Presentation on theme: "Marquette: Be The Difference"— Presentation transcript:
1Marquette: Be The Difference MARQUETTE UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL PRO BONO LEGAL CLINICS STUDENT ORIENTATIONMarquette: Be The Difference
2Pro Bono Legal Clinics at MULS This training applies to the following three pro bono opportunities at the Law SchoolMarquette Volunteer Legal Clinic (MVLC)Marquette Legal Initiative for Nonprofit Corporations (M-LINC)Legal and Medical Partnership for Families (LAMP)
3Clinic Model & Overview Legal Information & Referral ServicesProvided by Volunteer AttorneysAssisted by Marquette Law StudentsTypically 2 hour shifts, approximately 1x per monthOpportunities to substitute for othersClinics operating 5 days per week at 6 locations
4MVLC Mission and History To serve the Milwaukee community in Marquette Law School’s Jesuit tradition by increasing access to justice and assisting unrepresented persons, while providing learning and mentoring opportunities for law students.HistoryStudent-driven project operating since 2002Largest MU Law School outreachOperating at the House of Peace since 2003; Spanish Center Hillview site since 2008; VA and Milwaukee Justice Center since 2009Provided services to Hurricane evacuees relocated to Milwaukee in 2005Provided services at Project Homeless Connect in 2010
5M-LINC Mission and History To help provide Wisconsin 501(c)(3) nonprofit organizations with access to free legal advice, while providing learning and mentoring opportunities for law students.HistoryProject operating since 2008Weekly clinics at MULSOverseen by MULS staff (Attorney Karin Werner)Over 800 questions answered for nonprofits in three yearsGenerally transactional legal issues (i.e., corporate, tax, employment, intellectual property, and employment law questions)
6LAMP Mission and History Provide collaboration between clinicians and lawyers to ensure that the basic needs of families are met. Improve the future health and well-being for low-income children in the City of Milwaukee.HistoryIn 2009, MULS partnered with Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, the Medical College of Wisconsin and Quarles & Bradyn LLP. A systematic advocacy model was designed to allow physicians to work beside lawyers to “treat” the social determinants that exacerbate health problems for children and families.
7MVLC Hours & Locations *House of Peace 1702 W. Walnut St. Tuesdays 3-7 p.m.*Hillview1615 S. 22nd St.Wednesdays 5–7 p.m.*Free Shuttle Service available to House of Peace and Hillview locations.Pickups at the Law School occur 15 minutes before and after the start of each shift; will accommodate students with classes ending at same time as shift startsMilwaukee County VA Services6419 W. Greenfield Ave1st & 3rd Mondays 4-6 p.m.Milwaukee Justice Center901 N. 9th St. Jury Management RoomFridays 2-4 p.m.
8M-LINC and LAMP Locations Wednesdays from 12:00 to 1:45 p.m. and 1:45 to 3:30 p.m.MULS Eisenberg Suite, Office 138DLAMPWednesdays from 2:00 to 5:00 p.m., two students work togetherDowntown Health Clinic at 1020 N. 12th Street (12th and State), just 4 blocks from the law school.
9Expectations What you can expect from us: What we expect from you: Attorney supervision and guidance at all sitesA schedule that matches your availabilityTransportation to MVLC’s House of Peace and Hillview sitesOn-site legal research resourcesWhat we expect from you:Keep track of your shifts and arrive on timeIf you know you will not be able to work – find a substituteFamiliarize yourself with the resources availableDress appropriately (business casual)
10Why Pro Bono?The childhood poverty rate in Milwaukee is the fourth highest in the nation.Although income is not considered for eligibility for MULS pro bono services, most clients are of very modest means.Two-thirds of MVLC clients report income of less than $1500 and all LAMP clients qualify for public benefits.Up to 80% of poor Wisconsin households that confront a legal need do so without legal assistance.
11Professional Ethics Obligations Wisconsin Supreme Court Rules of Professional Responsibility apply.Key rules:Competency & the Unauthorized Practice of LawConfidentialityConflicts of InterestUnauthorized Practice of LawConfidentiality, Wisconsin Supreme Court Rule (SCR) 20:1.6Conflicts of Interest, SCR 20:Checking for Conflicts at MVLC and LAMP, SCR 20:6.5Where Conflict and Confidentiality OverlapStudent Acknowledgement
12CompetencyOur work requires "legal knowledge, skill, thoroughness and preparation reasonably necessary for the representation." SCR 20:1.1Law students must never provide legal adviceThis would constitute the unauthorized practice of lawLaw students’ role is to support the attorney’s ability to provide competent legal advice with:Research of relevant substantive legal questionsResources that are available at the Clinic, andReferrals to other agencies (www.legalhelpmilwaukee.org).
13ConfidentialityAll information relating to your interview with a client is confidential.Do not disclose clients’ names or personal information to anyone outside of the Clinic.Do not discuss clients' stories or situations outside the Clinic.Do not remove interview notes from the Clinic.Avoid being overheard either during the client interview or in the clinic office.
14Conflicts of InterestIf a client's problem involves an entity that you have worked with outside of the Clinic, advise the attorney and excuse yourself from that interview.SCR 20:6.5 Nonprofit and court-annexed limited legal services programs special rulesA lawyer volunteering fora short-term limited legal services programsponsored by an accredited law schoolwithout expectation of ongoing representationIs NOT subject to the usual rules of conflict of interest UNLESS they have ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE of a conflict.Students only check for FREQUENCY of client visits, NOT conflict of interests.Example:
15ProfessionalismWe should treat all clients with professionalism and advocate on their behalf. To do so:Be attentive to clientsAvoid legaleseRespect clients’ viewpoints, even those with which you don’t sympathizeBe respectful of clients’ personal situations and culturese.g. of legalese: issue spotting,If you have to leave during a client interview, excuse yourself and explain the reason for your departure. If you know you will need to leave the interview early, alert the client at the outset.You will find some clients more sympathetic than others, and you will identify with some clients more than with others. Nevertheless, treat all of our clients professionally and with respect.
16Professionalism (continued) Listen carefully to clients' stories to understand their goalsEmpathize with clients to develop trust and rapportAsk any questions necessary to clarify or better understand the facts underlying clients’ problems or disputes.
17Appropriate Dress- What is “Business Casual?” ThisNot that
18Role of law students Prepare for interview Provide Explanation of Clinic ServicesAssist attorney in the interview processProvide research & resourcesMaintain pertinent records for siteConduct administrative duties – check with coordinator
19Resources- Research Materials All students must register prior to participationState Bar of Wisconsin BooksAttorneys Desk ReferenceJudicial BenchbooksEmployment & Workers CompensationFamily & Guardian Ad Litem HandbookWisconsin Nonprofit HandbookStatute of Limitations GuidebookWisconsin StatutesWisconsin Civil Procedures FormsWisconsin & Federal Court RulesAvailable online to registered users at (click on “Legal Research.” and then “Books Unbound”) All law students can access for free by registering as Law Student Associates with the State Bar.Legal Action of Wisconsin Legal GuidesFamily LawFoster CareElder LawSocial Security & SSIUnemploymentHousing & Landlord Tenant
20Resources – Top Ten Lists Top 10 Resources and Referrals Powerpoint
22Begin MVLC specific information The following slides apply only to the Marquette Volunteer Legal Clinic program.LAMP and M-LINC volunteers will now attend break-out sessions to provide information for their sites.
23Getting Started at the MVLC Sign-in and Record date & hours for Pro BonoWear a name tag (first name only)Pair up with an attorney with whom you will be working (up to 2 students per group) and make introductionsGather a new complete “file” for each interviewGo to waiting area for next client. Gather their intake sheet, introduce yourself, escort the client to an interview room/table, and introduce attorney.Do not discuss legal issues unless attorney is present
24Interview Process Review Intake Sheet Explain “Explanation of Clinic Services” document and have client sign the intake sheetDetermine if there is an opposing party and conduct conflicts check (at House of Peace & Hillview)Check for frequency – if there are any frequency problems or client is told not to return NOTE this in the space provided.Have attorney review for screening questionsTake notesFollow-up with questions to clarify facts or storyAssist attorney with research & referral informationPrepare Recommendations Sheet for client (write legibly)Provide Satisfaction Survey to client – include date/volunteer names at topComplete intake sheet information – ask Clinic Facilitator to check for completeness before submitting for data entry.
25Explanation of Services – Important Points to Explain to Client The Marquette Volunteer Legal Clinic is an information and referral service staffed by students like myself and volunteer attorneysWe will try to answer your question, provide a referral or suggest a strategy for dealing with your situationWe are unable to take ongoing cases or represent you in courtOur help is limited to our meeting with you todayAll matters we discuss will be kept confidential
26ConclusionTHANK YOU for your willingness to Serve!!!Do not worry about “knowing enough” on your first day:the MVLC allowed me to feel successful for the first time in law school. The classroom was not a place where I was feeling confident, but I did find that at the clinic! (Thanks!!!)-MVLC Student Volunteer