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FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference Overview of FAA Airplane Security Activities Dionne Krebs and Matt Schack Federal Aviation Administration.

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Presentation on theme: "FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference Overview of FAA Airplane Security Activities Dionne Krebs and Matt Schack Federal Aviation Administration."— Presentation transcript:

1 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference Overview of FAA Airplane Security Activities Dionne Krebs and Matt Schack Federal Aviation Administration

2 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 1 Topics of Discussion Background U.S. Congressional Actions Related FAA Activities ICAO Actions Next Steps Summary

3 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 2 9/11/01 Terrorist Attacks on the United States Background: Airplane Security 1997 ICAO adopts Amdt 97 to Annex 8 Design for Security 9/16/01: U.S. SOT forms Rapid Response Teams - Airplane Security - Airport Security 10/9/01: SFAR 92 Issued Permits operators to modify flightdeck doors without complying with certain requirements 10/17/01: SFAR 92-1 Issued Revises applicability to include cargo operators 10/01: ATA creates Task Force Teams to respond to RRT recommendations 10/1/01: Airplane Security RRT publishes 17 recommendations 9/27/01: President Bush Announces measures to increase aviation safety/security 3/2000 ICAO Amdt 97 to Annex 8 Design for Security becomes effective 6/2000 FAA revises ARAC tasking to include intrusion resistance for flightdeck doors 1999 FAA tasks ARAC with developing harmonized security related design provisions 11/5/01: Most ATA Task Force Teams submit reports to the FAA 11/9/01: TAEIG accepts ARAC recommendations for flightdeck doors 11/19/01: SFAR 92-2 Issued Allows cabin crew to retain flightdeck door key if internal locking device is installed 11/19/01: U.S. Congress Enacts the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (Public Law )

4 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 3 U.S. Congressional Actions Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) was enacted on November 19, 2001: creates Transportation Security Administration (TSA) addresses Federal Air Marshals, airport access security (baggage, people, etc.), passenger security fees establishes procedures/guidelines for emergency notification, crew training affects airplane design and operational procedures

5 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 4 U.S. Congressional Actions Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) FAA Aircraft Certification has prime responsibility for the following sections of the Act: 104(a)(1): Issue an order to prohibit access to flight deck, strengthen flight deck doors and locks, require locking of flight deck door, and prohibit possession of flight deck door key. 104(a)(2): Take any other action necessary to ensure safety and security of aircraft. 104(b): Evaluate video monitoring, transponders, and procedures for flight crew awareness 104(c): Investigate means to secure commuter aircraft

6 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 5 U.S. Congressional Actions Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) FAA Flight Standards has prime responsibility for the following sections of the Act: 107: Flight and cabin crew training 109(a)(6): Enhanced security measures (requirements for pilot licenses) 113: Flight school security 126: Less than lethal weaponry for flightdeck crews 128: Flightdeck security (use of firearms by flight crews) 131: Voluntary provision of emergency services during commercial flights

7 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 6 FAA Airplane Security Rulemaking Actions Part 25 Bulkhead NPRM Misc. Part 25 (Design for Security) NPRM Part 121 Transponder NPRM Decision re: mandating modifications for Part 23 airplanes ATSA 104(a)(2)ATSA 104(b)ATSA 104(c) ATSA 104(a)(1) IAR to expand applicability of SFAR 92 and Part 25/121 IAR to Part 129 operators Part 25/121 Door IAR (effective 1/15/02) Future Actions Part 121 Crew Awareness NPRM Accomplished Actions Prohibit access, strengthen doors, lock doors, prohibit possession of door keys Take any other action Evaluate video monitoring, transponders and crew alerting Investigate means to secure commuter aircraft SFAR 92-3 (effective 1/15/02) SFAR 92-4 (effective 3/19/02) Decision re: expanded applicability for part 121 Door Retrofit (to other operational parts)

8 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 7 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(a)(1) of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act: SFAR 92-3 (effective on 1/15/02) Mandates that flight deck doors on part 121 operated passenger airplanes and those cargo airplanes with doors installed be modified in accordance with the provisions of the SFAR Compliance time for modification is 45 days after effective date Permits N-registered airplanes operated under part 129 to be modified under the provisions of the SFAR (modification not mandatory) SFAR 92-4 (effective on 3/19/02) Removes termination date with respect to operators modifying airplanes

9 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 8 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(a)(1) of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act: (continued) Immediately Adopted Rule (IAR) (effective on 1/15/02): –Adopts a part 25 performance standard for flight deck door Impact Resistance: 300J at critical locations, 250 lb tensile load on knob or handle Ballistic Resistance: level IIIa of NIJ (small arms fire and fragmentation devices) –Mandates a part 121 rule to require installation of flight deck doors meeting the new part 25 performance standard Applicable to those airplanes required to have doors and for cargo airplanes with doors currently installed Compliance date April 9, 2003

10 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 9 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(a)(1) of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act: (continued) IAR (effective on 1/15/02): continued –Prohibits crew members (other than flightdeck crew members) from possessing keys to the flightdeck door –Requires flightdeck doors to remain locked while the aircraft is being operated –Requires procedures for accessing flightdeck –Requires means to address flightdeck crew incapacitation

11 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 10 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(a)(1) of Aviation and Transportation Security Act: (continued) IAR (effective on 1/15/02): continued –Invites comments on the rule itself –Solicits comments regarding whether flightdeck doors meeting the new part 25 performance standards should be required for operations and aircraft beyond part 121/25 Advisory Circulars related to the new performance standards : – Flightdeck Intrusion Resistance dated 1/10/02 – Flightdeck Penetration Resistance dated 1/10/02

12 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 11 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(a)(2) of Aviation and Transportation Security Act: Issue NPRM to: –Propose a part 25 performance standard for flight deck door installations (including bulkheads, floors, ceilings, etc.) Consistent with ARAC harmonized recommendations with respect to flight deck doors Issue NPRM to: –Propose a part 25 performance standard for the other design provisions of the ARAC harmonized recommendations

13 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 12 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(a)(2) of Aviation and Transportation Security Act: (continued) Evaluate if an NPRM is needed to: –Expand the applicability of the part 25 performance standards to the following operations: 91, 121 cargo without doors, 125, 129, and 135 Based on comments solicited in the IAR (part 25/121 door retrofit rule) Based on response from international authorities (for part 129)

14 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 13 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(b) of Aviation and Transportation Security Act: Issue an NPRM to: –Mandate that transponders provide continuous transmission Part 121 rule with policy memo Issue an NPRM to: –Address flight crew awareness Monitoring Crew Alerting –In consideration of ICAO Annex revisions

15 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 14 Related FAA Rulemaking Activities FAA planned response to section 104(c) of Aviation and Transportation Security Act: Evaluate if an NPRM is needed to: –Expand the applicability of the flight deck door retrofit rule and future rulemaking to part 23 airplanes (commuter aircraft) Based on comments solicited from: – IAR (Part 25/121 door retrofit rule) – ACE letter to constituents and FCAAs – Notice of Request for Comments (due 5/25/02)

16 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 15 FAA Certification Policy FAA Transport Airplane Directorate memos summarize existing regulations and policy for the following: Video camera monitoring systems (10/5/01) Cabin to flight deck alerting systems (10/29/01) Strengthened flight deck doors (5/14/02) Transponders (in-work)

17 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 16 Current Certification Projects 65 applications for airplane security related certification projects –strengthened flight deck doors –video camera monitoring systems –crew alerting systems –external door locks for cargo airplane Full compliance with existing airworthiness requirements must be shown High priority within FAA

18 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 17 FAA Operational/Procedural Activities FAA actions in response to the Aviation & Transportation Security Act: Defensive practices in flight (Section 107, 126 and 128) –FAA to evaluate lethal and non-lethal weaponry –FAA to evaluate defensive aircraft maneuvers Crew training (Section 107) –FAA to develop detailed guidance for air carrier flight and cabin crew training (completed 1/18/02) –Air Carriers to develop revised crew training based on updated FAA guidance (completed 3/20/02)

19 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 18 FAA Operational/Procedural Activities FAA actions in response to the Aviation & Transportation Security Act : (continued) Personnel Licensing (Section 109(a)(6)) –FAA to study the feasibility of requiring all pilot licenses to incorporate a photograph of the license holder and appropriate biometric imprints

20 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 19 ICAO Actions In March 2002, ICAO adopted airplane security standards to require: –reinforced cockpit doors –cockpit doors to remain closed and locked during aircraft operation –systems permitting pilots to monitor the area outside of the cockpit –flight attendants to discreetly notify pilots of suspicious activity –expanded security training

21 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 20 ICAO Actions Those adopted security standards: –apply to civil aircraft operated on international flights of more than 60 passengers –are effective November 1, 2003 ICAO also adopted a recommendation to extend those standards to domestic flights and to smaller airplanes

22 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 21 Next Steps FAA expectations regarding modification of part 129 operated airplane flightdeck doors clearly stated in Rulemaking Documents: –FAA expects that airplanes operated to and from the U.S. will be modified to install internal locking devices (Phase 1 modification) by April 2002 –FAA expects that airplanes operated to and from the U.S. will have Phase 2 improved flightdeck security by April 9, 2003

23 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 22 Next Steps FAA is monitoring actions of other regulatory authorities to determine whether specific rulemaking in part 129 is necessary –FAA and IATA surveys of international community shows that approximately 30 percent have not taken steps to secure flightdeck doors

24 FAA 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference 23 Summary Flightdeck security is a critical issue for the U.S. and is now mandated by law. The international community has recognized this issue; ICAO has mandated similar measures. Foreign air carriers operating to the U.S. are expected to comply with enhanced security measures in a manner similar to U.S. carriers.


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