - Dioscoreaceae
Recipe Wash buds, boil and drain them properly. Heat oil, add onions, grated coconut and spices of your choice to it. Stir fry them. Add drained buds to it. Tomatoes may be added if desired.
Hathikana (Tentative Identification: Leea macrophylla) Common Names Hindi – Hathikana Marathi – Gajakami, Dinda /dhendi Bengali – Dholsamudra Sanskrit – Samudrika, Jino Family – Vitaceae (Grape Family)
Recipe Wash, peel and cut stems into 1'' pieces. Chop leaves. Heat oil in a pan. Add mustard and cumin seeds to it. Add vegetables and tamarind or kokum juice, salt and turmeric according to your taste. Separately, roast onion (medium onions), fresh coconut (½ cup small pieces) and 1 or 2 Tilphad if available. Make a paste with water and add to the cooked vegetables. Add Malvani/garam masala if desired and heat through.
GHOLU ( Portulaca oleracea) Common names: Hindi - Lunia Manipuri - Leibag kundu Tamil - Paruppu keerai Malyalam - Koluppa Kannada - Dudagorai Bengali - Sag Family - Portulacaceae (moss ross family)
Recipe It is a large leaf variety of chiu and locally, it is used with its stems and leaves both. Wash leaves and chop them fine. Heat oil, add whole garlic cloves (optional), roast them. Once they turn pink add mustard, fenugreek (methi seeds), dry red chillies, turmeric and asafoetida. Finally add leaves to it, cover and allow to cook till it changes its colour and get softened. For a bunch of gholu, take a cup of buttermilk, thoroughly mix 2 spoons of besan (chickpea flour) in it. Now slowly pour this over the cooked leaves. Stir it continously until the besan is cooked. Recipe by Swati Dandekar
References 1. Sources for vernacular names - Nutritive value of Indian foods by C.Gopalan, B.V. Rama Sastri & S.C. Balasubramanian,2000.Revised and updated by B.S.Narasinga Rao, Y.G.Deosthale &K.C. Pant. National Institute of Nutrition. ICMR, Hyderabad. 2. Gharguti aushdhe by Krushnaji Narayan & Appashastri Sathe, Ayurved bhavan, kakadvadi, Mumbai. 3. Useful links : https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups#!topic/indiantreepix/H W0oBKIqfYM