Presentation on theme: "The Big Belt House Architect: William E. Massie"— Presentation transcript:
1The Big Belt House Architect: William E. Massie Presented by: Hoda Homayouni
2The Big Belt House The architect and his works The project CNC Techs and MaterialsDesign and construction processAdvantages and challenges
3William E. MassieThe New Architect-in-Residence and a professor at the University of Montana.Pioneer in the use of computer and other advanced technology in designing inexpensive but daring homes.Received Progressive Architecture awards from Architecture Magazine for the design of the “Big Belt House”(2000).Believed that architect should make as well as design.
4Massie’s words“What I’m trying to do is an extension of modernism [that goes back to] its true beginnings –when modernist homes were reasonably priced. If someone is thinking of building a typical suburban house, I can do an interesting modernist house instead for the same amount of money. People don’t have to pay a huge premium to live in a beautiful and somewhat experimental space. The way light rakes across something curving is completely different from the way it strikes a flat wall.”
5Massie’s words“It’s those kinds of things that are now possible. And we know from the auto and aerospace industries that the ability to develop complex shapes is not just an aesthetic [achievement]. In making an automobile side panel, for instance, you can use less material to form a shape that is stronger on impact. I’m applying the same fabrication processes to architecture.”
6Big Belt House Relationship to the landscape Foreground topographies are assembled to develop the space of the building.
7Big Belt House Visual rhyming bounding together by distinct visual similarities.Continually connect to and move in relation to the landscape.
8CNC Techs & MaterialsMassie digitally designs a home and then breaks it down into small interlocking pieces. Many of these pieces, Massie manufactures himself. He uses inexpensive but durable materials, such as cut steel and concrete.
9CNC Techs & MaterialsMassie uses a lot of laser-cut and water-jet-cut steel. But he still uses a lot of Styrofoam because it is strong enough to build a construction form into which they can pour concrete.
10CNC Techs & materialsComputer-driven laser-cutting and milling machines shape the pieces at the shop of Massie’s four-person firm, pieces then are delivered to the site for the contractor to fit together like a giant puzzle.
11Design & ConstructionThe foreground topographies were assembled as the initial spatial construct in the form of a virtual computer model.The obtained program and structure became a critique of the building’s form.Methodology of section: A software calculated complexity within digital space by cutting a series of precise sections through the surfaces.
12Design & ConstructionThe code that was generated digitally was being analyzed as section.The code was deconstructed to create the formwork Utilizing a Computer Numerically Controlled milling machine.
13Design & Construction1500 individual pieces of rigid foam was CNC-cut from the architects digital files, like a child’s puzzle (reducing the necessity to measure on-site).
14Design & ConstructionThe concrete was cast with the forms laid flat on the ground slab, then left to cure before the resulting beams were tilted up into place
15Design & ConstructionAfter the concrete cured, the foam formwork was removed and recycled.Gaps between these pieces were filled in with hand-applied foam and ties and spacers added as needed to stabilize the forms.
16Design & ConstructionThe forms impressions on the concrete surface were in this case left exposed, where they create an interesting motif.
17Design & ConstructionOther details of the project produces with the assistance of digital techniques include the milled, transparent urethane gaskets into which the window glazing is set.
18The DetailsThe kitchen sink cast in cement using a mould milled from urethane.
19The DetailsAnother Massie innovation is a software program that simulates the physical performance of PVC piping.Massie has used this achievement in large scale at his PV1 project.
20The DetailsThe Big Belt house uses the same PVC pipe, bound together with twist ties for its roof structure. Only the ribs are concrete, the rest of the house is shotcrete over PVC pipe.
21The AdvantagesArchitect William Massie’s innovative designs go directly from PC to construction site, cutting costs dramatically.The use of computer technologies and primarily the output capability of Computer Numerically Controlled processes allows for a re-understanding of formal complexity with the main objective being the development of a more meaningful architecture.
22The ChallengesThe big challenge now is to change scale. There are still limitations to the equipment and resources. But William Massie is hopeful that he will be able to do a large building using these techniques soon. There is a company called Maloya Laser that now buying a huge new, highly automated German laser machine with a capacity of something like 10 feet by 20 feet. He would like to do a commercial building using that.