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ACCEPTABILITY OF GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PROJECTS Methodological approach (ELEC 2013 - Santiago, Chile - 4 th October 2013) 1 Speaker: Jacques CHOURAKI.

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Presentation on theme: "ACCEPTABILITY OF GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PROJECTS Methodological approach (ELEC 2013 - Santiago, Chile - 4 th October 2013) 1 Speaker: Jacques CHOURAKI."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACCEPTABILITY OF GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PROJECTS Methodological approach (ELEC 2013 - Santiago, Chile - 4 th October 2013) 1 Speaker: Jacques CHOURAKI TERANOV Authors: Mila GALIANO and Philippe LAPLAIGE ADEME For:

2 This approach is based on the methodology of project development, including the following phases : 1)Pre-feasibility phase (preliminary survey and surface exploration); 2)Feasibility phase (exploratory drilling); 3)Development phase (drilling of service shafts, establishment of surface facilities); 4)Operation phase ; 5)Dismantling of equipment and site recovery phase. Methodological Approach for Environmental Excellence in Geothermal Power Generation Projects 2

3 The process includes first the development of an environmental pre-assessment for better integration of environmental issues. 3 Before conducting impact studies, the pre-assessment seeks to answer the following questions: What are the environmental issues to be considered in the project? What data is necessary and sufficient to characterize the issues? What are the detailed studies to be carried out within the framework of the impact assessment (preliminary impact study)? The pre-assessment will be conducted at the scale of potential implementation sites (both pre- selected areas):

4 Then, upon completion of exploration drilling and for each infrastructure construction phase: An environmental impact assessment: iterative and integrated approach for each phase of the project: the assessment should emphasize the evasion, impact reduction and compensation measures for successful environmental integration of the project; Highlighting the concept of clean construction (drilling, access, power plants, buildings,....); Implementation of environmental management plans (or environmental management and monitoring plans – EMP, PGE in French). 4

5 The approach must take into account the expectations established in public consultation at each phase of the project, including: Local and neighbouring population, though public briefings to explain the particular advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy and its impact on the environment and wellbeing; Elected officials, state agencies, environmental associations, to refine the selection of project sites according to based on their impact on the environment and local economic development, among others. The consultation process should be carried out throughout the life of the project until the dismantling phase, through public briefings or open house days to report on the Environmental Management Plan (EMP) defined prior to the construction of facilities the plant. 5

6 Current example in Martinique (FWI), within the framework of the INTERREG Caribbean Geothermal Project Phase 2, with the completion of a pre- assessment or Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment (PEIA/EPIE in French) prior to the development of exploratory drilling with the definition of an Environmental Management Programme (EMP) : High geothermal potential Two areas identified Petite Anse d'Arlet in the South (11 sites approached) o Petite Anse (Site 7) Mount Pelee (10 sites approached) o The hights of Coulée Blanche (Site 9) o Martineaud (Site 10) Preliminary EIA and recommendations for public consultation on 2 geothermal projects 6

7 Martinique example (2) 7 Contents of the Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment (PEIA) Context of the study Pre-assessment of selected sites and rationale for their selection Definition of the legal status of proposed project sites Initial state of the environment Pre-assessment of environmental impacts and proposed measures Recommendations for an environmental management and monitoring plan Implementation of consultation

8 8 Martinique example (3) Pre-assessment of selected sites and justification for their selection Environmental issues: data collection and audit General outline of the project: technical constraints on the basis of existing surveys - Description and main features of projects Environmental constraints of the sites Initial state Futur state

9 9 Martinique example (4) Defining the legal status of the proposed project sites Identify constraints that apply to all sites: specific regulations on geothermal energy including Mining Code, Water Act Decentralised regulatory constraints o Environmental Code in connection with the protection of areas o Planning Code: compatibility with the SAR/MSMV, the SCoT and POS/PLU o Natural Disaster Prevention Plan o the SDAGE o Charter of the Regional Natural Park o Coastal Act o Mountain Act

10 10 Martinique example (5) Initial state of the environment Topics studied o Physical environment o Flora, fauna and biodiversity o Sites and landscapes o Human activities and lifestyle Methods of analysis o Data collection and audit o On-site research, including fauna and flora o Definition and prioritization of environmental issues o Identification of current knowledge gaps

11 11 Martinique example (6) Pre-evaluation of environmental impacts and measures Evaluation Methodology Exploratory period and exploitation period Nature of the impacts in regulatory terms: positive/negative, direct/indirect, temporary/permanent effects, cumulative impacts

12 12 Martinique example (7) Recommendations for an Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan What about the EMP? Details on the methods and procedures implemented by the MO to meet its environmental commitments Recommendations from the preliminary impact study o Tentative draft based on the preliminary study o Thematic sheets (e.g., management of noise and vibration during the exploratory phase) Title Objective Actions Documentation included in the EMP

13 13 Martinique example (8) The four key points of the Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan (EMP) are: The environmental survey to determine the project's environmental impacts (zero point of the environment); The definition of action plans to reduce environmental impacts and improve the environmental performance of the project (construction and operation); Training and awareness-raising of staff and people involved in the project (drilling companies, plant operator, etc.); The field monitoring programme to anticipate and evaluate the project in the field and implement corrective and preventive actions during the exploratory and exploitation phases. The EMP must be presented at scheduled public meetings and implemented in accordance with the proposals made by local stakeholders (elected officials, CSOs, public, residents, etc.) and taking into account their technical feasibility.

14 14 Martinique example (9) Objectives of consultation o Enhance and share the findings (state of the environment, state of knowledge on the impact of geothermal energy on the environment and socio-economic activities) o Pose and discuss important questions o Draft the EMP in with a co-constructive approach Materials used o Graphic representation of Tendem- Footprint o Mapping including an overview of environmental issues o Generic sheets of environmental impacts and related measures Consultation (elected officials, State agencies, CSOs, public)

15 15 Martinique example (10) Consultation (elected officials, State agencies, CSOs, public) Three public meetings per site Preparation of communication materials (PPT) Discussion facilitation Summary of discussions and decisions (report) Development of a "general public" booklet

16 Another example - Dominica. Background papers based on the environmental feasibility study of the geothermal prospect in Valley Roseau, Dominica (INTERREG Caribbean Geothermal Project Phase 1 - Nov 2008) 16 General public brochure on geothermal energy Brochure on the local issues of geothermal energy linked to the project

17 Dominica example (2) Brochure on environmental impacts and mitigation measures to be implemented 17

18 Promotion of the process with the production of a Guide for environmental excellence for geothermal energy within the framework of the Caribbean Geothermal Project Phase 2 (ongoing) The guide is primarily a methodological guide, based on a chronological approach to the development and life cycle of a typical project: Step by step, from the identification of resources, through facility construction and operation, to dismantling of equipment and site recovery, maintaining the objective of ensuring the best possible integration of the project in its natural and human environment. For each step described above, the guide will discuss and develop the integration of environmental aspects to meet the goal of a successful environmental integration project: impacts of technical options on the natural and/or human environment measures to: o Assess the impacts o Reduce them o Offset them o Monitor them 18

19 Thank you - Muchas Gracias - Merci 19

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