Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A history of lloyd’s.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "A history of lloyd’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 A history of lloyd’s

2 17th century 1688: Edward Lloyd’s coffee house is first mentioned in the London Gazette. It is frequented by ship owners and merchants seeking shipping news, which attracted those providing insurance for ships and cargo – the underwriters

3 18th century 1760: Underwriters at Lloyd’s form the independent society that becomes Lloyd’s Register of Shipping 1771: Seventy-nine underwriters subscribe £100 each towards a new building and making them Lloyd’s first subscribers. Nine of these subscribers are elected to a Committee 1774: Lloyd’s moves to the Royal Exchange in Cornhill

4 19th century 1802: Lloyd’s provides £2,000 to establish lifeboats on Britain’s coasts. This was the beginning of the lifeboat service, operated since 1824 by the Royal National Lifeboat Institute 1811: Lloyd’s adopts a Trust Deed which allows the Committee to legally manage the affairs of the subscribers 1838: The Royal Exchange and many early Lloyd’s records are destroyed in a fire 1871: Lloyd’s Act of Parliament makes it illegal for anyone who is not a recognised underwriting member of Lloyd’s to sign his name to a Lloyd’s policy. From 1873, to further cement this new status, Lloyd’s adds a seal to every policy

5 19th century 1877: Cuthbert Heath, a prominent Lloyd’s underwriter, writes Lloyd’s first reinsurance contract for a fire insurance company, which subsequently provides cover for profit losses as a consequence of fire 1885: Cuthbert Heath writes the first insurance in the USA for damage caused by an earthquake 19th Century door plaque proving premises is fire insured

6 20th century 1906: San Francisco earthquake devastates the city and Cuthbert Heath promises to pay the policy holders in full irrespective of the terms of their policies 1908: Auditing of members’ accounts is introduced and they are obliged to pay premiums into trust funds which ensures that Lloyd’s is financially robust 1912: Lloyd’s writes the insurance policies for the Titanic and her sister ship, Olympic. When the Titanic sinks on 14 April, all claims are paid out in full within 30 days of the tragedy

7 20th century 1927: Lloyd’s Central Fund is created, and at the discretion of the Committee, it ensures valid claims are paid 1928: King George V and Queen Mary open Lloyd’s new building in Leadenhall Street 1939: Lloyd’s America Trust Fund is established 1958: Lloyd’s moves to Lime Street and the Queen Mother, along with Princess Margaret, open the premises

8 20th century 1982: The Lloyd’s Act of 1982 is put in place which introduces a new governing Council 1986: Her Majesty the Queen opens Lloyd’s new building in One Lime Street, designed by Richard Rogers 1994: Introduction of corporate capital 1997: Lloyd’s syndicates lead the cover for the Hibernia oil platform which is believed to be the largest single risk ever placed in the international energy insurance market. The 650,000 tonne structure operates off Newfoundland 8

9 21st century 2001: Two hijacked planes are flown into the World Trade Center in New York. Lloyd’s was the biggest single insurer of both the World Trade Center and the two hijacked planes 2002: New franchise proposals approved and a Franchise board is appointed to ensure the marketplace is working to the highest standards 9

10 21st century 2005: Hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Wilma hit the Gulf of Mexico and Lloyd’s pay out $17bn to help rebuild the devastated region 2007: Lloyd’s open an onshore reinsurance operation in Shanghai 10

11 21st century 2011: The second costliest year for catastrophes on record for the insurance industry as a result of floods in Thailand and Australia, earthquakes in New Zealand and the tsunami in Japan. Lloyd’s will pay out approximately £13bn in claims 11

12 21st century 2012: Prime Minister David Cameron, Lloyd’s Chairman John Nelson and Lloyd’s CEO Richard Ward launch Vision 2025, a strategy to ensure Lloyd’s becomes the major global hub for specialist insurance and reinsurance 12

13 Traditions at lloyd’s The Lutine Bell: In 1799 the HMS Lutine ship sunk on route from London to Germany, carrying a vast sum of gold and silver, insured by Lloyd’s underwriters. The Lutine Bell was recovered from the wreck and re-hung from the rostrum of the Lloyd's Underwriting Room where it still hangs today. It is traditionally rung to herald important announcements Nelson at Lloyd’s: The Nelson Collection brings together an amazing assortment of valuable silverware, letters and other memorabilia associated with Horatio Nelson. Nelson was famous for his service in The Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars and died a hero at the Battle of Trafalgar in To show their gratitude for Nelson’s achievements, the merchants at Lloyd’s Coffee House raised funds to relieve the suffering of the wounded and bereaved. The Lloyd’s Patriotic Fund continues to provide support for ex-servicemen and women 13

14 Traditions at lloyd’s Lloyd’s waiters: Lloyd’s waiters used to be sent down to the dockside to bring news of the new ships. The waiters can still be seen at Lloyd’s today outside the entrances to One Lime Street The Adam Room: Originally designed by Robert Adam in 1763 as part of Bowood House, the Adam Room was inspired by a visit to Rome, leading Adam to create a look of classical antiquity. The room was purchased by Lloyd’s and now provides a striking contrast with the present Lloyd’s building 14

15 Find out more There are more stories about the history of Lloyd’s on our website, click on the links to read more. History of Lloyd’s buildings Take a virtual tour of the 1986 building Cuthbert Heath San Francisco Earthquake Lloyd’s and the titanic Lutine Bell The Nelson collection Glossary of terms Interactive timeline 15


Download ppt "A history of lloyd’s."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google