Presentation on theme: "The unit for pressure is the Pascal (Pa)"— Presentation transcript:
1The unit for pressure is the Pascal (Pa) The amount of force applied per unit area on an object’s surfacePressure =Or P = F/AThe unit for pressure is the Pascal (Pa)1Pa = 1 N/m21kPa = 1,000 Pa
2Pressure P = F/A » 4N ÷ 0.003m2 = 1,333 Pa A water glass sitting on a table weighs 4N. The bottom of the water glass has a surface area of m2. How much pressure does the water glass exert on the table?P = F/A »4N ÷ 0.003m2 = 1,333 Pa
3Pressure P = F/A » 600N ÷ 0.012m2 = 50,000 Pa A student weighs 600 N. The student’s shoes are in contact with the floor over a surface area of m2. Calculate the pressure exerted by the student on the floor.P = F/A »600N ÷ 0.012m2 = 50,000 Pa
4Pressure P = F/A » 3,000N ÷ 2 m2 = 1,500 Pa What is the pressure exerted by a 3,000 N crate that has an area of 2 m2?P = F/A »3,000N ÷ 2 m2 = 1,500 Pa
5Pressure P = F/A » (manipulate formula) » F = P x A What is the weight of a rock that has an area of 10 m2 and that exerts a pressure of 250 Pa?P = F/A » (manipulate formula) » F = P x A250Nm210 m2X= 2,500 N
6Pressure P = F/A » (manipulate formula) » A = F/P A box that weighs 250 N is at rest on the floor. If the pressure exerted by the box on the floor is 25,000 Pa, over what area is the box in contact with the floor?P = F/A » (manipulate formula) » A = F/P250N25,000 N1 m2X= 0.01 m2
7Fluid Pressure What is a fluid? Pressure in fluids. A fluid is any substance that has no definite shape and can flow.Pressure in fluids.The height/depth of the fluid helps determine the pressure in the fluidPressure in fluids increases with depth.Fluids exert pressure in all directions on an object.
8Atmospheric Pressure What is an “Atmosphere”? In other words: A unit of pressure equal to the air pressure at sea level. It equals the amount of pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 millimeters high at 0 degrees Celsius under standard gravity, or 14.7 pounds per square inch (101,325 Pa).In other words:1atm = 101,325 Pa
9Atmospheric PressureMount Everest has been shown to be 29,028 feet high. The summit of Mount Everest has an average pressure around 30 kPa (30,000 Pa). Atmospheric pressure at sea level is 101,325 Pa.Why is pressure on top of Mount Everest a factor for mountaineers to consider before they embark on an adventure of a lifetime?Because so few climbers would be able to reach the summit by breathing natural airThe record of deepest SCUBA dive is currently held by Mark Ellyatt of 313 meters (1,027 feet) which was set on December 18, 2003.This was a pressure of 3,256, pa or psiNo one knows that exact depth and pressure the human body can withstand while scuba diving, but it is deeper than 1,500 feet (457 meters). No one is going to reach that depth while scuba diving because of various symptoms. Beyond 100 feet (30 meters), nitrogen narcosis affects someone's ability to think and at 150 feet (46 meters), they may become dizzy. Once a diver reaches 250+ feet (76+ meters), they are considered useless and become a safety hazard to themselves and people around them.
10Atmospheric Pressure Questions: 1. 0.5m of water in a large fish tank exerts ____ 0.5 m of water in a swimming pool. More pressure on the bottom than Less pressure on the bottom than The same pressure on the bottom as Can’t determine
11Atmospheric Pressure Questions: The Pascal is equal to _____________ of force applied over an area of ____________.Two Newtons; Two MetersOne Newton, One Square MeterOne Kilogram; One Square MeterTwo Kilograms; Two Meters
12Atmospheric Pressure Questions: In what direction is fluid pressure always directedWhat would happen if astronauts, who wear pressurized suits, took their suits off?Why don’t you notice atmospheric pressure on your body?An aluminum can is heated causing the air particles inside to become further apart from each other. The can’s opening is quickly sealed. What will happen to the can as it cools?
13Atmospheric Pressure Questions: In what direction is fluid pressure always directedWhat is the SI unit for pressure?Of the following choices, where would atmospheric pressure be the greatest?Altitude at which planes flyOn a mountain topAt sea levelBelow Sea level
14Atmospheric Pressure Questions: A 30 kg box is 0.2 m long and 0.15 m wide. What pressure does it exert on the floor?Why are cabins of jet planes pressurized?