Presentation on theme: "Ergonomics and Office Safety Training"— Presentation transcript:
1Ergonomics and Office Safety Training Facilities ManagementBy: Chaizong Lor, Safety Coordinator
2Office Safety Training Training Objectives:Slips, Trips & FallsElectrical HazardsOffice Related Ergo issuesHousekeepingWorkplace ViolenceSigns of CrisisWarning Signs of Escalating BehaviorReducing the RisksDefusing a threatening SituationRecapEmergency Preparedness
3Slips, Trips & Falls Prevent them by remembering the following: Do not allow cabling to create a tripping hazardClear up spillages quicklyDo not block passagewaysKeep office areas cleanKeep stacking and storage areas safe
4Slips, Trips & Falls Watch out for: Worn or loose carpets Broken stair tread edgesChipped floor boards and tilesWatch where you walkHigh heelsPick up objects that fall (i.e. pencils etc.)
5Electrical HazardsExtension cords shall only be used in emergency situationsCords shall be kept in good repair - no cuts or missing ground pointsCords placed so that they do not become a tripping hazardNever place a cord under a rug or through doorways - both may cause firesDo Not overload circuits
6Electrical Hazards Do Not piggy back surge protectors Avoid overloading outlets and power stripsDon’t plug one power strip into anotherCheck for worn or frayed cords and have them replaced immediatelyPiggy backedMulti-plug strips
7Office Related to Ergo Issues What is Ergonomics?Ergonomics is the science designed to “fit” with human capabilities and limitations.Improving the “fit” between work environment and employee can result in:improved employee comfortimproved employee productivityreduced chance for occupational injuries/illnessesimproved employee satisfactionDepending on your tasks, you may find a range of seated and standing postures that are comfortable.
8Office Related to Ergo Issues CTDs or Repetitive Strain/Motion Injuries (RSIs/RMIs) occur from repeated physical movements that place unnecessary stress on and damage to:TendonsNerves (Hand, wrist, arm shoulder, neck & back)Musclesand other soft body tissues
9Office Related to Ergo Issues Catalysts: at-risk typing/mousing technique, poor body positions, lack of adequate rest/breaks and excessive force.
10Office Related to Ergo Issues DesksWork Surface DepthLocation of Frequently Used Devices Should be located in Repetitive Access ZoneRecommended Zones for Workplace Components
11Office Related to Ergo Issues Feet, Knees, and LegsUse an adjustable work surface and chair that allow your feet to rest firmly on the floor, or use a footrestIf you use a footrest, be sure it is wide enough to accommodate different leg positions within your comfort zone.Knees should be about hip level and form a 900 angle between the thighs and lower legYour comfort zone is a range of positions that is generally appropriate and comfortable for your given work situation.Do not accept aches and pains as “part of your job”
12Office Related to Ergo Issues BackArrange your work so that you are looking straight ahead most of the time.Make sure your keyboard is parallel to the front of your desk when you are using it.Sit back in your chair and rest your upper body against the backrest.Change your sitting position at regular intervals by leaning slightly forward and then slightly backward.
13Office Related to Ergo Issues Forearms, Wrists, and HandsCheck your seat height - your elbows should be no higher than keyboard height.Don't deploy rear keyboard feet unless your elbows are below desk height.Thoroughly revise your whole working posture, making sure that your hands are in line with your forearms.Keep your forearms, wrists, and hands aligned in a straight, neutral position, whether you are working at a desk or table. Avoid bending your wrists while typing or using a pointing device.
14Office Related to Ergo Issues Forearms, Wrists, and HandsAt regular intervals do some exercise with your hands. (This relieves tension in the fingers, hands, wrists and forearms).Sit close to the desk and don't put things between you and the keyboard except a gel wrist restIf you rest your wrists on the table when you type you should use a wrist rest.
15Office Related to Ergo Issues Forearms, Wrists, and HandsUse your whole arm and shoulder to move the mouse, not just your wrist. Don't rest or anchor your wrist while using your pointing device; keep your wrist, arm, and shoulder free to move.RIGHTKeep your wrist in a straight, neutral position when using your pointing device.WRONGDon't angle your wrist when usingyour pointing device.
16Office Related to Ergo Issues Shoulders and ElbowsAdjust your chair height or keyboard height so that your shoulders are relaxed and your elbows hang comfortably at your sidesAdjust your keyboard slope so that your wrists are straight.
17Office Related to Ergo Issues EyesWorking at your computer for long periods can be a visually demanding task and may cause your eyes to become irritated and fatigued.Resting Your Eyes.Cleaning Your Monitor and Glasses.Use blinds or curtains to reduce the Glare from windows.
18Office Related to Ergo Issues Eyes Cont.Set the monitor at 0-15 degrees off the vertical. Start at 0 degrees, then angle it if you find an angle preferable.Your eyes should be at a comfortable viewing distance from the monitor (about arms’ length)For most people to view the screen comfortably it should be about 22-26" ( cm) away, so that your eye focus muscles do not have to work too hard.
19Office Related to Ergo Issues Eyes Cont.Look away from the screen every few minutes at a distant object.Symptoms (Eyes)General tirednessDry, itching feelingIrritated eyesBlurred visionHeadache
20Office Related to Ergo Issues Neck and HeadSet your computer so that the top of the visible area of the monitor is level with your eyes, when sitting up.Your head and neck should be upright, relaxed, and balanced between the shouldersUse a document holder to raise your reference material as close to the computer screen as possible.
21HousekeepingGood housekeeping is an important element of accident prevention in the officePoor housekeeping may lead to:Lead or contribute to firesInjuries to personnelUnhealthful working conditionsFree and clear of obstructions:Proper layout, spacing and arrangement of equipment or furniture3 feet of clearance around electrical panels, passageways, and office doorFire HazardsTrip HazardFor emergency egress
22Housekeeping Materials stored in supply rooms: Neatly stackedHeavy files placed in the bottom file drawsNothing above shoulder heightAnchor single file cabinets where possibleLower drawers should bear the heaviest loadNever open more than one drawerAlways close drawers when finished
23Housekeeping Office Furniture: Always use approved ladder or stool Never lean back in chair and put your feet on deskUse proper office equipment/tool for the job at hand (e.g., staple remover to remove staples).Damaged chairs, file cabinets, desks must be replaced
24Workplace ViolenceAny act against an employee that creates a hostile work environment and negatively affects the employee, either physically or psychologically.Any physical assault, threatening behavior, or verbal abuse occurring in the work setting.
25Signs of crisis Confusion Frustration Blame Anger Hostile Call University Police
26Warning Signs of Escalating Behavior Confusion SignsThe person appears distracted.They are unsure or uncertain of the next course of action.Responses to ConfusionListen Attentively to the personAsk clarifying questionsGive factual Information
27Warning Signs of Escalating Behavior Frustration SignsThe person is impatient and reactiveThe person resists information you are giving themThe person may try to bait youResponses to FrustrationMove the person to a quiet locationReassure them, talk to them in a calm voiceAttempt to clarify their concerns
28Warning Signs of Escalating Behavior Blame SignsThe person places responsibility on everyone elseThey may accuse you or hold you responsibleThey may find fault with othersThey may place blame on youResponses to BlameDisengage with the person and bring a second party into the discussionUse a teamwork approachDraw the person back to the factsShow respect and concernFocus on areas of agreement to help resolve the situation
29Warning Signs of Escalating Behavior Anger SignsThe person may show a visible change in body postureActions may include pounding fists, pointing fingers, shouting or screamingThis signals VERY RISKY BEHAVIOR!Responses to AngerDon’t argue with the personDon’t offer solutionsPrepare to evacuate the area or isolate the personContact your supervisor and security personnel
30Warning Signs of Escalating Behavior Hostility SingsPhysical actions or threats appear imminentImmediate danger of physical harm or property damageOut of control behavior signals the person has crossed the lineResponses to HostilityDisengage with the person and evacuate the areaAttempt to isolate the person if it can be done safelyAlert your supervisor and contact security immediately
31Reducing the risksIf threatened, call University police or 911Seek backup from a colleagueRefer students to Student Counseling ServicePractice good active listening skillsBehave in a calm, friendly, helpful manner
32Defusing a threatening situation Stay calmCommunicate respectListen to understandCooperateAim for a planLook after yourself
33Recap Employee Responsibilities under the Law If you witness or are a victim of workplace violence, YOU MUST REPORT it to University Police.
34Emergency Preparedness Emergency Planning Steps:Become familiar with evacuation routesKnow where the evacuation assembly area(s) are for your building(s)Look around and note locations of:Exits (not elevators)Fire extinguishersFire alarm pull stationsFirst aid kitsEmergency shower and eyewashesMemorize emergency phone numbers
35?? Any Questions (http://www.uwec.edu/facmgt/safety/traininglist.htm) Please visit FM Website(http://www.uwec.edu/facmgt/safety/traininglist.htm)for additional information.Revision Dated: August 30th, 2012