Presentation on theme: "Progressive Era Reforms"— Presentation transcript:
1Progressive Era Reforms Day 2: EOC ReviewIndustrialismProgressive Era ReformsAmerican ImperialismSpanish American WarWorld War I
2Political Machines (Page 7) Who was the famous political boss of Tammany Hall, NYC? BOSS TWEED.Corruption:Bribery
3Business (Page 7)Free Enterprise, laissez-faire government and abundant resources caused- growth in businessLed to growth of industry/corporations/trusts/monopoliesEntrepreneursAndrew Carnegie: Gospel of WealthJohn Rockefeller: Standard Oil
4Business (Page 7)List workplace abuses: low wages, long hours, dangerous work environments, repetitive tasksWhy was this called the Gilded Age? Wealth for some, poverty for others.What was Social Darwinism? Competition in business: stronger would survive.
5Immigration (page 7) Push Factors? Poverty, War, Discrimination Pull Factors? Freedom, jobs, opportunity.What was nativism? Viewpoint that wanted to restrict immigrationChinese Exclusionary Act: Restricted immigration of Chinese workers.
6Urbanization (Page 7) Rural to Urban: Why did people move? What problems did rapid growth create?OvercrowdingSanitation ProblemsTenementsInfrastructureCorruption
7Technology (Page 7) Elevator Telephone/Telegraph Oil Drilling Bessemer ProcessElectricityHow did technology impact business? Improved productivity and standard of living.
8Progressive Era Reforms (page 8) Economic Reforms:16th Amendment- Income Tax: Congress could now tax personal incomeWhat impact did the following reforms have?Business regulation: Increased the federal governments ability to prevent unfair business activitiesFederal Reserve Act of 1913: Federal government’s movement toward enacting monetary policy
9Progressive Era Reforms (Page 8) Social Reform and its impactNAACP: Gave a voice to racial equality19th Amendment: Women's right to voteSettlement Houses: Movement toward social reform.Meat Inspection Act: Protection of Consumer HealthPure Food and Drug Act:Labor Unions: Gave a voice to workers rights.
10Progressive Era Reforms (Page 8) Political:Initiative: voters can introduce bill.Recall: voters can remove elected officials.Referendum: voters could seek legislators to put a bill on ballot.Direct Primary: Used by voters to choose candidates17th amendment: Direct Election of SenatorsCivil Service Reform: created commission to monitor hiring in government jobs.
11Political Reform Impact (Page 8) Helped end corruption and increased participation in democratic process.
12Environmental Reform (Page 8) National Park Service Act: established parks & monuments under federal control.National Park System: supervision & maintenance of natural parks, monuments.Impact: Conservation of natural resources by the federal government .
14American Imperialism: From Isolationism to Expansionism (Page 9) Military:Alfred T. Mahan argued for a strong Navy in his book “Influence of Sea Power Upon History”Protection of territoriesRefueling ports
15American Imperialism (Page 9) Economic/PoliticalNeed for raw materials and markets.Open Door Policy— U.S. declares continued trade with China.Boxer RebellionDollar Diplomacy— Taft’s idea to give economic support to other countries.Roosevelt Corollary— justified sending U.S. troops to intervene in Central America.
16American Imperialism (Page 9) SocialSpread of American institutionsMissionary zeal
18Spanish American War (Page 10) WHO: United States, Spain. Yellow journalism—Pulitzer and Hearst newspapers used this exaggerated form of journalismWhen: 1898, USS MaineWhere: Cuba and the Philippines. San Juan Hill Victory of Rough Riders led by Theodore Roosevelt
19Spanish American War (Page 10) Why: USS Maine sinks and the U.S. blames Spain.De’Lome letter calls President McKinley weak. Americans are outraged.How:Media—Yellow journalism increases support.Land—U.S. fought Spain in Cuba and the Phillipines. Sea—U.S. defeats Spain quickly.
20Spanish American War (Page 10) Significance:U.S. acquired territory from Spain—Guam, Puerto Rico, and PhilippinesPlatt Amendment— U.S. could intervene in CubaWhat was the result? U.S. moves into world powerWhy is this war considered a turning point? U.S. began to have more international influence
21World War I (Page 11)WHO?President Wilson initially declared neutralityAlliances:Allies vs. Central PowersAmerican Expeditionary Forces (AEF) led by John J. PershingArgonne Forest one of the most famous battles (1918)because it shattered the German defensesAlvin York won the Congressional Medal of Honor
23Effects of Technological Innovations (Page 11) Western Front— hundreds of miles of battle front along eastern FranceTrench warfare … led to aStalemate led to …Massive casualties
24Causes of World War I (Page 11) Militarism:build-up of militaryAlliances:joining forces with countries with similar ideologyImperialismexercising control over another nationNationalism:extreme loyalty to your nationAssassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
25Reasons for United States Entry (Page 11) WhenLusitania is sunkGermany’s unrestricted submarine warfareTies to AlliesZimmerman TelegramSussex Pledge
26Significance (Page 11) Treaty of Versailles— Germany reparations and acceptguiltWoodrow Wilson’s 14 Pointscreated League of NationsGreat MigrationU.S. returns to isolationismInternational instabilityEspionage Act of 1917/Sedition Act restricted freedom of speechSelective Service Act