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History of American Journalism. Benjamin Harris 1690 First newspaper published in America Publick Occurrences was the paper Only one edition printed.

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Presentation on theme: "History of American Journalism. Benjamin Harris 1690 First newspaper published in America Publick Occurrences was the paper Only one edition printed."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of American Journalism

2 Benjamin Harris 1690 First newspaper published in America Publick Occurrences was the paper Only one edition printed

3 John Peter Zenger 1734 Newspaper editor put on trial for criticism of government His acquittal forms the basis of the 1 st Amendment and our right to argue against our leaders in print

4 Stamp Act 1765 Decree by the King of England Established tax on newspaper per page Result was the increase of size for papers

5 Penny Press 1833 Benjamin Day sold his newspaper for 1 penny New York Sun gained a large circulation

6 Associated Press 1848 Telegraph wire allows for a network of papers This network forms the basis of the modern AP wire service still crucial in journalism

7 James Gordon Bennett 1860 his New York Herald becomes the largest selling newspaper in the world Established the use of beat reporters crucial in his success

8 Joseph Pulitzer 1883 His paper the New York World is first to use cartoons and regular sports coverage Greatly broadens the appeal of papers and its readership

9 William Randolph Hearst 1895 most notorious example of yellow journalism Helps to push America into the Spanish American War You provide the pictures, Ill provide the war Famous for his controversial and sensational journalism style

10 Adolph Ochs Editor in 1896 of the New York Times who made the famous paper His motto was ONLY THE NEWS FIT TO PRINT Established an objective style of reporting that was the standard for a century in America

11 KDKA Nov. 2, 1920 First commercial broadcast use of the radio Pittsburgh, Pa (still on the air) Covered the presidential race

12 Radio Press War Conflict between radio and papers over content access Government stepped in and demanded that newspaper share information with radio news Result was that papers began to establish their own radio stations

13 Dorothy Day 1933 Established the Catholic Worker Famous for a new style of journalism called crusading in which her paper fought injustice with its stories

14 Dewey Defeats Truman Most famous error in newspaper history Chicago Tribune printed the wrong winner in the election of 1948 Highlights the rush to report the news first which is even worse today

15 Edward Murrow Tv journalist for CBS Set the gold standard for excellence Featured in a recent film entitled Good Night and Good Luck - his signature sign off

16 Village Voice The original alternative paper established in New Yorks Greenwich Village Presented a different perspective and featured marginalized figures

17 Walter Cronkite CBS TV anchor for over two decades starting in 1962 Covered the assasination of JFK His shift about the Vietnam War swayed much of America

18 NPR and PBS Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 eventually led to the establishment of these two important public networks PBS has set the standard for childrens programming NPR remains one of the few viable radio news outlets

19 60 Minutes First TV news magazine show in primetime Became the most popular show in America in 1981 and throughout much of the 1980s Made TV news a VERY profitable form of programming and led to 20/20, 48 Hours, Dateline, etc

20 Watergate Scandal the Washington Post did a series of articles on President Nixons involvement Defined the style known as Investigative Journalism Inspired a generation of youngsters to go into reporting Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein admired for not backing down even to the president

21 CNN First 24 hour news source Creates a desire for up to the minute reporting

22 USA Today Established in 1982 as a national paper Highly visual – with lots of color and graphics so more like tv Gains a huge circulation through its placement in hotels and McDonald chains

23 Worldwideweb 1993 Creates a new outlet for immediate news Allows consumers to begin to contribute to the news Changes the economic model for delivering the news

24 FOX news The main news source fo conservatives Shifts news from objectivity toward a clear and transparent stance on issues/politics Offers more opinion than factual reporting as a 24 hour news outlet

25 Blogging 1999 Creates a new source of information Allows people to be citizen journalists Often comments on news provided by traditional media

26 Daily Show 2003 Fake news – a show on Comedy Central that satirizes people in the news and other news sources Won 18 Emmys over the past decade Very popular among young viewers and a main source of news for many college students

27 The Year the Paper Died 2009 over 100 newspapers go out of business Caused by economic downturn and losses in both circulation and advertising revenue

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