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Biodiversity and Sustainable Meat Production and Consumption

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Presentation on theme: "Biodiversity and Sustainable Meat Production and Consumption"— Presentation transcript:


2 Biodiversity and Sustainable Meat Production and Consumption
Danielle Nierenberg Worldwatch Institute Green Week Brussels, Belgium June 2010

3 Roadmap for Environmentally Sustainable Meat Production and Consumption
Better Grazing Management Protecting Pastoralists’ Rights Reduced and Refined Consumption More Investment in Mixed-Crop Livestock Systems Red Fulani cattle are indigenous to West and Central Africa (Photo Credit: ILRI)

4 Environmentally Sustainable Meat Production
Less Corn and Soybeans, More Grass Rotational Grazing Traditional Practices Zero Grazing Boy Herding Cattle in Nigeria (Photo Credit: World Bank)

5 Grass-fed and Rotational Grazing
Grass farming helps preserve native grasses, particularly in sSA Pastures can act as carbon sinks, sequestering carbon in soils. Soil is the third largest carbon pool on the Earth’s surface. About 1,600 billion tons (5,872 billion tons of CO2 equivalent) of terrestrial carbon is in the soil as organic matter Herding Livestock in Columbia (Photo Credit: World Bank)

6 Rotational Grazing: Preserves Biodiversity
A 4,800 hectare U.S. ranch using rotational grazing practices tripled the perennial species in the rangelands, while also nearly tripling beef production from 66kg to 171 kg per hectare. Grasslands and Birds 10-20 percent of all grassland is degraded, mainly due to overgrazing Grasslands contain 11 percent of the world’s endemic bird areas In the US, 70 percent of the Great Plains are fragmented isolating and reducing animal and bird populations Sharpe’s Longclaw, from the grasslands outside of Nairobi, Kenya are now endangered (Photo Credit: 10,000 Birds)

7 Combining Traditional and Modern Grazing Practices
Osmond Mugweni, director of the Njeremoto Biodiversity Institute in Zimbabwe, developed a grazing technique that avoids overgrazing by regulating where the livestock go and allowing enough time for the grass to recover. He combines traditional practices and modern techniques to prevent erosion. Institute herd treating degraded area (Photo Credit: Njeremoto Biodiversity Institute) Herd grazing on grass with full summer recovery (Photo Credit: Njeremoto Biodiversity Institute)

8 Zero-Grazing Fatima Addy, leader of Aboomo Women’s Group in
Ghana (Photo Credit: Bernard Pollack) Heifer International beneficiary, Madame Helen in Rwanda (Photo Credit: Bernard Pollack)

9 Livestock Diversity Unlike animals in CAFOS, or factory farms, grass-fed animals tend to be more genetically diverse. Prevents the spread of diseases: H1N1, Avian Flu, Nipah Virus Healthier Animals Better adapted to heat and drought Ankole Cattle, disappearing from Eastern and Central Africa (Photo Credit: ILRI)

10 Conserving Biodiversity: The Grasscutter
Slash and Burn Agriculture Endangered NAGRAFA breeds and raises grasscutters Delicacy Expanding business and bringing jobs to the community Grasscutter at NAGRAFA in Ghana (Photo Credit: Bernard Pollack

11 Preserving Biodiversity by Protecting Livestock Keepers Rights
Samburu pastoralist discussing problems his community faces, including adapting to climate change and modernization (Photo Credit: Bernard Pollack)

12 Importance of Indigenous Livestock
Bred to resist disease or survive hot climates Indigenous breeds will help with climate change adaptation In danger of disappearing: Lulu Cattle – adapted to extreme environments, highly disease resistant and very productive Criolla Mora Sheep – used for meat and wool and resistant to endoparasite infestation. Criolla Sheep from Columbia are in danger of disappearing (Photo Credit: ILRI)

13 Preserving Traditional Breeds: Kenya
Governments and Agribusiness are promoting cross-breeding Pastoralists are the best keepers of genetic diversity Samburu pastoralists struggle for survival against governmental policies and drought (Photo Credit: Bernard Pollack)

14 Preserving Traditional Breeds: Uganda
PENHA “Bridge the gap between policy-makers and pastoralists” Policy reform to keep pastoralists on land and conserve indigenous cattle Boy herds cattle at a GTZ project in Aksum, Ethiopia (Photo Credit: Bernard Pollack)

15 Preserving Traditional Breeds: South Africa
Enaleni Farms Raising endangered Zulu sheep and Nguni Cattle Helping to create a DNA “hoof print” for Zulu sheep Zulu sheep are endangered, indigenous to South Africa (Photo Credit: Enaleni Farms)

16 Sustainable Meat, Egg, and Dairy Consumption
A 2007 article in the Lancet calls on wealthy consumers to drop their meat consumption to 90 grams per day to help prevent both hunger and protect the environment. (Photo Credit: USDA)

17 Sustainable Consumption
Worldwide, 42 kg of meat consumed per person In Belgium per capita meat consumption is 82 kg.

18 Sustainable Consumption
Heritage Foods Grass-fed, humanely raised pigs, chickens, turkeys, and lambs to US consumers Preserves heritage breeds of livestock Niman Ranch Distributes humanely-raised meat products Free of antibiotics and growth promoters

19 Sustainable Consumption
Germany’s food guide pyramid emphasizes lowering saturated-fat intake by eating fewer animal products.

20 Sustainable Consumption
In 2009, city of Ghent, Belgium began promoting meatless Thursdays. Printing 90,000 “veggie street maps” so that people can find the vegetarian restaurants. City of Ghent, Belgium (Photo Credit: Telegraph)

21 Sustainable Consumption
Johns Hopkins started “Meatless Mondays” campaign in It increased in popularity in 2009. Goal is to reduce meat consumption by 15% Receiving more support and press than ever Star Chef Mario Batali, who redefined the way Americans eat pork, is joining the Meatless Monday campaign. His 14 restaurants will feature two vegetarian dishes on Mondays. Paul McCartney, rock star and well known vegetarian, banned all meat from staff meals on his world tour. (Photo Credit: Meatless Monday)

22 Investing in Small-Scale Mixed Crop Livestock Systems
"Smallholder farmers have always shown amazing ability to adapt to changing conditions," says Carlos Sere, Director General of ILRI. "With the right kinds of support, these traditional mixed farming systems can be modified to become pathways out of economic and environmental poverty." Boy herding sheep in Kenya (Photo Credit: World Bank)


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