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Chapter 6 Business Ownership and Operations Section 6.2 Types and Functions of Businesses.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Business Ownership and Operations Section 6.2 Types and Functions of Businesses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 Business Ownership and Operations Section 6.2 Types and Functions of Businesses

2 Read to Learn Differentiate the six types of businesses. Describe the five functions of business. Discuss how the five functions of business relate to each other.

3 Graphic Organizer Types of Businesses Functions of Businesses Producers Processors Manufactures Intermediaries and Wholesalers Retailers and Service Businesses Production and Procurement Marketing Management Finance and Accounting

4 Producers producer a business that gathers raw goods A producer may be found in industries such as agriculture, mining, fishing, or forestry. Example – Grows the cotton

5 Processor processor a business that changes raw materials into more finished products A processor may, for example, turn crude oil into gasoline. Example – turns the cotton into fabric

6 Manufacturers manufacturer a business that makes finished products out of processed goods Cars, CDs, and computers are examples of goods that are made by a manufacturer. Example – uses the fabric to make a shirt

7 Intermediaries and Wholesalers intermediary a business that moves goods from one business to another An intermediary buys goods, stores them, and then resells them. Example – Sells the shirt to Gap

8 Intermediaries and Wholesalers wholesaler a business that moves good from one business to another A wholesaler of clothing may buy thousands of jackets from several manufacturers, divide the large quantities into smaller ones, and sell them to retailers.

9 Retailers and Service Businesses retailer a business that purchases goods from a wholesaler and sells them to consumers, the final buyers of the goods A record store is an example of a retailer. Example – Sells the shirt to you

10 Retailers and Service Businesses Service businesses perform tasks rather than provide goods. Service businesses employ about three- quarters of the workforce and are rapidly increasing in numbers.

11 Functions of Business The five main functions of business are: Production and procurement Marketing Management Finance Accounting

12 Production and Procurement production the process of creating, expanding, manufacturing, or improving goods and services Production and procurement are closely related functions of business. procurement the buying and reselling of goods and services that have already been produced

13 Marketing marketing the process of planning, pricing, promoting, selling, and distributing ideas, goods, and services Marketing involves getting consumers to buy a product or service.

14 To Advertise or Not Advertising is used to influence consumers to buy one product or service over another.

15 Management management the process of achieving company goals by planning, organizing, directing, controlling, and evaluating the effective use of resources Management is an important function of business.

16 Finance and Accounting finance the business or art of money management Finance requires analyzing financial statements to make future decisions.

17 Finance and Accounting accounting maintaining and checking records, handling bills, and preparing financial reports for a business Accounting requires attention to detail and accuracy.

18 How the Functions of Business Are Interdependent The functional areas of a business depend on each other. Sometimes, the functional areas of a business conflict with each other.

19 Graphic Organizer Example of How Functional Areas Depend on Each Other A furniture makers sales are decreasing. The accounting and finance department notice decreasing sales. If the furniture is too highly priced, more efficient procedures will have to be implemented. A new marketing plan is created. The accounting and finance department will monitor the effects of new marketing efforts.

20 Graphic Organizer Example of How Functional Areas Conflict with Each Other Management wants to increase sales by 20 percent within three years. The production department suggests improving quality. The marketing department requests more funds for projects. Accounting says there is not enough money for either plan. The final plan involves ideas from all the functions of business.

21 1.What is the difference between a producer and a processor? A producer gathers or creates raw products. A processor changes raw products into more finished products.

22 2.Identify the five functions of business. production and procurement, marketing, management, finance, and accounting

23 3.Give an example of how the accounting and finance functions can affect a businesss marketing and production processes. If the financials show little profits, new marketing plans may be developed and new production procedures may be implemented.

24 Chapter 6 Business Ownership and Operations Section 6.2 Types and Functions of Businesses End of


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