Presentation on theme: "Building World Music Collections: Japan"— Presentation transcript:
1Building World Music Collections: Japan Joe C. ClarkKent State UniversityFebruary 27, 2014MLA Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA
2ShamisenThree string fretless plucked lute. Traditionally it accompanies the voice, with instrumental interludes.Popular since the mid- 17th century. Used in main genres, from folk and theatrical forms to classical and contemporary music.Image from Japan Information Centre; retrieved from New Grove Online.
3Koto & Shakuhachi Koto is a long zither instrument with movable bridge Used in both court and non-court musicShakuhachi is an end-blown notched flute with four finger holes and a thumb-hole
4Biwa Many forms of the instrument Usually four or five strings with a fretted neckSoundbox is usually cut from the same piece of wood as the neckTraditionally provides accompaniment for dramatic story tellingImage from
5Gagaku The ancient traditional court music of Japan Means “elegant music”Dates from 701 CERepertory is broken into concert music (kangen) and music for dance (bugaku)Concert music usually comprised of string, wind, and percussion instruments; dance music omits strings
6NōHighly structured stage art that combines music, poetry, dance, and dramaPrimarily for elite classProfessional groups usually consist of men, but amateur groups include both men and womenOriginated in the 14th centurySeeks maximum effect from a minimum of means, although costumes can be over the topRestrainedImage from:
7Bunraku: Puppet Theatre The term refers to all traditional Japanese puppet theatreFeatures narrative music, usually with a singer and a shamisen accompanistImage from
8Kabuki Began as theatre for the commoners around 1600 Became “classical” theatre in the late 19th centuryMuch more flamboyant than Nō, with more actors, bigger stage, and more musiciansImage from
9Good Starting Point New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Good news:discographies are listed for most sectionsBad news:it has not been updated since its publication in 2001 (even online).
10Not So Good ResourcesGarland Encyclopedia for World Music, Volume 7: East Asia: China, Japan, and Korea. Routedge, 2002.265 pages dedicated to Japan.Of the 43 sections on Japan, only one offers a filmography and two provide short discographies.JVC Music & Dance video series.
11Japan Traditional Cultures Foundation: http://www.japo-net.or.jp The Japan Traditional Cultures Foundation has a number of CDs and DVDs, and you can view titles by genre.
12Popular MusicsContinuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Volume V: Asia and Oceania.2005.25 pages of history, commentary, bibliographies, discographies, and filmographies. Regional musics.
13Rough Guides17 pages of commentary and context. Traditional musics are mentioned, but the focus is clearly on popular and regional music. 5 page discography. 1999
14Revised Rough GuideThe revised edition of the last title, this one offers 18 pages on primarily popular music, and a six-page discography.
15Ashgate Research Companion to Japanese Music Sixteen chapters on recent Japanese music scholarshipCovers a number of genresProvides four solid pages of recommended video and audio
16Music in Japan By Bonnie C. Wade, 2005. Part of the Global Music Series from Oxford University Press.Offers several pages of resources.
17Smithsonian Folkways http://www.folkways.si.edu About 15 CDs focusing solely on Japanese musicAlso available through the Smithsonian Global Sound for Libraries (Alexander Street Press)Recordings are primarily from the 1960s & 70s
18Great selection of Japanese traditional music Include Lyrichord label recordingsGo to Genre World Music J for Japan
19More Important Labels King Records Camerata Denon Lyrichord Ocora NonesuchFontecCelestial Harmonies
20Video Resources continued Films for the Humanities (www.films.com)Bunraku: Masters of Japanese Puppet TheatreKoto: The Music of TadaoPortrait of an OnnagataShozan Tanabe: The Sound of SilenceTsugaru Shamisen: The World of Michihiro SatoMarty Gross Film Productions, Inc.:
21Video Resources continued Shimonaka Memorial Foundation’s DVD set on GagakuSixteen-volume DVD set of Kabuki plays first broadcast by NHK (Japan’s public broadcast company). A series of 33 Kabuki Theatre DVDs
22Another Great Video Resource The Japanese Music Series, from the University of Oklahoma’s Early Music TelevisionJazz in JapanGagaku: Court Music of JapanMusic of BunrakuShinto Festival MusicNagauta: Heart of KabukiMusic of Noh Drama
23Addition Considerations DVDs - Region 2 and region-freeBe ready for sticker shockBuy when things are available, as titles frequently go out of printGoogle translate is your friendLet the programs you support and the faculty that you work with help determine what you purchase.
24What Was Left Out? Numerous genres of folk music Western Classical Art Music of JapanJ-popNiche music, including multiple genresRegional traditionsLots more…
25Resources/References World Music: The Rough Guide, Vol. 2. Edited by Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, and Richard Trillo. London: Rough Guides, 1999.The Rough Guide to World Music, Vol. 2 (3rd ed). Compiled and edited by Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham and Jon Lusk. New York: Rough Guides, 2009.The Ashgate Research Companion to Japanese Music. Alison McQueen Tokita and David W. Hughes, eds. Burlington, VT: Ashgage, 2008.Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Volume V: Asia and Oceania. Edited by John Shepherd, et al. New York: Continuum, 2005.Music in Japan. Bonnie C. Wade. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.