What are the changes to MLA 7.0? No more underlining – titles and name of online product are now italicized. No more long URLs – only use URL of resource if the citation information does not lead easily to the source. Publication medium – include the medium type such as print, Web, performance, etc. New abbreviations – for missing information, such as n.d. for no date, n.p. for no publisher and n.pag. for no page #
To cite a regular book, one author : Last name, First name. Title. City: Publisher, Year. Medium. Sample : Deem, James. Bodies from the Ice: Melting Glaciers and the Recovery of the Past. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2008. Print.
To cite a regular book, more than one author : Last name, First name A, and First name Last name B. Title. City: Publisher, Year. Medium. Sample: Lang, Susan S. and Beth H. Marks. Teens & Tobacco. New York: Twenty-First Century Books, 1996. Print. Note: if there are more than two authors, include the first only and then write “et al.” after his/her name.
To cite a regular book, with editor listed instead of an author: Last name, First name, ed. Title. City: Publisher, Year. Medium. Sample: Sawvel, Patty Jo, ed. Student Drug Testing. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007. Print.
To cite a part of a book (like a chapter or an article in an edited collection): Last name, First name. “Chapter Title.” Book Title. Ed. Editor Name. City: Publisher, Year. Page#-Page#. Medium. Sample: Liao, Jing. “The Arts, Entertainment, and Sports.” Facts About China. Ed. Xiao-Bin Ji. New York: The H.W. Wilson Co., 2003. 161- 204. Print.
To cite a general encyclopedia or reference book from a print source (this does NOT include specialized encyclopedias): “Entry Title.” Encyclopedia Title. Edition or Volume Year. Medium. Sample: “Amphibian." World Book. 2007. Print. (If you have an author for the section, begin with the author’s name—Last, First.)
To cite Part of a book from a multivolume set or special encyclopedia: Author for section—Last name, First name. “Title of section.” Title of book. Ed. First name Last name. # of edition (if given). Volume #. City: Publishing company, date. Page numbers. Medium. Sample: Kilar, Jeremy. “Germans." American Immigrant Cultures. Ed. David Levinson et al. Vol 1. London: Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1997. 315-324. Print. (Note, if no author begin with title of the chapter.)
To cite an article from a database, originally in a book: Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Book Title. Ed. Editor First Name Editor Last Name. City: Publisher, Year. Page range. Database Name. Medium. Date of Access.. Sample: Candeloro, Dominic. “Italian Americans.” Dictionary of American History. Ed. Stanley Kutler. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2003. 444-448. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 5 Jan. 2010..
To cite an article from a database, originally in a periodical: Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Periodical Title. Volume. Issue (Publication Date): Page numbers. Database Name. Medium. Date of Access.. Sample: Peele, Stanton. “Reducing Harms from Youth Drinking.” Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education. 50.4 (December 2006): 67-88. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 20 January 2010..
To cite an article from a webpage: Last name, First name (if available). “Article Title.” Website Name. Organization/Publisher Name (if available). Publication Date (if available). Medium. Date of Access.. Sample: Palmer, Jack A. “The New Eugenics: Genetic Engineering.” GeneticEngineering.org. n.d. Web. 20 January 2010..
To cite an image or artwork: Artist Last name, First name. Title of work. Year. Medium. Institution in possession of work, City. Note: To cite a photographic reproduction, include all of this information, followed by properly cited source information (i.e. book or database source). Sample: Warhol, Andy. 100 Cans. 1962. Oil on canvas. Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo. The Art Collection. Web. 4 February 2010..