6 Expert and intergovernmental meetings Experts meetings: –Trade Facilitation, Nov. 2002 –MT & logistics services, Sept. 2003 –Transit transport arrangements, Nov. 2004 –TF as an engine for Development, Sept. 2005 –ICT Solutions to Facilitate Trade at Border Crossings & Ports, Oct. 2006 Intergovernmental meetings: –Almaty Parallel Event on Trade Facilitation, Aug. 2003 –Meeting of Trade Ministers of LLDCs to facilitate their effective participation in the Doha Round of trade negotiations, Asunción, Paraguay, 10 August 2005
14 Studies e.g. on legal aspects of international trade
15 UNCTADs Trade Logistics Branch Meetings and seminars Activities: Meetings and seminars Research and publications Technical cooperation projects
16 Global Projects: e.g. Capacity building in developing countries to support their effective participation in the WTO Negotiations Process on Trade Facilitation Technical Notes Workshops
17 Global Projects: e.g. Support to trade facilitation platforms in developing countries Focus on two types of trade facilitation platforms: facilitation bodies single window facilities.
18 Global Projects: e.g. Capacity Building in Trade and Transport Facilitation for Land Locked and Transit Developing Countries Global Projects: e.g. Capacity Building in Trade and Transport Facilitation for Land Locked and Transit Developing Countries Cluster-corridor approach Corridor stakeholders are linked by a demand and supply relationship. Clusters to improve day-to-day operations and find medium and long-term solutions.
19 Networked clusters Sea Cluster Border Cluster Inland Cluster Transit Country Land Locked Country
21 Three Pilot Sites Corridor: Walvis Bay - Gaborone Corridor: Arica – La Paz Corridor: Bangkok - Vientiane
22 Clusters versus Committees Committees: –Top down government led approach. –Emphasis on policy and regulations. –Require cooperation of higher ranked government and private sector representatives. Clusters: –Peer to peer approach. –Emphasis on operational solutions. –Require information sharing and joint actions. Clusters may be seen as local alternative to Committees.
23 Fit in regional activities Synergies with institutional developments in ASEAN and GMS agreements. National Transit Transport Coordinating Committees (NTTCC) and Transit Transport Coordinating Board (TTCB). National Transport Facilitation Committee (NTFC). National initiatives and programmes in Lao PDR and Thailand – Viet Nam. Relationship with Integrated Framework activities. Trade and transport facilitation diagnostic.
26 National Customs Database Customs Offices ASYCUDA Standards & User-defined Reports National Statistics agency, Eurotrace, Intl. organizations Reports, Drawings, Charts, On line queries… Data Extraction Ad Hoc developed applications And commercial packages WHAT ? WHO ? Data Consolidation Statistical Database
27 ASYCUDA Achievements Since 1982 Since 1982 More than 80 countries using ASYCUDA to clear goods Implementation of norms and standards: WCO SAD ISO Customs administration capacity building Foundation of an international group of 100 experts Development of the ASYCUDA software products
28 ASYCUDA World operation 15,000,000 Customs clearance operations per year: 15,000,000 Customs clearance operations per year: 60,000 Declarations per working-day (255d/year) 60,000 Declarations per working-day (255d/year) 7,500 Declarations per working-hour (8h/day) 7,500 Declarations per working-hour (8h/day) 50,000,000 Database transactions per year: 50,000,000 Database transactions per year: Distributed on 22,000 computers Distributed on 22,000 computers User interface in 18 languages User interface in 18 languages Impact on: Impact on: 241 billion $ [3.9%]of world imports values* (CIF) 241 billion $ [3.9%] of world imports values* (CIF) 230 billion $ [3.7%] of world exports values* (FOB) 230 billion $ [3.7%] of world exports values* (FOB) * Source: UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics
29 Integrated country projects: e.g. Afghanistan Emergency Customs Modernization and Trade Facilitation project To increase Government revenues from Customs through: (a) better administration and collection of existing customs revenues; and (b) facilitating trade and transit to increase the customs revenue base. Incl. ASYCUDA
30 Key areas of intervention 1.Customs Automation (ASYCUDA) 2.TF Policy and Strategy Development at MoCe 1.Operational Audit of TF-related MoCe depart.s & recommendations 2.Setting up a National Trade Facilitation Committee 3.Assistance towards accession to WTO 4.Benchmarking Trade Facilitation costs/times 5.Information, Education and Communication (IEC) on TF issues 3.Reform and Modernization of Goods Transport and Transit 1.Review & improvement of key bi-, multi-lateral and regional transit agreements 2.Customs Transit Regime and TIR Implementation 3.Reform and modernization of trucking and freight forwarding industries 4.Alignment of procedures & documents on international standards & practices
31 Integrated country projects: e.g. Pakistan Promotion of trade and transport sectors Addressing trade and transport facilitation measures and its implementation
32 Cooperative work With all UN Regional Commissions and other agencies such as: ITC, UNIDO, IMO, WB, IMF; With intergovernmental organizations such as WTO, WCO, OECD; With business sectors institutions such as ICC, FIATA, IAPH.
33 Need for Partnerships Partnerships can play an important role in the effective implementation of trade and transport facilitation measures by increasing developing countries participation in global trade. Multilateral platforms assist in achieving this goal: –The UN-Trade Facilitation Cooperation Scheme; –The Global Facilitation Partnership for Transportation and Trade (www.gfptt.org).
www.gfptt.org 187 regular partners and you can become a partner too!
Peter Faust (firstname.lastname@example.org) Maxence Orthlieb (email@example.com) José Rubiato (firstname.lastname@example.org) Trade Logistics Branch Division for Services Infrastructure for Development and Trade Efficiency THANK YOU! Jan Hoffmann (email@example.com) Regina Asariotis (firstname.lastname@example.org)