Presentation on theme: "Antenatal care Dr. Rekha Dutt Associate Professor Department of PSM ,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Antenatal care Dr. Rekha Dutt Associate Professor Department of PSM , Dr D.Y. Patil Medical college , Navi Mumbai
2 It is care of woman during pregnancy Primary aim : to achieve at end of pregnancy a healthy mother and healthy baby
3 ANTENATAL CARE objectives To promote, protect and maintain the health of pregnant womenTo detect high risk cases and give them special attentionTo foresee complications and prevent themTo remove anxiety associated with pregnancyTo reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidityTo teach elements of child care, nutrition, hygiene and sanitationTo sensitize her regarding family planningTo attend the under 5 children accompanying the mother
4 SERVICES Antenatal visit- a minimum of 3 visits 1st visit at 20 weeks 2nd visit at 32 week3rd visit at 36 weeks
5 Prenatal services Health history Physical examination- wt gain, BP Lab examination – urine analysis, CBC, blood grouping and Rh, serological examinationFe and folic acid supplementationTT immunizationHome visit by female health workerReferral services
6 RISK APPROACHIt is managerial tool for improved MCH care. Purpose is to provide better services for all but special attention to those who need them most. It is for max utilization of resources.High risk mothers are:Elderly primi (30 yrs and above)Short primi (140 cm and below)MalpresentationAPH ,Threatened abortionPreeclampsia, eclampsiaAnemiaTwins ;hydroamniosPrevious still birth, IUDeath, manual removal of placentaElderly grandmultiparaProlonged pregnancy (14 days after EDD)H/O previous Caesarean or instrumental deliveryPregnancy associated with general diseases
7 Maintenance of records Home visits –at least 1 by ANM or MPHWFPrenatal Advice :Diet – pregnant women requires 300 extra cal per day, additional Fe and folic acid, Ca and other nutrients are also requiredPersonal hygiene ,rest , bowels , exercise ,no smoking and alcohol , oral hygiene, sexDrugs-caution is requiredRadiation- malformation in fetusWarning signs- swelling of feet, fits, headache, blurring of vision, bleeding or discharge per vaginaChild care- nut education, child rearing , FP
8 Secific health protection : Anemia % of pregnant women are anemic (Hb < 11 gm %). The GOI initiated a prog in which 100 mg of elemental Fe and 500 mcg of F.A tab are givenOther nut deficiency- protein, vit A,D,iodineToxemia of pregnancy – increase in blood pressure and presence of albumin in urine. Check BP regularly.Tetanus – two doses of TT vaccineSyphilis – VDRL test at early and late pregnancy. Congenital syphilis is preventable.Injections of 1 gram procaine penicillin for ten days are adequate.German measles – congenital malformationsPrevention – rubella vaccine . Before vaccination it is advisable to rule out pregnancy and effective contraception be maintained for 8 weeks .Rh status – if women is Rh –ve and husband Rh+ve she is kept under surveillance. The blood is examined again at 28 weeks and weeks for Abs. Rh anti D immunoglobulin should be given at 28 weeks of gestation to prevent sensitization in first pregnancy. If baby is Rh +ve the Rh anti D immunoglobulin is again given with in 72 hours of delivery . Same should be done after abortion.HIV infection – prenatal screening . Infected women may choose abortions , informed decision on breast feeding .Prenatal genetic screening – for chromosomal abnormalities , congenital anomalies, haemoglobinopathies.
9 Mental preparation - free and frank talk on all aspects of pregnancy and delivery. Mother craft classes are beneficial .Family planning – more receptivePediatric component – care to under 5 accompanying the mother
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