Presentation on theme: "Dena Kniess and Dr. Pamela A. Havice SACSA Conference November 5, 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Dena Kniess and Dr. Pamela A. Havice SACSA Conference November 5, 2012
Background of the Study Purpose of the Study Research Questions Review of the Literature Theoretical Framework Summary
Gaps in literature for second to third year retention (Nora, Barlow, & Crisp, 2005) Difference in persistence rates for minority students from second to third year (Smith, 1995) Issues of retention and persistence for minority students are viewed similar to those of majority students (Rendon, Jalomo, & Nora, 2000)
The purpose of this study is to build upon the existing base of research pertaining to the second-year experience in college. The goal of the study is to better understand the experiences of minority college students in their second-year of college and to discover ways to improve their in- and out-of-class learning experiences.
Primary research question What are the experiences of minority college students during their second- year at a college or university? Secondary research questions How do minority students experience the in- classroom and out-of classroom environments during their second-year? What relationships are important for minority students during their second-year?
Second-Year Student Needs Student Development Theory Second-Year Student Development Identity Development Theories African American Identity Development Latino/a Identity Development
Career and major decisions (Gardner, 2000) Students have not had an opportunity to take classes in major (Graunke & Woosley, 2005) Mentoring relationships Fewest encounters with faculty outside the classroom (Gardner, 2000) Intellectual engagement Reduced motivation or sophomore slump (Anderson & Schreiner, 2000)
Chickerings Psychosocial Identity Development Theory Struggle with developing competence, moving through autonomy toward interdependence, establishing identity, and developing purpose Perrys Theory of Intellectual and Ethical Development Still in dualistic position were there are definite right and wrong answers (Boivin, Fountain, & Baylis, 2000)
Large, residential, public, four-year research institution in the Southeast 14,000 undergraduate students 2,700 undergraduate students in second- year of study
Conducted during Spring semester 2011 Three undergraduate African American students in their junior year Two themes emerged from data Academic adjustment Relationships Significance of pilot study
I mean, freshman year, is general ed and kinda you have to put in effort, but not that much effort and sophomore year you had to put in ten times more effort and so learning how to actually put forth effort was that. Carl, Junior
Well, I think that first semester my grades falling, um, like that was a hard hump to get over because I saw it as, okay so this is my second year so I could either pick it up or give it up and I chose to pick it up because I was like well, failure isnt an option. Lisa, Junior
Described apartment living as … you were farther away from your friends, but I had friends in my apartment … I could say the friends in my apartment were my friends, but it separated me a little bit from some, but drew me closer to others … Casey, Junior
Learning who were their true friends Talked about forming relationships with professors Either were mentored or mentored others
Friends not returning for the second year had one individual questioning their place at the institution … like as a minority it helps to see more minorities like me that have made it, you know. Because, you know to be honest, nobody really expects for a minority to rise to the occasion, … Lisa, Junior
Get into groups of 4-5 with individuals around you Talk about the second-year experience at your institution: How would your student population describe their second year? Do you think it would be similar or different for underrepresented groups? What support structures are in place to help students through their second-year at your institution?
Dena R. Kniess Associate Director, New Student and Family Programs Clemson University Dr. Pamela A. Havice Associate Professor, Leadership, Counselor Education, and Human and Organizational Development Clemson University
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