3Allusion to Saturn (lines 8-19) “…where the king and queen posts stand out to receive your homage, when you have done reverence to the prostrate Saturn of an older dynasty on stepping over the sill…and the ceremony is over.”
4Pertinent Information on Saturn Roman God of agricultureAgriculture has a connection to golden agesRoman cultural heroSaturnalia – a Roman feast in his honorSocial order reversedSlaves ruled mastersMasters served slaves at the table
5Applications of Allusion to Text Thoreau puts all societal expectations and rules on the outside“king and queen posts stand out to receive your homage…”THEN“you have done reverence to the prostrate Saturn of an older dynasty on stepping over the sill.”When the “slaves” enter the house, they are the “masters” in a NEW “golden age” dwelling.
6Organization of TextThe speaker is traveling back in time to find an “enduring golden age.”First he passes the “king and queen,” then the Roman cultural god of agriculture, “Saturn,” finally arriving at the original “golden age” of “enduring” truth [“materials”].
7Inference – Purpose of Setting 1 Inference – Purpose of Setting 1. Which of the following best describes the house in the passage? 62%/74%A functional ideal that combines beauty and utilityA reasonable, inexpensive alternative to expensive mansionsA house to which the author hopes to bring his brideA solution to the problem of housing large familiesA dream house, filled with every possible convenience
8a sentence that presents a lengthy and complex argument Syntax-(Vocabulary) 2. The opening sentence (which ends on line 38) can best be described as 33%/73%a sentence that presents a lengthy and complex argumenta syntactically complex but unified sentencean amorphous sentence indicating the contents of a pleasant dreama balanced sentenced that describes first the house and next its inhabitantsa haphazard sentence that scrambles and repeats its topics
9Grammar – Pronoun Referent 3. In line 3, “which” refers to 97%/97% “dream” (line 1)“house” (line 2)“age” (line 2)“materials” (line 3)“work” (line 3)
10“primitive hall” (line 5) “cavernous house” (lines 11-12) Figurative Language: Metaphor/Analogy 4. The speaker contrasts his preferred house with which of the following? 82%/94%“primitive hall” (line 5)“cavernous house” (lines 11-12)“shelter” (line 21)“bird’s nest” (lines 39-40)“modern palace” (lines 57-58)
11“of enduring materials” (lines 2-3) Grammar - Adjective 5.In lines 1-11, which of the following does NOT modify “house” (line 2)? 52%/74%“standing” (line 2)“of enduring materials” (lines 2-3)“without ginger-bread work” (line 3)“useful to keep off rain and snow” (lines 7-8) (modifies “heaven”)“where the king and queen posts stand out” (lines 8-9)
12I sometimes dream of a larger and more populous house, standing in a golden age, of enduring materials, and without ginger-bread work, which shall still consist of only one room, a vast, rude, substantial, primitive hall, without ceiling or plastering, with bare rafters and purlins supporting a sort of lower heaven over one’s head, -- useful tokeep off rain and snow;
13The clause would better have been introduced by “but.” Syntax and Grammar 6. Which of the following is true about the syntax of the clause “and every thing hangs upon its peg that a man should use” (lines 25-26)? 48%/82%The clause would better have been introduced by “but.”The possessive pronoun “its” has an unclear referenceThe clause would have no grammatical ambiguity if the clause “that a man should use” were placed after “every thing.”The sentence would be clearer if the phrase “a man should use” were placed before “every thing.”The verb phrase “should use” represents an abrupt shift in tense within the sentence.
14such a shelter as you would be glad to reach in a tempestuous night, containing all essentials of a house, and nothing for house-keeping; where you can see all the treasure of the house at one view, and every thing hangs upon its peg that a man should use
16GrammarSuch a shelter as you would be glad to reach in a tempestuous night, containing all essentials of a house, and nothing for house-keeping; where you can see all the treasure of the house at one view, and every thing hangs upon its peg that a man should use; at once kitchen, pantry, parlor, chamber, store-house, and garret
17I. To send out II.To extinguish III.To annoy I only I and II only Diction – Colloquial and Complex Syntax 8. In lines 33-34, “put out” means which of the following? %/60%I. To send outII.To extinguishIII.To annoyI onlyI and II onlyI and III onlyII and III onlyI, II, and III
18“cell” (line 45) “hearth” (line 47) “alley” (line 48) Figurative Language and Thesis/Antithesis 9. The best contrast with the image of a “a bird’s nest” (lines 39-40) is %/80%“cell” (line 45)“hearth” (line 47)“alley” (line 48)“premises” (line 52)“palace” (line 58)
19expansive and self-dramatizing light and cheerful Tone and Vocabulary 10. After line 46, the author’s tone becomes more %/97%conciliatorynostalgictesty and criticalexpansive and self-dramatizinglight and cheerful
20“some aloft on rafters with the spiders” (lines 16-17) Inference – Microscopic 11. The most explicit suggestion that all who enter have the full freedom of the house is contained in 29%/29%“where the king and queen posts stand out to receive your homage” (lines 8-9)“some aloft on rafters with the spiders” (lines 16-17)“where the weary traveler may wash” (lines 19-20)“every thing hangs upon its peg that a man should use” (lines 25-26)“pay your respects to the fire that cooks your dinner” (lines 30-31)
21the small number of invitations that he has accepted Inference – Microscopic 12. When the author says “I am not aware that I have been in many men’s houses” (lines 53-54), he is commenting on 85%/91%the small number of invitations that he has acceptedhis general insensitivity to unpleasant surroundingsa lack of what he considers genuine hospitalityhis own lack of skill in being a good guestthe failure of his hosts to understand his thinking
22An allegorical idealization of pioneering life in America Inference – Macroscopic (also vocabulary and literary terms) 13. Which of the following best describes the passage as a whole? %/63%An allegorical idealization of pioneering life in AmericaA parody of an American utopian settlementA biting attack on the American homeAn oblique indictment of philistinism and selfish ostentationA parable applying the Golden Rule to personal hospitality
23“Advice to the Prophet” D – Speaker and theme (small)E – Infer small meaning and figurative languageC – Figurative languageE – Rhetorical purposeD – Infer theme smallC – Infer meaning figurative languageB – Infer meaning figurative languageB - Infer meaning figurative languageA - Infer meaning figurative languageE – StyleD - Literal meaningC – Infer whole theme