# Course: Low power design of electronic circuits Student: Ahmed Faraz.

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Course: Low power design of electronic circuits Student: Ahmed Faraz

Index Objective Basic idea Basic gating circuit and linear feedback shift register Design platform Final circuit Results Conclusion

Objective To reduce the power of 16-bit linear feedback shift register(LFSR) using gated clock. To measure the Average, Maximum and Minimum Power in Traditional 16-bit LFSR. To measure the Average, Maximum and Minimum Power in 16-bit gated clock LFSR.

What is Linear feedback shift register? A linear feedback shift register (LFSR) is a shift register whose input bit is a linear function of its previous state. For 16 bit LFSR-feedback polynomial is x 16 + x 14 + x 13 + x 11 + 1

Basic idea Since, in LFSR, the clock-path of all flip-flop toggles at every clock cycle, they consume a significant amount of power. To activate flip flop only when the input signal is different from the actual output value.

Design Platform Average Power Minimum PowerMaximum Power Verilog gatenetlist Design Architect (ELDO) VHDL Code (Designed, compiled and simulated in MODELSIM) Leonardo Spectrum

16 bit linear feedback shift register

16 bit Linear feedback shift register with gated clock

Results Without clock gatingWith clock gating Maximum power37.939 mW30.144 mW Minimum power45.6137 nW62.4403 nW Average power5.6966 mW4.913 mW

Comparison

Conclusion Average power consumed has been decreased, whereas Minimum power has been increased which may be due to the initial power consumption at the time of initializing the LFSR.

References Dr. Vishwani Agrawal: Slides Spring 2009.Low Power Design of Electronic Circuits. Utilizing clock-gating efficiency to reduce power By Mitch Dale: EE TIMES-INDIA JANUARY 2008 Gated-Clock Design of Linear-Feedback Shift Registers By Walter Aloisi and Rosario Mita: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS-2: EXPRESS BRIEFS, VOL.55,NO.6,JUNE 2008.

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