3Authority of Meet Officials and Games Committee Rule 3-1-2 The meet referee, other meet officials or the jury of appeals shall not set aside any ruleClarifies within the rules that the referee, meet officials or jury does not have the authority to set aside a rule, except as provided under special circumstances.Under Rule 3-4-6, the referee has the sole authority for ruling on infractions or irregularities not covered under the rules.He/She also has sole authority to determine if a race shall be rerun.The games committee has significant authority, but that does not include being able to set aside a rule.
4Use of Electronic Devices Rule 3-2-7 Officials may use electronic/wireless communication devices for administrative purposes during the competition only as set forth prior to the start of the meetPrior to the start of the meet, the officiating crew and meet management should discuss if electronic devices are going to be used during the meet for administrative purposes.When using such devices, they should be used for the intended purposes of enhancing the administration of the meet and not used for personal matters.The meet referee should review with the officiating team how and when the devices should be used, such as reporting event progress, results, problems, etc.
5Use of Electronic Devices Rule 3-2-8 Electronic devices may be used in unrestricted areas and coaching boxes, providing the location does not interfere with progress of the meet as determined by the meet refereeElectronic devices shall not be used to transmit information to the competitor during the race or trialElectronic devices shall not be used for any review of an official’s decisionState associations may also have policies in place to further address the use of electronic devicesPenalties:A competitor shall be disqualified from the eventTeam personnel (e.g. coach, manager, etc.) shall be disqualified from further participation in the meet for unsporting conductThe use of electronic communication devices is permitted during meets in unrestricted areas and coaches’ boxes.They may not be used for any review of a referee’s decision or to communicate with an athlete during a race or trial.Technology advancements in the area of electronic audio and video devices have made such items easy to use and very accessible.Their use, if not used for communication during the actual competition when a competitor is on the track or completing a trial, no longer creates an advantage or disadvantage among competitors or teams, and can serve as a coaching tool.
6Use of Electronic Devices Rule 3-2-8 It is permissible to show an athlete a video between races or between trials, as long as the meet is not delayed and both athlete and coach are in proper area when viewing.
7Responsibility to Inspect Poles – Field Referee, Head Field Judge Rules 3-10-1, 3-19-3, 7-5-5 Prior to warm-up, the field referee or head field judge shall inspect each pole to be used in competition to verify that the pole is legal equipmentThe implement inspector no longer has the responsibility to inspect vaulting poles before competition.The field referee or head field judge now has the responsibility to inspect each pole to be used in competition to verify it is legal equipment.The implement inspector’s expertise is in the throwing implements, not the vaulting poles.The scales typically used are limited to about 40 pounds; therefore, are not usable for this purpose.This provides for a more efficient and practical process.
8Uniform – Foundation Garment Rules 4-3-1c(7), 4-3-1c(7) NOTE, 9-6-1c(7) NOTE 2 Any visible garment(s) worn underneath the uniform bottom and extending below the knees shall be unadorned and of a single, solid colorAny garment worn underneath the uniform bottom and that terminates above the knees is considered a foundation garment and not subject to being a single, solid colorCompression-style shorts that extend beyond the length of the uniform short, but end above the knees are frequently being worn as foundation garments, similar to a sports bra.The color of such visible undergarment plays no significant role for officiating purposes.The time and attention by officials to be certain athletes are in compliance when wearing such items delays progression of the meet, and the severity of a penalty of disqualification for a non-compliant garment is too severe as the item does not impact the competition.The rule regarding a visible undergarment continues with no change if the garment worn underneath the uniform bottom extends below the knees.
9Visible undergarments Uniform – Foundation Garment Rules 4-3-1c(7), 4-3-1c(7) NOTE, 9-6-1c(7) NOTE 2Any visible garment(s) worn underneath the uniform bottom and extending below the knees shall be unadorned, of a single, solid color and meet all logo requirements.If the base layer extends below the knees, and a second layer is worn and it ends above the knee, it shall no longer be considered a foundation garment due to it being the outer layer over a visible undergarment.In such a case, both garments are considered visible undergarments and subject to all undergarment requirements.If the base layer terminates above the knees and the second garment likewise terminates above the knees the items shall be considered foundation garments and therefore do not have to be the same single, solid color.The key is the length of the base layer when it is worn as intended by the manufacturer.Visible undergarmentLEGALVisible undergarmentsBoth must be same colorILLEGALFoundation garmentLEGALFoundation garmentsLEGAL
10Uniform – Foundation Garment Rules 4-3-1c(7), 4-3-1c(7) NOTE, 9-6-1c(7) NOTE 2 Visible undergarments must meet requirements of single, solid color and only one manufacturer’s logo.Extends below kneesVisible UndergarmentGarment terminates above kneesFoundation GarmentGarment terminates below kneesVisible Undergarment
11Uniform – Foundation Garment Rules 4-3-1c(7), 4-3-1c(7) NOTE, 9-6-1c(7) NOTE 2 All garments terminate above the knees; thus, all are foundation garments and not subject to single, solid color requirementABCIn A and C, all garments worn underneath the official school uniform bottom terminate above the knees; thus, are foundation garments.In B, due to the base layer worn under the uniform bottom terminating above the knees, it is a foundation garment and the subsequent layer is also a foundation garment so they can be different colors.In C, the foundation garment is not subject to the single, solid color requirement and is therefore legal.A, B, C LEGAL
12Uniform – Foundation Garment Rules 4-3-1c(7), 4-3-1c(7) NOTE, 9-6-1c(7) NOTE 2 SITUATION: Following the clerk of the course providing instructions regarding the race to the field of competitors in the 400-meter dash, he/she observes a competitor a) with his boxer shorts exposed under the uniform shorts; b) with a large manufacturer’s logo on a garment under the uniform shorts; and c) with the school mascot on a garment under the uniform shorts. All items terminate above the knees. The clerk has no objections. RULING: Correct procedure. COMMENT: These items are all considered foundation garments.School mascotBoxersManufacturer’s logoThe garment is worn underneath the official school-issued uniform shorts and ends above the knees as intended by the manufacturer.This item can be different colors and is not restricted in the size of the manufacturer’s logo.
13Uniform – Foundation Garment Rules 4-3-1c(7), 4-3-1c(7) NOTE, 9-6-1c(7) NOTE 2 RELAY UNIFORMSRelay team members wearing foundation garments are not required to wear the same color foundation garmentThe foundation garment does not have to be a single, solid colorThis rule also applies to cross country teamsA foundation garment does not have to be a solid color. This relay team is in compliance with the uniform rules.
14General Rules for Throwing Events Rule 6-2-9 A pass shall be communicated to the event judge before the start of the trial clockTo avoid confusion, the competitor shall communicate his/her intentions to pass to the event judge before the start of the actual trial.This protocol is now consistent in all field events regarding proper communication between competitor and judge when the athlete is going to pass.
15Javelin Throw Rule 6-6-1 NOTE When a rubber tip is used, the metal point shall end in a slightly rounded button shape or other feature onto which the rubber tip shall be attached…Clarifies the diameter restriction for the rubber tip javelin.Updates the equipment requirements for the rubber tip javelin.The manufacturer has the responsibility for the proper design and attachment of the rubber tip for rule compliance.
16Prescribed Time Limit for Pole Vault Rule 7-2-11 A competitor shall initiate a trial that is carried to completion within the prescribed time limits, one minute after being called for a trialWhen three or fewer remain in the high jump or pole vault at the beginning of a bar height, the above time shall be increased to three minutesWhen a single competitor, who has won the competition, remains in the high jump or pole vault, the allowed time shall be five minutesThe prescribed time limit for a trial in the pole vault is now one minute.This is the same as other jumping events.This is an adequate time for a trial in the pole vault event.
17Prescribed Time Limit for Consecutive Trials in Throwing Events Rule 6-2-9 By way of the chart, the time limits for consecutive trials in throwing events are now clarifiedPreviously, the rules had not clearly addressed the time limits for consecutive throws in throwing events.To accommodate those competitors who may be excused to participate in other events, the head judge may permit successive trials and follow the schedule in the chart.
18Pole Vault – Planting Box Padding Rule 7-5-24 The planting box shall not contain any foreign materials except planting box padding. Such padding, if used, shall meet the applicable ASTM Specification Standards and can be incorporated into the design of the planting box or can be a padding addition to an existing planting boxPadding meeting the ASTM Standards may be used immediately, subject to rejection or conditional approval by state association actionPadding meeting the ASTM Standards will be required for the track seasonFor the purpose of minimizing risk of injury to a pole vaulter, planting box padding shall meet the applicable ASTM Specification Standard and be required for use no later than the start of the track season.This required implementation date allows for product availability.For the 2014 outdoor track season, if the new style plant box padding is utilized, this is a choice of the hosting school.The hosting school may consider allowing some additional warm-up time if vaulters from visiting schools are not familiar with the product.
19Pole Vault – Planting Box Padding Rule 7-5-24 Pole vault planting box padding shall meet ASTM Specification Standards for the indoor and outdoor seasonsASTM Standards in
202014 Track and Field and Cross Country Major Editorial Changes
21Major Editorial Changes Rules 4-6-3,4 and 5-9 ECEditorialChangeArticles and 4, addressing how to order reruns after an act of interference, have been moved to Rule and 3ART. 2…If interference occurs in a preliminary heat, the referee may allow the offended competitor or relay team to start in a subsequent heat in the same round of heats if a lane is available, or in the next round of heats, the same as if the offended competitor or relay team had won a placeART. 3…If interference occurs in the final heat or section, the referee may order a new race between all those in the finals, or between those who, in the referee’s opinion, are entitled to the privilegeArticles and have been deleted from Rule 4-6 and moved to Rule 5-9, which defines interference in running events.This is a more logical location for these rules.
22Major Editorial Changes Rules 5-1-3, 5-2-2 ECEditorialChangeAll-weather track surfaces utilizing a painted line to mark the inner edge of the track are now the more commonly-used surfaceThe order of listing a painted line, followed by a raised curb to designate the inside edge of the track is more appropriate for the construction and design of today’s tracksOn all-weather tracks, a painted line 2 inches (5 centimeters) or more in width may be used to mark the inner edge of the track. A solid curb…The only change is the order in which the description for the identification of the edge of the track is listed within the rules.
23Major Editorial Changes Rules 6-3-1,2 and 7-3-1,2 ECEditorialChange6-3-1 …with the same best height or distance6-3-2 When there is a tie at any distance of a throwing event, places and points scored…7-3-1 …competitors finish with the same best distance or height7-3-2 When there is a tie at any height or distance of a jumping event, places and points scored…Clarifies that the tie-breaking procedure in field events applies only for places scoring.Reworded Rules and to clearly emphasize the tie-breaking procedure is for use with scoring places.
24Other Editorial Changes ECEditorialChange3-4-5When a competitor is disqualified, the referee shall notify, or cause to be notified, the competitor and the competitor’s coach3-8-3Deleted this article, as it appears in 3-9-34-4 NOTE…The accommodations should not fundamentally alter the sport, heighten risk…6-2-10The time at which the preliminaries in each throwing event must be concluded or completed should be set…3-4-5 – It is appropriate for both the coach and competitor to be notified of a disqualification.4-4 NOTE – Deleted statement allowing possible use of illegal equipment for an accommodation; added an accommodation should not heighten a risk of injury to the athlete or others.– Provides consistency in rules language with Rule
25Other Editorial Changes ECEditorialChange6-2-12In two-session meets, it is recommended all competition in throwing…PEN…coach or event official at the site shall result…disqualification from that event. If the incident…disqualified from further competition in the meet.6-4-2,6-5-2,6-6-2Reverses order in which all calibrations are listed – metric, which is the standard for scales and listing of implement weight6-4-3The throwing circle shall be level and 8 feet…– Clerical correction replacing “competitors” with “competition.”PEN – Consistency in rules language with Penalty.6-4-2, 6-5-2, – Updates the weight and measurement chart to millimeters, which is the standard measurement on scales weighing implements.6-4-3 – Clarifies the throwing surface is flat.
26Other Editorial Changes ECEditorialChange7-1-2…group of competitors in a jumping event.7-2-1…To place in a jumping event, a competitor shall have had at least one legal jump.7-2-6 NewContestants shall report promptly to the head event judge at the designated location when the event is announced.7-2-10…one minute after being called for a trial, except in the pole vault where the time is 1 ½ minutes. Failure…7-1-2 – Consistency in language with Rule7-2-1 – Consistency in language with Rule7-2-6 New – Was omitted in the previous reorganization of Rule 7.– Deletes unnecessary language.
27Other Editorial Changes ECEditorialChange7-4-1,7-5-1,7-6-1The inclination declination in the approach…7-5-29An unsuccessful trial is charged but not measured8-1-1 NOTE NewScoring table for the 1600-meter run is located at Track and Field9-6-4 PEN…disqualification from the meet event…Appendix AAdds a statement regarding use of charts and diagrams outside of the body of the rules.7-4-1, 7-5-1, – The purpose of the requirement is to not have the competitors running downhill. The term “declination” more accurately describes the intent of the rules.– Removes unnecessary language.8-1-1 NOTE – The IAAF Scoring Table does not include the 1600-meter run, so it is provided on the NFHS Website.9-6-4 PEN – Corrects clerical error in the penalty sequence.Appendix A – Consistency in all NFHS Rules Book language relating to competition venue diagrams.
282014 Track and Field and Cross Country Points of Emphasis
29Throwing implements returned to competitors by officials Coaches and officials, including all those who may volunteer to assist with administration of the throwing events, must always work together to minimize the risk of injury due to improper return of throwing implements, lack of throwing sectors being cordoned off and/or lack of adequate training for those individuals working the eventA throwing implement should never be thrown or tossed back to the competitor once the trial is completedThere should be a predetermined process and individuals designated to have the responsibility to walk the implements back
30Throwing implements returned to competitors by officials This process should also include the path to follow when walking back to avoid walking through the throwing sectorThis process should be carefully reviewed with all those working the event prior to any warm-ups commencing as well as at the coaches meeting and with the athletes as they report to the event for warm-ups and competitionEveryone involved should always be alert, as the unexpected can always happenEqually important is the coach following similar procedures with his/her athletes during practice
31Proper coaching requires staying up-to-date on rules and techniques The sport of track and field, like other sports, continues to have advancements made in equipment, uniforms, techniques and trainingSuch advancements may be related to improved performance, better and more efficient training and many times, changes which reduce the risk of injuryAs an example, the new standard for the pole vault plant box padding has the potential to minimize the risk of injury to a vaulter which 1) makes the event safer and 2) allows the vaulter to minimize the effects of potential injuries and enjoy greater amounts of participation
32Proper coaching requires staying up-to-date on rules and techniques Coaches have the responsibility to study the rules, attend in-person and online clinics, read current sport literature on training and new equipment and learn from others to stay current with the advancement and opportunities in the sportJust as it is a goal for our athletes to continue to get better, much of that advancement is contingent upon the coach staying up-to-date on rules, techniques and risk minimization in the sport
33Coaches “getting it right” with uniforms Track and field is a sport which traditionally has colorful uniforms and styles that serve different purposes for performanceHaving the athletes show up for competition in a legal uniform starts with the coachAny time there is a violation due to uniforms, it is a violation that could have been avoidedThe officials do not have the responsibility for putting athletes in legal uniforms, but do have the responsibility to enforce the rules
34Coaches “getting it right” with uniforms It is the coach who must know the rules and then take the time each season to educate his/her athletes on the rules and to come ask questions of the referee if the athlete wants to wear a different garment due to weather or an injuryThis season, there are changes in the uniform rule that coaches must educate their athletes to these rule changes and emphasize the importance and responsibility of each athlete to be accountable for his/her actions to come ready to participate in a legal uniform
35Importance of proper training of volunteers to work the meet It takes a number of volunteers to work a track and field meetUnlike sports such as soccer, volleyball or basketball, where there is a defined number of officials who are trained and generally certified as an official to work the contest, track and field meets may only have a few certified officials and the rest are volunteers to work the meetDuring the regular season, these volunteers may or may not know a significant amount about the details of officiating the events they are workingThey are versed in the basics and then expected to run off a good eventIn order to run a fair, safe and well-administered meet, the schools must take time to adequately train the individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to work the event
36Importance of proper training of volunteers to work the meet Athletic directors and coaches should work together to develop a training system and materials to educate these individuals who are going to work their meetsLocal officials will also be of assistance, as they may be able to provide training materials or have training materials on a Web siteMany state associations have material on their Web sites that are usefulThe NFHS provides an Officials’ Manual and the online Pre-Meet Notes, which are suitable for use with volunteersTo avoid problems and run an efficient and enjoyable meet, take time to properly train the many volunteers who will work your track and field meets
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