Presentation on theme: "Citizenship: an ethic in which one voluntarily takes responsibility for, and action on behalf of, ones community Morton Winston."— Presentation transcript:
Citizenship: an ethic in which one voluntarily takes responsibility for, and action on behalf of, ones community Morton Winston
I need your help. I have some problems. They stem from architecture and urban planning. Their solutions will have to come from all of us.
If average global temperatures rise by 4-7 ˚F in the next hundred years: Sea levels will rise by 12-35, displacing hundreds of millions worldwide and increasing the salinization of major river systems The warmer water means that tropical storms will extend further away from the equator Continental interior zones will be drier, making deserts more severe and more widespread
How do we design for a billion climate refugees?
Each year, the building I work in consumes: 7,500,000,000 BTU of source energy (three rail hoppers of coal) 1,100,000 gallons of fresh water three tons of US mail 100,000 square feet of cardboard 70 computers 1,500 pizzas
What do we do with all that waste? …from ONE BUILDING!
That building, by the way, is obsolete. A contemporary building would use a third of the energy of my 1965 building. Building it would provide $8,000,000 in construction wages alone But building it would consume: 9,000 cubic yards of concrete (maybe from Massachusetts, maybe from Korea) 15 miles of copper wire (probably from Chile) 1,400 tons of steel rebar (from China or Russia) All of which have shipping, mining, labor and health costs
How do we maximize environmental benefit when we still dont understand all of the inputs?
When an Aquafina bottle has finished its useful life, we can recycle it. When a building has finished its useful life, we crush it and send it to a landfill.
Can we make buildings dis-assemblable… and thus recyclable?
When I buy a $30 toaster, I get a twelve-page instruction manual in four languages. When I buy a $30,000,000 building, I dont.
What should go into a building owners manual? Who should get a copy?
American suburbs were built for 1950s conditions: Cheap fuel and cheap cars An army of stay-at-home mothers Huge government investment in infrastructure Huge government housing subsidies Development policies that devoured farm and wild lands Those conditions no longer exist.
Can we intensify existing suburban forms? How do you infill wide roads, acres of parking, and vast (and expedient) single- story buildings?
CityPeak population2010 populationChange Detroit1,849,600713, % Saginaw98,30055, % Flint196,000111, % Youngstown168,30072, % Toledo383,800316, % Gary178,30080, % The Abandonment of Industrial America These cities have smaller and poorer populations, which means their tax bases are shot… but the same amount of roads to pave and plow, sewers and water mains to maintain, land area to protect with police and fire service.
Can we physically shrink an existing city? Or evacuate it altogether?
At any given moment, about 3,500,000 Americans, about 1% of our population, are homeless, temporarily or permanently. In 2011, 7,500,000 American houses and 2,000,000 commercial buildings were vacant or abandoned.
Is squatting a civil right?
Capital is global. Design theory is global. Design firms are global. Construction practices are global. Design software is global. The workforce is global. Buildings are local. They have fixed locations.
Does the local matter? Should a building in Dubai be different than a building in Dubuque? If so, on what terms?
With the advent of micro- and nano-technology and high- volume data storage, sensors and building management systems have negligible cost. We can measure: Temperatures Fluid and air flow rates Fluid and air pressure Hours of mechanical system operation Number of door cycles RFID and swipe-card motion trackers Keystroke monitors
If you could put a hundred thousand sensors into a building, what would you want to measure? And what would you do with that information?
The average metropolitan dweller is photographed or filmed about 300 times a day: On the street In the park In the store On the job On transportation
What are the design goals for privacy? To protect it? Or to eliminate it?
There is not a single person in this room whose knowledge is not needed to help us address these problems.
There is not a single person in this room who wont be affected by how we try to resolve them.
And our students? And their students? Thats what were facing.
We cannot solve these problems without chemists.
We cannot solve these problems without biologists.
We cannot solve these problems without mathematicians.
We cannot solve these problems without physicists.
We cannot solve these problems without geologists.
We cannot solve these problems without philosophers.
We cannot solve these problems without demographers.
We cannot solve these problems without poets.
We cannot solve these problems without computer scientists.
We cannot solve these problems without engineers.
We cannot solve these problems without lawyers.
We cannot solve these problems without anthropologists.
We cannot solve these problems without sculptors.
We cannot solve these problems without teachers.
We cannot solve these problems without economists.
We cannot solve these problems without psychologists.
We cannot solve these problems without nurses.
We cannot solve these problems without you.
Research questions can reside within a discipline. The worlds problems do not.
Interdisciplinarity is not an option.
It is a mandate.
Herb Childress Dean of Research and Assessment Boston Architectural College 320 Newbury Street Boston MA