Presentation on theme: "Thomas A. Stewart Literacy Test (OSSLT) Prep Guide 2013"— Presentation transcript:
1Thomas A. Stewart Literacy Test (OSSLT) Prep Guide 2013 Long Writing: News Report
2To help you navigate the guide, the TAS Logo is a link to the Table of Contents IntroductionThis guide is intended to be a resource for students, teachers and parents.It has several sections covering what to expect, how these questions are marked, examples of good and bad answers with explanations for why.Throughout the guide there are suggestions, tips and hints.You can jump from section to section or go through the guide in order.We recommend visiting this guide more than once.
3How to Write a News Report Table of ContentsOverviewSample QuestionThe 5 W’sHow to Write a News ReportFormatRISC ITHow it’s MarkedTopic DevelopmentWriting ConventionsSample AnswersTopic DevWriting ConOSSLT -speakOther Guides
4OSSLT-speak Decoding the OSSLT: The OSSLT has its own special terminology. It’s important to know what their terms mean.Selection: A “selection” is the thing they have you read…it might be part of a book, a story from a magazine, something from a website, but basically it’s the thing you need to base your answers on.Prompt: The “prompt” is basically the question. For a Series of Paragraphs Expressing an Opinion the “prompt” will be the topic they want you to write about.Response: Your “response” is your answer; what you write about the “selection” in answer to the “prompt.”Scoring: “Scoring” is the word they use for marking or grading. Your score on each question is called a Code. So if you get 30 they call it a Code 30.Conventions: Spelling, grammar, sentence structure and punctuation.
5Writing: News Report Overview A News Report is one of the two major (Long) writing tasks you will see on the OSSLT.It is marked out of 100; 60 for “Topic Development” and 40 for “Writing Conventions.”This makes it one of the two most important questions in the OSSLT.Do well on the Long writing tasks; this and the “Series of Paragraphs,” and you’re well on your way to passing the test. Bomb them, or worse, blow them off and your chances of passing aren’t good.An example of a News Report question and what good and bad answers look like follows. There are a couple of basic things to keep in mind:1: Follow the proper format.2: Don’t leave space blank.
6The Headline and the Photo are equally important. Task: Write a news report on the next page based on the headline and picture below. • You will have to make up the facts and information to answer some or all of the following questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? • You must relate your newspaper report to both the headline and the picture. Purpose and Audience: to report on an event for the readers of a newspaper Length: The lined space provided for your written work indicates the approximate length of the writing expected.The Photo puts the story in context. It gives you clues about Who the story should be about and perhaps Why and How.Newspaper Reports are always based on answering the Questions: Who, What, Where, When, Why and How?Car wash a successThe question will always be the same as what you read here, but the photo and headline will change.This is what a News Report question will look like. They give you a photo and a headline.The Headline and the Photo are equally important.The Headline tells you what the story should be about.In this case the answer has to be a story about a Car wash which is a success.
7Elements of a News Report Task: Write a news report on the next page based on the headline and picture below. • You will have to make up the facts and information to answer some or all of the following questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? • You must relate your newspaper report to both the headline and the picture. Purpose and Audience: to report on an event for the readers of a newspaper Length: The lined space provided for your written work indicates the approximate length of the writing expected.Elements of a News ReportThe key is to find (create) a logical link between the headline and the photograph that could be used as an event for a report that would appear in a newspaper. You get one (1) lined page (about 25 lines) for write your answer.A news story has to contain what everyone calls the “5 W’s”…which really means:Who is the story about?What happened?Where did it happen?Why did it happen and/or Why does it matter?When did it happen?And How did it happen?The trick is to follow the format common to a real news report.Use the “5w’s.Car wash a success
8This is an example of a good News Report Answer: WhoWhatThis is an example of a good News Report Answer:You can see Who,What, When, Where, Why and How all right at the beginning of the report.WhenWhereWhyHow
9How to Write a News Report A news report must be written in the Third Person.That means you can’t use “I, me, mine our, we etc” in it.It’s not “My school won a computing contest last week”It has to be “A Grade 11 class at Thomas A Stewart Secondary School won the Greater Kawartha Pine Ridge Binary Star Data Classic contest last week.”If you want to include an opinion, you have to quote someone in the story.So, it’s not: We were really proud because we put a lot of work into it.It’s: Students in the class were “very proud” said student Nichea Vass. “We put a lot if work into this, so we’re really glad we won,” Vass said.
10RISC IT – the more you do, the more the reward. elate your story to the picture and the headline. indent paragraphs (lots of them). pelling and grammar – matter. Check them. ontains 2 quotations (at least) to support the story. nteresting - it won’t be if you’re not trying to make it so. ell nothing but the facts, leave out your opinion.
11Writing a News Report Here’s a tip A news report must also be written in the past tense.This gets a little tricky because the Headline will always be in the present tense. IE: School Wins Contest.You still have to write the story in the past tense…about how the school WON the contest.Remember you always have to write about something that has already happened, not something that is going to happen.Here’s a tipNews Report questions are often “school” related.If the headline refers to a school event, trip, contest or issue save yourself time and energy by using TAS as the school. Use your friends’ names and teachers you know to be in the story and quote them to provide detail and “colour” in the report. Quote “Mrs. Annie Johnston” as the principal.
12Writing: News Report: Scoring: The News Report is “scored” – marked out of 100.60 for Topic DevelopmentTopic Development is basically what you write. Is it a proper News Report? Does it relate clearly to the headline and the photograph? Did you put enough specific detail in? Did you quote people to provide support?40 for Writing ConventionsWriting conventions are basically how you write. Spelling, sentence structure, punctuation and grammar.The News Report is “scored” – marked out of 100.60 for Topic Development40 for Writing ConventionsTopic DevelopmentWriting Conventions
13Writing: News Report: Scoring: Topic Development There are three (3) ways to get a zero (0)BlankThe page is blank with nothing written or drawn in the space provided.(If you don’t write anything there’s nothing to mark.)
14Writing: News Report: Scoring There are three (3) ways to get a zero (0)BlankThe page is blank with nothing written or drawn in the space provided.(If you don’t write anything there’s nothing to mark.)IllegibleThe response is illegible or irrelevant to the prompt.(Your answer is too hard to follow or isn’t a News Report)
15Writing: News Report: Scoring There are three (3) ways to get a zero (0)BlankThe page is blank with nothing written or drawn in the space provided.(If you don’t write anything there’s nothing to mark.)IllegibleThe response is illegible or irrelevant to the prompt.(Your answer is too hard to follow or isn’t a News Report)Off topicThe response is off topic.(Whatever you wrote didn’t relate to the headline or the picture)Here are some examples of News Report answers.We’ll start with the ones that weren’t so good.
16The story is about a car wash - or one car that got washed - but it’s not a News Report. It’s just a story.The response is related to the headline and photo but is not a news report. It is a narrative.So it’s a Code 10,a Fail.104020503060
17Here’s a Code 20, which is also a fail Basically what they’ve done is throw Who, What, Where, Why, When and How down like a shopping list without trying to really make sense of them.They got the first part: The response is a news report related to the headline and photo, but the focus is unclear. There aren’t enough supporting details and there’s very little organization..102030405060Here’s a Code 20, which is also a fail
18Here’s a Code 30, which is getting closer to what we want. The report has a clear focus on an event (car wash foundraiser).But there aren’t enough supporting details and the few they have are kind of sketchy. (enough money, going to almost every neighbourhood, successful car wash foundraiser).What’s good is there is some evidence of organization: the two main ideas–enough money and 1.5 million dollar – are linked.102030405060
19This is a Code 40 which is definitely a pass. This is the minimum you should be shooting for.There’s enough supporting detail. Some of it is specific (St. John’s elementary school, June 29th 2009, 2000$, 45 kids), which is good.Some is a little vague (local charity,What local charity?)What’s good is: There’s a clear connection to the headline and photo with a clear and consistent focus on an event (carwash).102030405060
20News reports are supposed to have lots of small paragraphs Notice they use paragraphs to organize their ideasThe quotation here is good. It would be perfect if they game the Principal a name.102030405060
21A very solid job with only a couple of things missing. Even better: This is a Code 50A very solid job with only a couple of things missing.Even better:there are Quotations from two different people to support the story. The organization is logical with lots of paragraphs. The final paragraph mentions the school’s trip to Ottawa again and provides a neat conclusion.This news report is clearly related to the headline and photo with a clear and consistent focus on an event (carwash WHAT …trip to Ottawa WHY). There are enough specific supporting details (Saturday, May 5 WHEN, Highview Public School WHO, Ottawa, 8 am to 4 pm, student name).12102030405060
22It’s the best score you can get. This is a Code 60It’s the best score you can get.This report is clearly related to the headline and photo with a clear and consistent focus on an event.It’s got WHO, WHAT , WHERE, WHY and WHEN right up front. Then lots of detail on HOW backed up with quotations from different people involved.Real Newspaper stories usually have both of these elements. It’s never a bad idea to include them.Extra! Extra!They threw in a sub-head(a second smaller headline that gives more detail)and a cutline(a caption that explains what’s in the photo).102030405060
23This is good for a lot of reasons. 12This is good for a lot of reasons.It has lots of specific details (e.g., names of the city, students, a parent; Haiti, Canadian Red Cross, drivers couldn’t resist a good car cleaning, not only helped people in their community, but people hundreds of kilometres away). AND Quotations from two perspectives. The Organization easy to follow. The opening lead connects effectively to the closing sentence.102030405060102030405060
24Scoring Guide for Long Writing Conventions This is the second way answers are marked (scored)Writing ConventionsCodeDescriptorCode 10There is insufficient evidence to assess the use of conventions.ORErrors in conventions interfere with communication.ORYou get a Code 10 – a Fail – if:“Errors in conventions interfere with communication.”Which means:There are so many mistakes they can’t figure out what you’re trying to say.You get a Code 10 – a Fail – if:“There is insufficient evidence to assess the use of conventions.”Which means:You left it blank (didn’t answer the question) or you didn’t write enough.Writing Conventions? OMG, WT…H are “Writing Conventions”?Chill. Basically they’re talking about spelling, grammar, sentence structure and things like that.10203040
25Here’s an example of a Code 10 lack of punctuation at the end of sentences, incorrect use of capital letters The children They washing; omitted words: To be cleen and success).Errors in conventions interfere with communication (e.g., spelling: vearis, braek, lik, there, cleen, besid, grach, saide, movie’s, dird, smils, mitearials, vires;Here’s an example of a Code 10It’s not just a fail, it’s an epic fail!It’s a fail because there are just too many mistakes10203040
26Scoring Guide for Long Writing Conventions Section IV News Report Question 1 CodeDescriptorCode 10There is insufficient evidence to assess the use of conventions.ORErrors in conventions interfere with communication.Code 20Errors in conventions distract from communication.“Errors in conventions distract from communication.” means:You’ve made so many mistakes (spelling, grammar) that it’s hard to follow what you’re trying to say.Basically, you’re making them work too hard to try to understand your News Story.A Code 20 isn’t a pass either, although it’s better than a 10 as every mark counts in the end.10203040
27The hits just keep on coming: It’s a Code 20 because there are so many mistakes you have to work too hard to stay with the story.This is a Code 20?The hits just keep on coming:There are words missing: all you guys helped you guys; this for a good cause;A lot of spelling mistakes: coffe, ther, lookin, wher, fun raiser;And missing capitals: metro, april).The first problem is a lack of punctuation at the end of sentences and no capital letters. That makes it read like one big sentence, which is really hard to follow).V10203040
28Scoring Guide for Long Writing Conventions Section IV News Report Question 1 CodeDescriptorCode 10There is insufficient evidence to assess the use of conventions.ORErrors in conventions interfere with communication.Code 20Errors in conventions distract from communication.Code 30Errors in conventions do not distract from communication.You’re allowed to make some mistakes and still pass as long as those mistaks don’t get in the way of following your story.You’re allowed to make some mistakes and still pass as long as those mistakes don’t get in the way of following your story.You’re allowed to make some mistakes and still pass as long as those mistaks don’t get in the way of following your story.Code 30 is the minimum you want to get. It’s a pass.10203040
29This is the minimum level you want. This is a Code 30This is the minimum level you want.A Code 30 is different from a Code 20 in that while there are mistakes, they don’t get in the way of understanding the storySo, there are a few spelling mistakes : reasearch, planingSome capitals missing: road, local, rexdale;There are some punctuation mistakes: missing commas in the date and the quotations.10203040
30Scoring Guide for Long Writing Conventions Section IV News Report Question 1 You get a Code 40 when your story follows the News Report format without any significant mistakes and shows you understand the format.Basically that You own it.CodeDescriptorCode 10There is insufficient evidence to assess the use of conventions.ORErrors in conventions interfere with communication.Code 20Errors in conventions distract from communication.Code 30Errors in conventions do not distract from communication.Code 40Control of conventions is evident in written work.Words. I am your Master.10203040
31This is the best score you can get. What makes this a Code 40 is the obvious control the writer has over spelling, grammar and punctuationThis is a Code 40This is the best score you can get.So the fact they spelled comittee, and it’s wrong and didn’t put the periods or commas inside the quotations marks doesn’t cost them any marks.10203040
32Thomas A Stewart OSSLT Guide TAS OSSLT Guides:How the test is marked and why this mattersReading Questions: Open ResponseReading Questions: Multiple ChoiceWriting Questions: Series of ParagraphsWriting Questions: Open Response Short WritingWriting Questions: News ReportHow to prepare for the OSSLTOverview of the OSSLT