Presentation on theme: "PRENATAL CARE AND CHILDBIRTH. Be Good To Your Baby Before it is Born!"— Presentation transcript:
PRENATAL CARE AND CHILDBIRTH
Be Good To Your Baby Before it is Born!
Obstetrician Doctors who specialize in pregnancy and birth Gynecologist
1 st Check Up Medical history Blood pressure, pulse, initial weight Pelvic measurement Urine analysis Blood test blood type anemia: condition caused by lack of iron, which results in poor appetite, tiredness, and weakness This is the longest check-up. The father should go to the visit too!
How Often? 1 st six months – once a month 7 th & 8 th month – twice a month 9 th month- once a week or more
Problems in Prenatal Development
What is a premature baby? Baby that is born before their development is complete Pregnancy was less than 36 weeks Often weigh less than 5 ½ pounds (last month of pregnancy is when they gain most of their weight) Small size and incomplete development can make them vulnerable to infection, lung ailments, etc False Labor pains is not a sign of early pregnancy
Rh Factor Most people are RH + = no complications Causes a problem to the baby when the father is Rh+ and the mother is RH- Rh Disease: type of anemia that destroys the babys red blood cells
Iron needs more iron than usual to produce all the blood needed to supply nutrition to the placenta
FOLIC ACID aids in the creation of the baby's nervous system. Folic acid can help prevent congenital defects such as, spina bifida, cleft palate or cleft lip.
Weight Gain for Mom Suggest between lbs eat an extra 300 calories per day much of the weight gain goes to the growing baby and the tissues that support it
Physical Activity Should be active unless told otherwise from her doctor Avoid contact sports helps keep weight within normal activity, strengthens muscles used during birth, increases energy What are some activities that would be good for a pregnant woman?
What is a congenital problem? a physical or biochemical problem in a baby that is present at birth. Down Syndrome Extra chromosome Cleft Lip Muscular Dystrophy Cerebral Palsy
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 3/1,000 babies have FAS Mother drinks heavily during pregnancy alcohol interferes with brain development heart defects poor motor development
What causes congenital problems? Environmental causes nutritional balance of mothers diet any disease or infections the mother may have during pregency harmful substances outside hazards (radiation) Heredity Errors in chromosomes
What is a miscarriage The natural ending of a pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can survive Miscarriage reportedly occurs in 20 percent of all pregnancies. However, according to some sources, this may be an inaccurate number. Many women, before realizing a life has begun forming within them, may miscarry without knowing it-assuming their miscarriage is merely a heavier period. STILLBIRTH: the natural ending of a pregnancy after 20 weeks the loss happens by accident and is not the fault of the father or mother
vaginal bleeding unusual weight gain severe abdominal pain prolonged back pain increased vaginal mucus
Ectopic Pregnancy development of fetus outside of the uterus Usually in the fallopian tubes This cannot result in a successful pregnancy
Hydrocephalus Extra fluid that is trapped around the brain. Without treatment children rarely survive, therefore, the excess fluid is surgically removed.
What is an ultra sound? technique using sound waves to make a video image of an unborn baby
Primary purpose of an ultra sound? to check for health problems and fetal development skeletal/ organ defects
Amniocentesis A sample of the amniotic fluid surrounding an unborn baby is withdrawn with a special needle The fluid is checked for indications of specific birth defects or other health problems
Chronic Villi Sampling small sample of placenta is removed test for birth defects done earlier in pregnancy more dangerous than amniocentesis
What is the purpose of genetic counseling? Some defects can be predicted Service that combines a knowledge of heredity and birth defects with lab tests Explains options and risk Tells parents in advance the statistical odds that their children will have a certain disease or defect