Presentation on theme: "Industrialism Progressive Era Reforms American Imperialism Spanish American War World War I."— Presentation transcript:
Industrialism Progressive Era Reforms American Imperialism Spanish American War World War I
Who was the famous political boss of Tammany Hall, NYC? BOSS TWEED. Corruption: Bribery
Free Enterprise, laissez-faire government and abundant resources caused- growth in business Led to growth of industry/corporations/trusts/monopolies Entrepreneurs Andrew Carnegie: Gospel of Wealth John Rockefeller: Standard Oil
List workplace abuses: low wages, long hours, dangerous work environments, repetitive tasks Why was this called the Gilded Age? Wealth for some, poverty for others. What was Social Darwinism? Competition in business: stronger would survive.
Push Factors? Poverty, War, Discrimination Pull Factors? Freedom, jobs, opportunity. What was nativism? Viewpoint that wanted to restrict immigration Chinese Exclusionary Act: Restricted immigration of Chinese workers.
Rural to Urban: Why did people move? What problems did rapid growth create? Overcrowding Sanitation Problems Tenements Infrastructure Corruption
Elevator Telephone/Telegraph Oil Drilling Bessemer Process Electricity How did technology impact business? Improved productivity and standard of living.
Economic Reforms: 16 th Amendment- Income Tax: Congress could now tax personal income What impact did the following reforms have? Business regulation: Increased the federal governments ability to prevent unfair business activities Federal Reserve Act of 1913: Federal governments movement toward enacting monetary policy
Social Reform and its impact NAACP: Gave a voice to racial equality 19 th Amendment: Women's right to vote Settlement Houses: Movement toward social reform. Meat Inspection Act: Protection of Consumer Health Pure Food and Drug Act: Labor Unions: Gave a voice to workers rights.
Political: Initiative: voters can introduce bill. Recall: voters can remove elected officials. Referendum: voters could seek legislators to put a bill on ballot. Direct Primary: Used by voters to choose candidates 17 th amendment: Direct Election of Senators Civil Service Reform: created commission to monitor hiring in government jobs.
Helped end corruption and increased participation in democratic process.
National Park Service Act: established parks & monuments under federal control. National Park System: supervision & maintenance of natural parks, monuments. Impact: Conservation of natural resources by the federal government.
Brain Pop: Theodore Roosevelt
Military: Alfred T. Mahan argued for a strong Navy in his book Influence of Sea Power Upon History Protection of territories Refueling ports
Economic/Political Need for raw materials and markets. Open Door Policy U.S. declares continued trade with China. Boxer Rebellion Dollar Diplomacy Tafts idea to give economic support to other countries. Roosevelt Corollary justified sending U.S. troops to intervene in Central America.
Social Spread of American institutions Missionary zeal
WHO: United States, Spain. Yellow journalismPulitzer and Hearst newspapers used this exaggerated form of journalism When: 1898, USS Maine Where: Cuba and the Philippines. San Juan Hill Victory of Rough Riders led by Theodore Roosevelt
Why: USS Maine sinks and the U.S. blames Spain. DeLome letter calls President McKinley weak. Americans are outraged. How: Media Yellow journalism increases support. Land U.S. fought Spain in Cuba and the Phillipines. Sea U.S. defeats Spain quickly.
Significance: U.S. acquired territory from SpainGuam, Puerto Rico, and Philippines Platt Amendment U.S. could intervene in Cuba What was the result? U.S. moves into world power Why is this war considered a turning point? U.S. began to have more international influence
WHO? President Wilson initially declared neutrality Alliances: Allies vs. Central Powers American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) led by John J. Pershing Argonne Forest one of the most famous battles (1918)because it shattered the German defenses Alvin York won the Congressional Medal of Honor
Poison gas Tanks Machine guns Airplanes
Western Front hundreds of miles of battle front along eastern France Trench warfare … led to a Stalemate led to … Massive casualties
Militarism: build-up of military Alliances: joining forces with countries with similar ideology Imperialism exercising control over another nation Nationalism: extreme loyalty to your nation Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
When 1917 Lusitania is sunk Germanys unrestricted submarine warfare Ties to Allies Z immerman Telegram Sussex Pledge
Treaty of Versailles Germany reparations and accept guilt Woodrow Wilsons 14 Points created League of Nations Great Migration U.S. returns to isolationism International instability Espionage Act of 1917/Sedition Act restricted freedom of speech Selective Service Act