Presentation on theme: "RDA Training: Topic 2: Identifying Work and Expression Magda El-Sherbini Based on LC Documentations with Modifications March 17, 2012."— Presentation transcript:
RDA Training: Topic 2: Identifying Work and Expression Magda El-Sherbini Based on LC Documentations with Modifications March 17, 2012
Terminology Title of the work: word, character, or group of words and/or characters by which a work is known Preferred title for the work: The form of title used when constructing the authorized access point Variant title for the work: The form of title used when constructing a variant access point (aka see references)
Source of Information Sources for preferred title for work (RDA ): For a work created after 1500: from resources embodying the work or reference sources -- looking for the most common form of the title (process usually results in using the title proper of the first manifestation received) For a work created before 1501: from modern reference sources
Source of Information If the evidence of modern reference sources is inconclusive for a work created before 1501, use (in this order of preference): a) modern editions b) early editions c) manuscript copies All other elements for works and expressions: any source
Works: Authorized Access Points RDA RDA : Describes how to put together the elements to construct an authorized point Preferred title is the basis Additions to the preferred title as instructed under RDA (there is no priority in terms of order) The preferred title follows the authorized access point for the creator
Preferred Title for the Work General instructions in RDA Specific instructions: parts (RDA 6.2.2) compilations (RDA 6.2.2) some musical works (RDA ) some legal works (RDA ) some religious works (RDA ) some official communications (RDA )
Examples On the source of information (Death by meeting) Death by meeting On the source of information (The tragedy of Romeo and Juliet) Romeo and Juliet (preferred title) Romeo and Juliet The tragedy of Romeo and Juliet
Form of Work (RDA 6.3) Scope = class or genre to which a work belongs -- no controlled vocabulary Core if needed to differentiate a work Access point: added in parentheses to preferred title for the work Example: 130 _0 Oceans eleven (Motion picture)
Date of Work (RDA 6.4) Scope = earliest date associated with a work Date work was created, first published, or released Core if needed to differentiate a work Access point: added to preferred title for the work (subfielding will vary) Examples: 130 _0 Oceans eleven (Motion picture : 2001) 110 2_ Connecticut Commission on Children. $t Annual report (2005)
Place of Origin of the Work (RDA 6.5) Scope = country or other territorial jurisdiction from which a work originated (includes local place) In authorized access point form (RDA ch. 16) Core if needed to differentiate a work Access point: added to preferred title for the work (subfielding will vary) Example: Advocate (Boise, Idaho)
Other Distinguishing Characteristic of the Work (RDA 6.6) Scope = a characteristic other than form of work, date of work, or place of origin of the work that serves to differentiate a work from another work or from the name of a person, family, or corporate body Core if needed to differentiate … Access point: added to the preferred title for the work (subfielding will vary) Example: 130 _0 Research paper (JJ Society)
Responsible Entity Related to Work (i.e., Creator) RDA and RDA : when creating the authorized access point for the work, precede the preferred title for the work, if appropriate, by the authorized access point representing the person, family, or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of the work
Creator (RDA 19.2) Creator = person, family, or corporate body responsible for the creation of a work If more than one, only the creator having principal responsibility named first in resource is required If more than one and principal responsibility not indicated, only the first-named creator is required Change from AACR2: no rule of three in RDA, name the work by its preferred title when there are more than three creators
Chapter 19: Entity Responsible for a Work Sources (RDA ): Preferred sources of information (RDA 2.2.2) Other statements appearing prominently in the resource Information appearing only in the content Other sources
Collaborative Works For collaborative works, the creators may perform the same or different roles (RDA ) Choosing the creator when creating an authorized access point for a collaborative work is the same whether the creators are performing the same or different roles; youre still selecting the first-named creator according to the guidelines on the previous slide. There are some exceptions in RDA for collaborative works when the first-named creator is not used to name the work: moving image resources (named by preferred title), some resources having both corporate bodies and persons as responsible entities (more about this on a later slide), and nearly all serials.
Example: Creators With Principal Responsibility 100 1_ Sweet, Martha Georgia history / $c by Martha Sweet and Linda Bruce with contributions by Gus Peterson and Marilee James. *700 1_ Bruce, Linda. *700 1_ Peterson, Gus. *700 1_ James, Marilee. *number of access points for other creators: cataloger s judgment
Example: Creators With No Principal Responsibility Indicated 100 1_ Brown, Susan Architecture / $c by Susan Brown, Melanie Carlson, Stephen Lindell, Kevin Ott, and Janet Wilson. *700 1_ Carlson, Melanie. *700 1_ Lindell, Stephen. *700 1_ Ott, Kevin. *700 1_ Wilson, Janet. * number of access points for other creators: catalogers judgment
SPECIAL CASES OF PREFERRED TITLE
Preferred titles: Parts of the Bible (RDA ) Refer to the Old Testament and the New Testament by their spelled-out forms (not O.T. and N.T.) Omit the name of the testament in the preferred title for individual books or groups of books
Compilation of Works RDA: do not name the compilation by the first work in the compilation as AACR2 does in some situations, because doing so misidentifies the compilation (a work of works) Can give authorized access points for each work/expression If there is no collective title, the cataloger has the option to devise the title proper (alternative option, catalogers judgment)
Preferred Title for Compilations of One Person, Family, Corporate Body RDA Categories: Complete works = use Works Complete works in a single form = use term chosen by cataloger Other compilations of two or more works in same form or different forms = give preferred title for each work
Alternative: Other Compilations Instead of or in addition to giving the preferred title for each work, use a conventional collective title, e.g.,: Works. Selections Posters. Selections Orchestra music. Selections For music conventional collective titles, see RDA ; for law, see RDA
Examples Compilation: 2 Works, the Same Creator Miller, Arthur, $d Plays. $k Selections Two plays / $c Arthur Miller. 505 _0 The Archbishops ceiling -- The American clock Miller, Arthur, $d $t Archbishops ceiling Miller, Arthur, $d $t American clock.
Compilation of Works by Different Creators and No Collective Title Community band concerts / $c Sharon Polk. Fall harvest festivals / Terri Swanson Polk, Sharon. $t Community band concerts Swanson, Terri. $t Fall harvest festivals.
Core Elements for Musical Works Medium of performance (RDA 6.15) Numeric designation of a musical work (RDA 6.16) Key (RDA 6.17)
Simultaneous Publication: Different Titles in Same Language Choose the preferred title based on title of the resource first received (not the resource published in the home country) Example: U.K. volume received first: Walking in Britain U.S. volume received later: Day walks in Britain Preferred title = Walking in Britain
Example US EditionCanada/UK Edition
MARC Coding US edition received first: A rule against murder A rule against murder The murder stone Canadian edition received first: The murder stone The murder stone A rule against murder
Simultaneous Publication: Different Titles/Languages No longer a priority order of languages – use title in resource first received Example: Serial published simultaneously in German and English versions German-language version received first English-language version received later Preferred title = title from German-language version
Elements for Expressions Reminder: work is expressed through language, sound, movement, etc. and includes performances
Title of an Expression? No! -- A separate form of title doesnt exist in the FRAD model Instead (dont worry!), build the access point for an expression by adding identifying attributes to the access point for the work (RDA 5.5/5.6)
Expressions: Authorized Access Points RDA : how to put together the elements to construct an authorized point [with links back to specific elements] Authorized access point for the work is the basis Additions to the authorized access point for the work (no priority order)
Additions to the Authorized Access Point for the Work 6.9: content type * 6.10: date of the expression * 6.11: language of the expression * and/or 6.12: another distinguishing characteristic of the expression *
Content Type (RDA 6.9) Scope = fundamental form of communication in which the content is expressed and the human sense through which it is intended to be perceived... Controlled vocabulary in RDA Access point: in subfield $h Example: 130 $a Why a man should be well dressed $h Spoken word [For the audiobook of a printed text]
Date of Expression (RDA 6.10) Scope = earliest date associated with an expression May use date of the earliest manifestation embodying the expression Core if needed to differentiate an expression of a work from another expression of the same work Access point: in subfield $f Example: Wilde, Oscar, $d $t Works. $f 2000
Language of Expression (RDA 6.11) Scope = language in which a work is expressed Use term(s) from the MARC 21 list of languages Access point: subfield $l (not repeatable)
Language of the Expression Careful: distinguish between a resource with one expression in more than one language; a resource with two or more expressions of the same work, each in different language(s)
Resource with One Expression *041 1_ eng $h fre 100 1_ Brunhoff, Jean de, $d Babar en famille. $l English Babar and his children. *546 English translation of the authors original French work. * MARC fields 041 and 546 indicate/describe the Language of the content (RDA 7.12).
Many Languages in One Expression If multiple languages in one expression, list each language (not Polyglot) if creating an authorized access point
Examples Antigo Testamento Poliglota : $b Hebraico, Grego, Português, Inglês. 546 __ Text in Greek, Hebrew, Portuguese, and English in columns on facing pages Bible. $p Old Testament. $l Hebrew Bible. $p Old Testament. $l Greek Bible. $p Old Testament. $l Portuguese Bible. $p Old Testament. $l English * Only the first 730 is required; others: catalogers judgment.
Other Distinguishing Characteristic of the Expression (RDA 6.12) Scope = a characteristic other than content type, language of expression, or date of expression that serves to differentiate an expression from another expression of the same work Core if needed to differentiate an expression of a work from another expression of the same work Access point: added to the authorized access point for the work Some characteristics have their own subfields in access point: subfield $k for Selections subfield $o for musical works (e.g., arranged) subfield $s for versions of the Bible, etc.
Other Distinguishing Characteristics of an Expression 130 #0 $a Nutcracker (Choreographic work : Baryshnikov) 100 1# $a Dickens, Charles, $d $a Oliver Twist. $k Selections 130 #0 $a Bible. $l English. $s Authorized. $f # $a Schubert, Franz, $d $a Songs, $k Selections; $o arranged
Variant Access Points for Works and Expressions (RDA ) Variant access points for works and expressions are not core elements in RDA. If a library creates authority records for works and expressions, it will need a policy on which variants to include. An important aspect of that policy would be the importance of that variant form for the use to be able to find or identify the work/expression.
Examples: Variant Access Points 130 $a Traditional music from Thailand 430 $a Thailands traditional music 130 $a Series on accounting practices 410 $a National Accounting Society. $t Series on accounting practices 100 $a Lindgren, Astrid, $d $t Pippi Långstrump. $l English 400 $a Lindgren, Astrid, $d $t Pippi Longstocking
Exercise From LC RDA examples: Preferred title Nov. 2, 2010
2. RDA - work is published concurrently under two different titles proper in different languages : Comment: preferred title = based on the title proper of the manifestation first received, not on the language in a preferred order of languages; if the Spanish expression is received first, its title becomes the preferred title for other language expressions received/cataloged later Spanish expression received first and cataloged: $a Revista de política y derecho ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe English expression received later and cataloged: 130 0# $a Revista de política y derecho ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe. $l English $a Journal of environmental policy and law in Latin America and the Caribbean.
6. RDA -- compilation of three or more works in different forms by the same creator (if a conventional collective title is used as the preferred title): 100 1# $a Twain, Mark, $d $a Works. $k Selections. $f $a Two novels and favorite essays / $c Mark Twain. 260 ## $a St. Louis : $b CJK Publishing Company, $c # $a Tom Sawyer -- Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs court -- Selected essays $a Twain, Mark, $d $t Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
7. RDA -- compilation of two works in different forms by the same creator without a collective title (if a conventional collective title is used as the preferred title): 100 1# $a Poe, Edgar Allan, $d $a Works. $k Selections. $f $a The raven ; $b The pit and the pendulum $a Poe, Edgar Allan, $d $t Raven $a Poe, Edgar Allan, $d $t Pit and the pendulum.