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Calendar. Автор: учитель английского языка МБОУ Кагальницкая СОШ 1Семерок Н.А.

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Presentation on theme: "Calendar. Автор: учитель английского языка МБОУ Кагальницкая СОШ 1Семерок Н.А."— Presentation transcript:

1 Calendar. Автор: учитель английского языка МБОУ Кагальницкая СОШ 1Семерок Н.А.

2 April 22 Arbor Day May 1st week Be- Kind-to- Animals Week May 8 World Red Cross Day May 2nd Sunday Mothers Day June 1 st week Teacher Thank You Week June 3 rd Sunday Fathers Day

3 January 1 st week New Year February 14 th St. Valentine's Day April Easter October 31st Halloween Thanksgiving Day 4 th Thursday of November. December 25th Christmas

4 Invitations. Formal. Dear __Sue_, Please come to my party. At ___9, Brookside__ Date __8 th July__ Time __8 oclock__ From ___Jane__ Dear ________ Thanks for the invitation. I would love to come. I am unable to come. From _______

5 Invitations. Informal. We are having a party On Saturday at 8 oclock. Please come and bring a friend. Yours, George.

6 Are Russian and British traditions different? In BritainIn my culture Traditions First FootLetting a cat to be first to enter in new home Celebration New Year, Christmas, Halloween, St. Valentines day, Bank Day, Guy FawkesNight. New Year, Christmas, Labor Day, Womans Day, 23d February, Victory Day, Easter, Maslenitsa. Occasions Birthday, name-day, sakename day, buying new home, a party, graduation, getting a new job, a house warming party. Birthday, name-day, buying a new home, graduation, a home warming, an anniversary. Gifts Flowers, chocolate, books, records, CDs, decoration, perfume, hand-made gifts. Painting, puzzle, flowers, chocolate, books, records, CDs, decorations, perfume, hand- made gifts. Manners To queue in a line waiting for a bus To keep distance talking to a person Not to bump into another person To wait patiently when a group of people have Queue for service Not to take off shoes as soon as they enter someones home To take off shoes entering someones home To make way for a girl or older people To give up your seat in favour of older people or other people who need it To say Good appetite to people that are having a meal

7 British holidays, traditions and customes.

8 New Year There are a number of holidays, which are celebrated in Great Britain every year. One of them is, of course, New Year's Day on the first of January. It is not so popular in England as in our country, but it is rather popular in Scotland. On that day people usually visit their friends and there is a lot of dancing and eating. In Scotland people bring a piece of coal for good luck in the New Year.

9 New Years Eve all British celebrate on the 31st of December. Most people see with friends and relatives. At midnight on New Years Eve, every body joins hands and sings New Year songs and wishes their nearest and dearest a happy New Year.

10 In Scotland and the North of England there is an interesting tradition called The First Foot. The first visitor who comes into a house in the New Year morning is the First Foot. If he is with dark hair and a man or a boy, he will bring good luck. He must have some food, some money or a coal for the fire. The First Foot

11 St.Valentines Day. St.Valentines Day has roots in several legends. Cupid, the Roman god of love, is one of the earliest popular symbols of the day. Valentine was a Christian priest. He lived 300 years after the death of Jesus Christ in the Roman Empire. On February 14 Valentine was killed because he was a Christian. He married couples contrary to the lows of the Roman Empire. St.Valentines Day is now a day for sweethearts. Most people send valentines, sentimental and heartfelt greetings cards.

12 День святого Валентина. Истоки Дня святого Валентина лежат в нескольких легендах. Купидон, римский бог любви,- один из ранних популярных символов. Валентин был по христиански священником. Он жил в Римской империи через триста лет после смерти Иисуса Христа. Сейчас День святого Валентина – день всех влюбленных. Многие посылают « валентинки», сентиментальные и прочувствованные поздравительные открытки.

13 St. Valentine's Day The next holiday of the year is St. Valentine's Day. It is on the 14th of February. People buy or make Valentine cards and send them to the people they love.

14 Mother's Day In May there is Mother's Day. All the children, little or adult ones, come to their mothers on that day to express their love and gratitude.

15 Easter In April there is Easter. At Easter children eat chocolate Easter eggs. Sometimes parents hide them in the house or in the garden and children have to look for them.

16 Father's Day. In June there is Father's Day. On Father's Day children give or send their fathers and grandfathers cards and presents.

17 Halloween. On the 31st of October there is a Halloween. People say ghosts and witches come out on Halloween. People make lanterns out of pumpkins. Some people have Halloween parties and dress as witches and ghosts. At Halloween children make Jack OLanterns candles are put inside hollow pumpkins which have holes cut into them in the shape of eyes and a mouth!

18 Put the sentences in the order to find out how to make a Jack OLantern. 1.Put the candle inside the pumpkin. 2.Cut a nose and a mouth. 3.Cut eyes. 4.Take a huge yellow pumpkin. 5.Light the candle. 6.Put the pumpkin near or in the house.

19 Хэллоуин На Хэллоуин дети делают свечи-фонари, помещенные в полых тыквах, которым сделали отверстия в форме глаз и рта!

20 For Christmas, a Christian holiday held on December 25th in honor of the birth of Christ. Mainly used in writing, for example on shop signs and Christmas cards! Christmas

21 Christmas Day. The 25th of December is Christmas Day. It is one of the people's favourite holidays. People put Christmas trees in their houses and decorate them. There are beautiful Christmas decorations in the streets. On Christmas Eve everybody puts the presents under the Christmas tree. People say that at night Father Christmas puts presents into the stockings which children usually hang on their beds. The traditional Christmas meal is roast turkey and Christmas pudding.

22 Рождество. Рождество -христианский церковный праздник, который празднуют 25 декабря в честь рождения Христа. В этот день пишут и дарят рождественские открытки.

23 Chinese New Year.

24 The Chinese New Year is celebrated in early February. It is a time when people chase away the evil spirits by setting off firecrackers. A huge cloth dragon sways back and forth around the street corners chasing a red sunball or a white pearl- ball. Following the dragon people are dancing and playing drums and gongs. Chinese New Year

25 Китайский новый год Китайский новый год отмечают в начале февраля. В это время люди прогоняют злых духов с помощью фейерверков. Гигантский тряпочный дракон движется по улице преследуя красный или белый шар. Сзади идут люди танцуют, бьют в барабаны и трубят в гонги

26 Telegram from the Queen. Each British person gets a telegram from the Queen on his or her hundredth birthday.

27 Stonehenge.


29 Midsummers Day, June 24 th is longest day of the years. On that day a very old custom at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England, is observed. Stonehenge is one of the Europes biggest stone circles that is 10 or 12 meters high. The earliest part of Stonehenge is approximately 5,000 years old. But what was Stonehenge? A holy place? A market? Or kind of calendar? Actually the Druids priests in Britain used Stonehenge for a calendar.

30 Stonehenge. They introduced it about 2,000 years ago. The sun stones at Stonehenge let the Druids know when the months and seasons start. On the morning of June 24 th the sun shines on one famous stone - the Hell Stone, this is the most important moment of the years for the Druids. There are Druids in Britain today, too, and every June a lot of them attend Stonehenge. It is a strange, ancient, rare but still living custom.

31 Thanksgiving Day Thanksgiving is always on the 4 th Thursday of November. People work a lot before the holiday. Dad usually buys the turkey. Mum stuffs the bird with herbs and bread. Then she roasts it. Its important not to burn the bird. We celebrate Thanks-giving in the family circle. First, we have a church service. Then we have a traditional Thanksgiving dinner: A roast turkey, potatoes, and popcorn. For dessert we prefer a pumpkin pie with vanilla ice cream.

32 Thanksgiving Day 1.In the USA Thanksgiving Day started as a holiday of thanksgiving in the early days of the American colonies about 400 years ago. 2.In 1620, a boat with more than 100 people sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to the New World to what is now the state of Massachusetts. 3.Their first winter was very difficult and without fresh food half the colony died. 4.The Native Americans showed them how to grow corn, a new food for colonists, they showed them how to hunt and fish. 5.In the autumn of 1621, bountiful crops of corn, beans and pumpkins were picked up. 6.The colonists had much to be thankful for. They invited the local Indians to a Thanksgiving dinner. In the following years, many of the original colonists celebrated the autumn crops with a holiday of thanks. After the United States became an independent country, Congress introduced one Day of Thanksgiving Day for the whole nation to celebrate. Its observed on the 4 th Thursday of November.

33 Thanksgiving Day. 1.What did the colonists give thanks for? 2.What role did the local Indians play? 3.Who introduced the national holiday of Thanksgiving in the USA? 4.In honour of what event would you like to introduce the holiday of Thanksgiving.

34 Праздник благодарения. 1.В США День благодарения образовался как праздник благодарности, с ранних дней американских колоний – около 400 лет назад. 2.В 1620 году корабль с более чем сотней людей на борту пересек Атлантический океан к Новому Свету, к месту, где сейчас штат Массачусетс. 3.Первая зима была очень трудной, и без еды половина колонии вымерла. 4.Коренные американцы показали им, как выращивать кукурузу, новую пищу для колонистов, как охотиться и ловить рыбу. 5.Осенью 1621 года были собраны щедрые урожаи кукурузы, бобов и тыкв. 6.Колонистам было за что благодарить. Они пригласили индейцев на благодарственный обед.В последующие годы многие из первых колонистов отмечали осенний урожай праздником благодарения. После того как Соединенные Штаты стали независимым государством, конгресс ответил один день для праздника благодарения для всей нации. Его отмечают в четвертый четверг ноября.

35 There is a funny tradition, connected with New Year : the First Foot. This is the first visitor to enter a house on New Year morning. The First Foot must be a man because it is bellieved that if a woman first sets foot in the house, bad luck will follow hroughout the year. The first visitor must food,drink and coal into the house. They are symbols of good luck. First Foot.

36 Russian winter festivals.

37 Maslenitsa Maslenitsa is the week before Lent. Its when Russians say goodbye to winter and welcome spring. Its a time of singing, dancing and fun. Theres a lot to eat, too especially- blinis, which are delicious butter pancakes.

38 Maslenitsa Children dress up and play in the snow. We go for sleigh rides, go sledging, have snowball fights and lots more. We make a straw doll of Lady Maslenitsa, who is dressed in special clothes. On Sunday evening, we burn Lady Maslenitsa on a big bonfire. The spring festival is over and Lent begins.

39 MASLENITSA There is an ancient religious holiday which is called "Maslenitsa". It is connected with the end of winter. It is celebrated with cooking lots of pancakes. People eat pancakes with caviar and go for long jolly walks "gulyanya".

40 MASLENITSA After this holiday the great Past begins so people try to get as much fun as they can and eat a lot. Many people nowadays ignore this tradition but still there are some people who follow it.

41 What do people do at Christmastide? have a carnival. tell fortunes. make a snowman. ride a troika. play snowballs. build a townlet. climb a pole for a gift. wear fancy costumes. sing carols.

42 Creative work.

43 How you have made a surprise. It was my mother `s birthday. In the morning my parents went to my Granny. My sister Sveta and I tidied up our flat. We decorated it with bows and ribbons. When our parents came home and saw it they were surprised. In front of the boor there hang a poster «Happy Birthday, Mother». We put the candles on the cake and Mother blew them up. She was very happy.

44 Как я удивил. У мамы был день рожденья. С утра родители поехали к бабушке. Я и моя сестра Света убрались в квартире. Мы украсили её бантами и лентами. Когда родители вернулись и увидели, они были очень удивлены. Напротив двери висел плакат: «С днём рождения, Мама». Мы воткнули свечи в торт, и мама их задула. Она была счастлива.

45 I love many holidays especially New Year. Also I carefully prepare for it, I buy gifts, cards and other trifles. I like this holiday because I can meet all people which to me are dear. It is good occasion to gather all family. I like to receive gifts and to give their most. I and my younger brother help mum to cook different tasty food. When all visitors come we sit down a table. At 24.00 we usually go to start fireworks. And when all again I collect behind a table we recollect all good, that was in the past to year.

46 Я люблю многие праздники особенно Новый Год. Также я тщательно готовлюсь к нему, покупаю подарки, открытки и прочие мелочи. Мне нравится этот праздник потому что я могу встретиться со всеми людьми которые мне дороги. Это хороший повод собраться всей семьей. Мне нравится получать подарки и дарить их самому. Мы с мои младшим братом помогаем маме готовить разную вкусную еду. Когда приходят гости все мы садимся за стол. В 24.00 обычно мы идем запускать фейерверки. А когда все опять собираются за столом, мы вспоминаем все хорошее, что было в прошлом году. Мой любимый праздник.

47 New Year My favourite holiday is New Year. It celebrate on thirty first of December in twelve one o'clock in the morning. I love it because to me give gifts. In new year I buy many different salutes and I start them. I spend this holiday with parents.

48 Мой любимый праздник новый год. Его празднуют тридцать первого декабря в двенадцать часов ночи. Я люблю его, потому что мне дарят подарки. В новый год я покупаю много разных салютов и запускаю их. Этот праздник я провожу с родителями.

49 Presents When I was eight my parents made me a surprise. It was my birthday. In the morning my parents came to my room to congratulate me. They gave me presents. There were clothes and toys. I liked them very much. Of curse I wanted a puppy very much but I knew they would not give it to me. But when my friends came to my party my father went somewhere and returned with a big box. In the box there was a wonderful puppy. It was a dachshund. I was really happy. They surprised me a lot. Now Tommy is a big dog and we all love him very much.

50 Подарки Когда мне было восемь лет, родители сделали мне сюрприз. У меня был день рождения. Утром родители пришли ко мне в комнату поздравить меня. Они подарили мне подарки. Это была одежда и игрушки. Мне они очень понравились. Конечно, я хотел щенка, но я знал, что они мне его не подарят. Но когда друзья пришли ко мне на вечеринку, папа куда-то ушёл и вернулся с большой коробкой. В коробке был замечательный щенок. Это была такса. Я был очень счастлив. Они меня очень удивили. Сейчас Томи уже большая собака, и мы все его очень любим

51 The Snow Maiden Once upon a time there lived an old woman and an old man. They had no children. Once in winter they made a Snow Maiden. The Snow Maiden became alive. They said that she would be their daughter. She loved them very much and was a help in their old age. They were happy. But then the summer came. The Snow Maiden met a young man and fell in love with him. He felt the same for her. There was some festival and Snow Maidens girl friends went to jump over a fire. The Snow Maiden didnt want to jump because her parents told her not to, but her friends persuaded her to do it. Snow Maiden jumped and melted.

52 Снегурочка. Однажды давным – давно жили старик со старухой. У них не было детей. Как – то зимой они слепили Снегурочку. Снегурочка ожила. Они сказали, что она будет им дочерью. Она их очень любила и была им помощью на старости лет. Они были счастливы. Но затем пришло лето. Снегурочка встретила молодого человека и влюбилась. Он чувствовал то же к ней. Был праздник,и подруги Снегурочки пошли прыгать через костер. Снегурочка не хотела прыгать, потому что родители запретили ей, но подруги уговорили ее. Снегурочка прыгнула и растаяла.

53 What is your favourite holiday? 1. What is your favourite holiday? 2.What new celebrations would you like to establish? 3. What is the greatest holiday in your country? 4. In honour of what person would you like to establish a holiday? 5. What is more important for you a day-off or a celebrate? 6. Can religious holiday become national ones? 7. Do you celebrate any holiday? 8. What traditions are connected with the national celebrations? 9. How do you celebrate your favorite holidays? 10. What local celebrations do you have? 11. What holidays or celebrations can unite people in Russia?

54 Какой ваш любимый праздник? 1.Какой ваш любимый праздник? 2.Какие новые праздники вы хотели бы установить? 3.Какой самый большой праздник в вашей стране? 4.В честь какого человека вы хотели бы установить праздник? 5.Что для вас более важно свободный день или празднование? 6.Может ли религиозный праздник стать национальным? 7.Вы празднуете какой-нибудь праздник? 8.Какие традиции связаны с национальными празднованиями? 9.Как вы празднуете ваш любимый отпуск? 10.Какие местные празднования вы имеете? 11.Какой отпуск или празднования люди могут отменить в России?

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