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Progressive Era Reforms

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Presentation on theme: "Progressive Era Reforms"— Presentation transcript:

1 Progressive Era Reforms
Day 2: EOC Review Industrialism Progressive Era Reforms American Imperialism Spanish American War World War I

2 Political Machines (Page 7)
Who was the famous political boss of Tammany Hall, NYC? BOSS TWEED. Corruption: Bribery

3 Business (Page 7) Free Enterprise, laissez-faire government and abundant resources caused- growth in business Led to growth of industry/corporations/trusts/monopolies Entrepreneurs Andrew Carnegie: Gospel of Wealth John Rockefeller: Standard Oil

4 Business (Page 7) List workplace abuses: low wages, long hours, dangerous work environments, repetitive tasks Why was this called the Gilded Age? Wealth for some, poverty for others. What was Social Darwinism? Competition in business: stronger would survive.

5 Immigration (page 7) Push Factors? Poverty, War, Discrimination
Pull Factors? Freedom, jobs, opportunity. What was nativism? Viewpoint that wanted to restrict immigration Chinese Exclusionary Act: Restricted immigration of Chinese workers.

6 Urbanization (Page 7) Rural to Urban: Why did people move?
What problems did rapid growth create? Overcrowding Sanitation Problems Tenements Infrastructure Corruption

7 Technology (Page 7) Elevator Telephone/Telegraph Oil Drilling
Bessemer Process Electricity How did technology impact business? Improved productivity and standard of living.

8 Progressive Era Reforms (page 8)
Economic Reforms: 16th Amendment- Income Tax: Congress could now tax personal income What impact did the following reforms have? Business regulation: Increased the federal governments ability to prevent unfair business activities Federal Reserve Act of 1913: Federal government’s movement toward enacting monetary policy

9 Progressive Era Reforms (Page 8)
Social Reform and its impact NAACP: Gave a voice to racial equality 19th Amendment: Women's right to vote Settlement Houses: Movement toward social reform. Meat Inspection Act: Protection of Consumer Health Pure Food and Drug Act: Labor Unions: Gave a voice to workers rights.

10 Progressive Era Reforms (Page 8)
Political: Initiative: voters can introduce bill. Recall: voters can remove elected officials. Referendum: voters could seek legislators to put a bill on ballot. Direct Primary: Used by voters to choose candidates 17th amendment: Direct Election of Senators Civil Service Reform: created commission to monitor hiring in government jobs.

11 Political Reform Impact (Page 8)
Helped end corruption and increased participation in democratic process.

12 Environmental Reform (Page 8)
National Park Service Act: established parks & monuments under federal control. National Park System: supervision & maintenance of natural parks, monuments. Impact: Conservation of natural resources by the federal government .

13 American Imperialism Brain Pop: Theodore Roosevelt

14 American Imperialism: From Isolationism to Expansionism (Page 9)
Military: Alfred T. Mahan argued for a strong Navy in his book “Influence of Sea Power Upon History” Protection of territories Refueling ports

15 American Imperialism (Page 9)
Economic/Political Need for raw materials and markets. Open Door Policy— U.S. declares continued trade with China. Boxer Rebellion Dollar Diplomacy— Taft’s idea to give economic support to other countries. Roosevelt Corollary— justified sending U.S. troops to intervene in Central America.

16 American Imperialism (Page 9)
Social Spread of American institutions Missionary zeal

17 Examples of American Imperialism (Page 9)

18 Spanish American War (Page 10)
WHO: United States, Spain. Yellow journalism—Pulitzer and Hearst newspapers used this exaggerated form of journalism When: 1898, USS Maine Where: Cuba and the Philippines. San Juan Hill Victory of Rough Riders led by Theodore Roosevelt

19 Spanish American War (Page 10)
Why: USS Maine sinks and the U.S. blames Spain. De’Lome letter calls President McKinley weak. Americans are outraged. How: Media—Yellow journalism increases support. Land—U.S. fought Spain in Cuba and the Phillipines.  Sea—U.S. defeats Spain quickly.

20 Spanish American War (Page 10)
Significance: U.S. acquired territory from Spain—Guam, Puerto Rico, and Philippines Platt Amendment— U.S. could intervene in Cuba What was the result? U.S. moves into world power Why is this war considered a turning point? U.S. began to have more international influence

21 World War I (Page 11) WHO? President Wilson initially declared neutrality Alliances: Allies vs. Central Powers American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) led by John J. Pershing Argonne Forest one of the most famous battles (1918)because it shattered the German defenses Alvin York won the Congressional Medal of Honor

22 Technological Innovations (Page 11)
 Poison gas  Tanks  Machine guns  Airplanes

23 Effects of Technological Innovations (Page 11)
Western Front— hundreds of miles of battle front along eastern France Trench warfare … led to a Stalemate led to … Massive casualties

24 Causes of World War I (Page 11)
Militarism: build-up of military Alliances: joining forces with countries with similar ideology Imperialism exercising control over another nation Nationalism: extreme loyalty to your nation Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

25 Reasons for United States Entry (Page 11)
When Lusitania is sunk Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare Ties to Allies Zimmerman Telegram Sussex Pledge

26 Significance (Page 11) Treaty of Versailles—
Germany reparations and accept guilt Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points created League of Nations Great Migration U.S. returns to isolationism International instability Espionage Act of 1917/Sedition Act restricted freedom of speech Selective Service Act

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