3 Obstetrician Doctors who specialize in pregnancy and birth Gynecologist
4 1st Check Up Medical history Blood pressure, pulse, initial weight Pelvic measurementUrine analysisBlood testblood typeanemia: condition caused by lack of iron, which results in poor appetite, tiredness, and weaknessThis is the longest check-up. The father should go to the visit too!
5 How Often? 1st six months – once a month 7th & 8th month – twice a month9th month- once a week or more
7 What is a premature baby? Baby that is born before their development is completePregnancy was less than 36 weeksOften weigh less than 5 ½ pounds (last month of pregnancy is when they gain most of their weight)Small size and incomplete development can make them vulnerable to infection, lung ailments, etcFalse Labor pains is not a sign of early pregnancy
8 Rh Factor Most people are RH + = no complications Causes a problem to the baby when the father is Rh+ and the mother is RH-Rh Disease: type of anemia that destroys the baby’s red blood cells
9 Ironneeds more iron than usual to produce all the blood needed to supply nutrition to the placenta
10 FOLIC ACIDaids in the creation of the baby's nervous system. Folic acid can help prevent congenital defects such as, spina bifida, cleft palate or cleft lip.
11 Weight Gain for Mom Suggest between 25-30 lbs eat an extra 300 calories per daymuch of the weight gain goes to the growing baby and the tissues that support it
12 Physical ActivityShould be active unless told otherwise from her doctorAvoid contact sportshelps keep weight within normal activity, strengthens muscles used during birth, increases energyWhat are some activities that would be good for a pregnant woman?
13 What is a congenital problem? a physical or biochemical problem in a baby that is present at birth.Down SyndromeExtra chromosomeCleft LipMuscular DystrophyCerebral Palsy
14 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 3/1,000 babies have FASMother drinks heavily during pregnancyalcohol interferes with brain developmentheart defectspoor motor development
16 What causes congenital problems? Environmental causesnutritional balance of mother’s dietany disease or infections the mother may have during pregencyharmful substancesoutside hazards (radiation)HeredityErrors in chromosomes
17 What is a miscarriageThe natural ending of a pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can surviveMiscarriage reportedly occurs in 20 percent of all pregnancies. However, according to some sources, this may be an inaccurate number. Many women, before realizing a life has begun forming within them, may miscarry without knowing it-assuming their miscarriage is merely a heavier period.STILLBIRTH: the natural ending of a pregnancy after 20 weeksthe loss happens by accident and is not the fault of the father or mother
18 ALERT!!!! vaginal bleeding unusual weight gain severe abdominal pain prolonged back painincreased vaginal mucus
19 Ectopic Pregnancy development of fetus outside of the uterus Usually in the fallopian tubesThis cannot result in a successful pregnancy
20 HydrocephalusExtra fluid that is trapped around the brain. Without treatment children rarely survive, therefore, the excess fluid is surgically removed.
21 What is an ultra sound?technique using sound waves to make a video image of an unborn baby
22 Primary purpose of an ultra sound? to check for health problems and fetal developmentskeletal/ organ defects
23 AmniocentesisA sample of the amniotic fluid surrounding an unborn baby is withdrawn with a special needleThe fluid is checked for indications of specific birth defects or other health problems
24 Chronic Villi Sampling small sample of placenta is removedtest for birth defectsdone earlier in pregnancymore dangerous than amniocentesis
25 What is the purpose of genetic counseling? Some defects can be predictedService that combines a knowledge of heredity and birth defects with lab testsExplains options and riskTells parents in advance the statistical odds that their children will have a certain disease or defect