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L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Co Ordinate Geometry Midpoint of a Line Segment Distance Gradients Parallel lines Perpendicular lines Equation of a.

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Presentation on theme: "L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Co Ordinate Geometry Midpoint of a Line Segment Distance Gradients Parallel lines Perpendicular lines Equation of a."— Presentation transcript:

1 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Co Ordinate Geometry Midpoint of a Line Segment Distance Gradients Parallel lines Perpendicular lines Equation of a line –Two pointsTwo points –Point and gradientPoint and gradient Intersection of two straight lines Terms for excellence Rural Neighbours Goat fences Game park (2006 SINCOS) Game Park (2006 SINCOS) AnswersGame Park (2006 SINCOS) Answers Exam 2006 Questions Exam 2006 answers

2 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Midpoint of a Line Segment A B 3 6 A B 1.5 3 MP

3 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Midpoint of a Line Segment

4 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Distance A B 3 6 A B 3 6 6.708

5 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Distance

6 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Gradients A B A B 3 6

7 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Gradients

8 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Parallel lines B

9 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Perpendicular lines

10 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Equation of a line (Two points) The equation of a line can be expressed in the form where m is the gradient of the line and c is the y intercept. Given two sets of coordinates, we can place them into a formula to extract the equation of the line they are on. This formula is. Use both sets of coordinates to find out the gradientgradient Use one set of coordinates in place of y 1 and x 1 along with the newly found gradient (m) to form the equation for the line. Note that some rearranging of the formula is required to get it into the form

11 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Equation of a line (Two points) A B

12 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Equation of a line (Point and gradient)

13 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Equation of a line (Point and gradient) B

14 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Intersection of two straight lines

15 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Terms for excellence Collinear: Points that are on the same straight line. Perpendicular bisector: The perpendicular bisector of a triangle is a straight line passing through the midpoint of a side and being perpendicular to it. Circumcenter: Three perpendicular bisectors meet in a single point called the triangles circumcenter. Altitude: An altitude of a triangle is a straight line through a vertex and perpendicular to the opposite side. Orthocenter: The three altitudes of a triangle intersect in a single point, called the orthocenter of the triangle. The orthocenter lies inside the triangle. Circumcenter

16 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Rural Neighbours Draw a set of x and y axes that range from -8 to 8. Each value represents 1km. As you work through the exercise mark in the points and line segments on the number plane. 1.Farmhouse A is located at (-3, 7). Farmhouse B is located at (7,1). a)Plot these points and join them with a straight line, this is a road between two houses. b) Calculate the length of the road between farmhouse A and B.length 2.Farmhouse C is located at (-3,-6). A straight road leads from it to a shop represented by point S. The shop is located midway between house A and B. a)Show how you could calculate the coordinate for the midpoint between house A and B?midpoint b)How far is it from the shop to the house C? (It is a road, round to 1dp)far 3.What is the gradient of the line that represents road AB?gradient 4.What is the gradient of the line that represents road CS?gradient 5.Farmhouse D is located at (-7, -1). A straight road links house A to D. Is road AD parallel to road CS? Show valid reasons for your answer. parallel 6.For each road create an equation in the form y= mx + cequation

17 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson

18 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Goat Fences Questions 1. Are the fences parallel? Explain why or why not.parallel 2. The cost of fencing is $2.50 per metre. How much will it cost to build the two fences?cost An irrigation channel EF is perpendicular (at right angles) to fence AB and passes through its midpoint.perpendicularmidpoint 3.What is the equation of the line that represents the irrigation channelequation of the line 4.What are the coordinates where the irrigation channel and the fence CD intersect? intersect

19 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Game park questions QUESTION ONE (a) Calculate the distance between the points (5,-1) and (3,4). distance (b) Find the equation of the line joining the points (5, -1) and (3,4).equation QUESTION TWO Find the equation of the line that is perpendicular to the line and passes through the point (6,-3).equationperpendicular QUESTION THREE A large animal game park is set up on a grid system with the entrance at E (0,0) with north in the direction of the positive y- axis. There is a lion at the point L (3,6). The watering hole is at the point W (7,8) (a) The lion starts walking in a straight line from its position at L towards the watering hole at point W. When it is halfway between L and W, it turns at right angles to the line LW.halfway Find the equation of the line the lion is now walking on, i.e. find the equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line LW.equationperpendicular (b) A helicopter later sights the lion at point (8,1). At this point the lion is km from a zebra that is directly east of the watering hole at W. Find the co-ordinates of the zebra.

20 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Game park Questions QUESTION FOUR Prove that the point A (3,5), B(7,13) and C(17,33) are collinear. Plotting points is NOT sufficient.collinear QUESTION FIVE The altitudes of a triangle intersect at a point called orthocentre.altitudesorthocentre. Find the coordinates of the orthocentre, O, of the triangle WXY where the vertices of the triangle are W (-3,-3), X(5,-3) and Y(1,5). Plotting points is NOT sufficient.

21 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson Game park Answers

22 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 Questions

23 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 Questions

24 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 Questions

25 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 ANSWERS

26 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 ANSWERS

27 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 ANSWERS

28 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 ANSWERS

29 L2 Coordinate Geometry M.Guttormson EXAM 2006 ANSWERS Gradient Gradient in line equation Rearranged Midpoints Perpendicular Gradients Using midpoints Using (3, 0) Rearrange & solve QUESTION FOUR


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