Presentation on theme: "Elżbieta Tekiela Praca w ramach projektu : Krok naprzód – nauczyciel jutra."— Presentation transcript:
Elżbieta Tekiela Praca w ramach projektu : Krok naprzód – nauczyciel jutra
Germany Germany is a quite big country in Central Europe and also the founding member of the European Union.
It is bordered to the north by Denmark, to the east by Poland and Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. This country has nine neighbors.
Germany is a country rich in history. It also has a wide range of different landscapes: sandy beaches on the North and Baltic Seas, and the snow-covered Alps in the south. Baltic Sea Saxony Switzerland Bavarian Alps Black Forest North Sea
Germany is a federation consisting of 16 federal states, each with its own constitution, parliament and government. German States 1.Baden-Württemberg 2.Bavaria (Bayern) 3.Berlin (city-state) 4.Brandenburg 5.Bremen (city-state) 6.Hamburg (city-state) 7.Hesse (Hessen) 8.Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) 9.Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) 10.North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein- Westfalen) 11.Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland- Pfalz) 12.Saarland 13.Saxony (Sachsen) 14.Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt) 15.Schleswig-Holstein 16.Thuringia (Thüringen)
The official language is German. German is the mother tongue of 100 million people. German is the mother tongue spoken most frequently in the European Union. Knowledge of German in the Europe Germany Austria Switzerland Liechtenstein Luxembourg Belgium Opole Voivodeship, Poland City of Sopron, Hungary Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol German is the official language of:
The capital city of Germany is Berlin. It is the biggest city of Germany and has a population of about 3.5 million.
Berlin extends over 889 square kilometers. It is located in central Europe at the rivers Spree and Havel. The local time zone is Central European Time. FlagCoat of arms
Historical Note Berlin was the capital of Prussia until 1945 and the capital of Germany between 1871 and 1945 and again since the reunification of Germany on October 3, The German parliament, called Bundestag, and the German government moved from Bonn to Berlin in Between 1949 and 1990, it was divided into East Berlin, the capital of the German Democratic Republic, and West Berlin. It was divided by the Berlin Wall between August 13, 1961, and November 9, 1989.
Since 1990, Berlin has once again been the undivided capital city. But You will still recognize that there is/was East-Berlin and West-Berlin so it has a "City East" and a "City West".
Map of Berlin
Berlin Mitte (Berlin city center) is the city's historic core and comes up with the most famous landmarks and most visited sights of Berlin, including the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag, Unter den Linden Boulevard, Potsdamer Platz and the Alexanderplatz with the TV Tower.
Brandenburg Gate The Brandenburg Gate is the true symbol of the city, because it was situated in the no man's land just behind the Wall, it also became the symbol of the division of the city. After the Fall of the Wall, the Gate was reopened on December 22, Brandenburg Gate at night Pariser Platz and Brandenburg Gate
Reichstag Parliament and Mirror of German History The Reichstag is the seat of the German Bundestag or federal government and, with its new dome, one of the Berlin's biggest crowd-draws. View on the terrace The Reichstag at night
Potsdamer Platz Potsdamer Platz is one of the most popular attractions of the New Berlin. It is unquestionably the fastest developing place in Berlin It boasts fantastic, modern skyscrapers such as: impressive Daimler-City with numerous cafes, restaurants, the biggest Shopping Centre as well as steel and glass Sony-Centre consisting of seven separated buildings with offices, apartments, cinemas and a film studio. View at the Potsdamer Platz. On the left side the Daimler-Chrysler, on the right the Sony-Center Roof of the Sony-Center at night
Alexanderplatz Alexanderplatz is the most famous square in Berlin. There is also the World Time Clock which shows the time around the globe Fernsehturm, seen from Alexanderplatz The World Time Clock
Fernsehturm TV Tower The Fernsehturm is one of Berlin's biggest attractions. It is the highest building in the city. Its total height is 368 meters. The TV Tower has a rotating restaurant on the top (Telecafé), which offers a great view of the city. Telecafe turns on its own axis every hour.
Berlin is a city in which there is a lot to see and do. Today Berlin is a metropolis of diversity with elegant clubs, galleries and traditional restaurants. It is also a heaven for shoppers. Shopping activities in Berlin
Friedrichstraße Flair and Elegance Kurfürstendamm (Ku'damm), Unter den Linden and Friedrichstrasse are the main shopping areas and attractions Berlin. Coffeehouse at the Ku'damm Unter den Linden Berlin's magnificent boulevard, the centrepiece of the Old Berlin
Checkpoint Charlie Memories of a Divided City The reconstructed frontier house in front of the museum Friedrichstraße at the Checkpoint Charlie From 1961 to 1990, Checkpoint Charlie in the Friedrichstraße was the only border crossing point between East and West Berlin. It was the place where Soviet and American tanks stood face to face, after the construction of the Wall in The museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie tells the history of the Wall.
Checkpoint Charlie, once the gateway for non-Germans during the Cold War chronicles in the Wall Museum the time of Berlin Wall and the escapes from GDR - the Museum belongs definitely to the very interesting attractions of Berlin The Berlin Wall
Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas Place of Remembrance View on the memorial The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is the central place of remembrance and a place of warning. Situated in Berlins city centre, the memorial was built near the Reichstag and the Brandenburger Gate.
Gendarmenmarkt Europe's Most Beautiful Square Gendarmenmarkt is one of the most beautiful squares in Europe Classic Open Air Lively Gendarmenmarkt The Gendarmenmarkt during Christmas
Free-time activities in Berlin The Tiergarten is the oldest and most popular park, stretching from the Zoologischer Garten (one of the largest zoos in the world) to the Brandenburg Gate. Another nice option is Schloss Charlottenburg, a Baroque castle surrounded by English gardens. The zoological garden, one of the largest in the world.
Tiergarten Berlin's green heart Tiergarten is the largest park in Berlin and a popular outdoor oasis for Berliners. The park is used by many Berliners for relaxation. Once a year, the Loveparade makes its way through the Tiergarten. On the western side, the park borders onto the Zoologic Garden.
This view of the Straße des 17. Juni cutting through the Tiergarten park was taken from atop the Siegessäule (Victory Column). In the background you can see the Brandenburg Gate and the TV tower (left) in what used to be East Berlin. The Tiergarten park und die Straße des 17. Juni
Siegessäule The Victory Statue The Siegessäule, with its golden statue of Victory, is one of the most imposing landmarks in the city, and reflects the city's history in remarkable fashion. The golden godess of victory
Charlottenburg Castle Schloss Charlottenburg The castle at winter-time The illuminated Schloss Charlottenburg Charlottenburg Castle, which was built at the end of the 17 th century, was a gift from Frederick III to his wife Sophie Charlotte, who soon made the palace the intellectual centre of Berlin.
Berliner Dom (Berlin Cathedral) The Berlin Cathedral is the largest Protestant church in Germany. It is located near to the World Heritage of Berlin "Museumsinsel.
Botanical Garden With over 18,000 species of plants in an area of around 42 hectares. The Botanical Garden in Berlin is the largest in Europe. In the large Tropical Conservatory you will find the giant bamboo, for example, unusual varieties of orchids, water lilies and other exotic plants. In the conservatories The conservatory Flowers in Botanischer Garten
Culture attractions of Berlin 150 theatres, 170 museums and three operas Fans of history and art shouldnt miss the huge Museum Island (Museumsinsel). That museum complex of five museums was added to the German World Heritage list in 1999 and is situated on an island in the heart of Berlin
The Ishtar Gate of Babylon at Pergamon Museum The Museum Island includes the National Gallery, the Old Museum with a collection of paintings, New Museum, the immense Pergamon Museum and The Bode Museum (exhibits of Egyptian artifacts). The National Gallery Altes Museum The Pergamonmuseum
Castle and Garden of Potsdam A must-do in Berlin is a visit at Potsdam Sanssouci Castle, which is the next World Heritage to Berlin. Potsdam is located only 45 minutes away by car.
Summary In this short presentation I showed you the most interesting, in my opinion, places in the capital city of Germany. I hope you enjoyed it and now Berlin is on the top of your list of places you want to visit.