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WEEE/RoHS Directive and the Compliance Implications IEEE EMC Society Detroit Chapter D.L.S. Electronic Systems, Inc. Jack Black November 2, 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "WEEE/RoHS Directive and the Compliance Implications IEEE EMC Society Detroit Chapter D.L.S. Electronic Systems, Inc. Jack Black November 2, 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 WEEE/RoHS Directive and the Compliance Implications IEEE EMC Society Detroit Chapter D.L.S. Electronic Systems, Inc. Jack Black November 2, 2006

2 What is WEEE EU Directive 2002/96/EC Issued Jan 2003 Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment Electrical and Electronic Equipment Effective July 1, 2006 Associated with RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC Requires Legal Responsibility For Recycling

3 WEEE Specifics Responsibilities Fall to Producers Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment Register With Member States Meet Information Requirements Provide Financial Guarantees Finance the Collection, Treatment, Recovery, and disposal of WEEE

4 WEEE Exemptions EEE for Military Purposes Large Scale Stationary Machine Plant Tools Implanted and Infected Medical Equipment EEE That is Part of Another Type of Equipment not Subject to WEEE Directive Effective July 1, 2006

5 WEEE Marking Before August 2005Current

6 What is RoHS EU Directive 2002/95/EC Issued Jan 2003 Reduction of Hazardous Substances Electrical and Electronic Equipment Effective July 1, 2006 Associated with WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC Specific References to Product Categories

7 CE Mark Requirements Must Be Compliant to ALL Applicable Directives Reduction of Hazardous Substances Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment EMC Directive Low Voltage Directive Machinery Directive Medical Device Directive End of Life Vehicle Directive

8 Restricted Substances Heavy Metals –Cadmium –Mercury –Lead –Hexavalent Chromium

9 Restricted Substances Flame Retardants –Polybrominated Biphenlys –PBB 1000 ppm –Polybrominated Diphenyls Esters - PBDE 1000 ppm

10 Allowable Limits Metals and Flame Retardant.1% by Weight Cadmium.01% by Weight Homogenous Materials Paper, Plastic, Metal,Coatings, Resins,Boards, Ceramics Cant Be Mechanically Disassembled or Disjointed –Plastic Housing Is –Metal Housing with Screws Is Not –Wire With Insulation Is Not –Semiconductor Is Not

11 EEE Definition Electrical and Electronic Equipment depended on electric currents or electromagnetic fields to operate Equipment for the generation, transfer, and measurement of currents and fields Voltage Range not exceeding 1000 volts for AC and 1500 volts DC

12 Identified EEE Categories Large and Small Household Appliances ITE Telecom Tools Toys and Sporting Equipment Consumer Goods Automatic Dispensing Machines Lighting Equipment

13 EEE Categories-Large Appliances Washing Machines Refrigerators Dish Washers Dryers Stoves-Cooktops Ranges Cooking/Processing Fans Air Conditioners Heaters Hot Plates Microwaves Exhaust. Ventilation and Conditioning Radiators Freezers

14 EEE Categories-Small Appliances Vacuum Cleaners Sweepers Irons Toasters Sewing/Knitting Grinders Hair Cutting/Shaving Scales Electric Knives Body Care Appliances Coffee Machines Package Sealers Clocks/Watches Fryers

15 EEE Categories-ITE Telecom Central Data Processing Computers Printers Typewriters Calculators ( Pocket) User Terminals/Systems Faxes Answering Machines Cell Phones Laptops Peripherals Equipment for Collection, Storage, Processing, Presentation or Communication of information by Electronic Means Products Used to Transmit Sound, images, or other Information by Telecommunications

16 EEE Categories-Consumer Equipment Televisions Radios Video Players/Recorders Video Cameras Amplifiers Musical Instruments Equipment for Recording, Reproducing Sound or Images, Including Signals or Other Technology, for the Distribution of Sound and Images other than Telecommunications

17 EEE Categories-Lighting Equipment Non-household Luminaries for Florescent Lamps Florescent Lamps Sodium Lamps Discharge Lamps Metal Halide Lamps Lighting Equipment for Purpose of Spreading or Controlling Lights with the Exception of Filament bulbs

18 EEE Categories Toys Leisure and Sport Equipment Electric Trains-Racing Car Sets Video Games, Consoles, Hand Held Computers for Biking Diving Running Sports Equipment with Electric/Electronic Controls Coin Operated Gaming Slot Machines

19 EEE Categories-Medical Equipment Radiotherapy Cardiology Dialysis Pulmonary Ventilators Nuclear Medicine Lab Equipment-In Vitro Analyzers Freezers Fertilization Tests

20 EEE Categories-Medical Equipment Devices Used For: Detection Prevention Monitoring Treatment Alleviating Illness Alleviating Injury Alleviating Disability

21 EEE Categories-Medical Equipment Devices Used For Detection Prevention Monitoring Treatment Alleviating Illness Alleviating Injury Alleviating Disability

22 EEE Categories Monitoring and Control Instruments Smoke Detectors Heating Regulators Thermostats Industrial Monitoring or Control Measuring, Weighing, or Adjusting Appliances –Household or as Laboratory Equipment

23 EEE Categories Automatic Dispensers Automatic Hot Drink Dispensers Automatic Hot/Cold Bottles or Cans Dispensers Automatic Dispensers for Solid Products Automatic Dispensers for Money Any Appliance That Automatically Delivers Any Kinds of Products

24 RoHS Exemptions Medical Equipment Monitoring Equipment Large Scale Plant Machine Tooling Household Luminaries Defense Related Equipment Lead -Specific Applications –Solder in Telecom Equipment –Solder in Ceramic Devices

25 RoHS Exemptions Medical Equipment Monitoring Equipment Large Scale Plant Machine Tooling Household Luminaries Defense Related Equipment Lead -Specific Applications –Solder in Telecom Equipment –Solder in Ceramic Devices

26 RoHS Exemptions Automotive Electronics- EVL Directive –If specifically designed for automotive use only Car Radio CD Players Navigation Systems –No if not auto specific I Pods Aftermarket Video Equipment

27 RoHS-Who Must Comply Producers of Covered EEE No Grandfather Clause Suppliers to Producers –Established Contractually Distributors –Established Contractually

28 RoHS-Who Must Comply Producers of Covered EEE –Manufacturers and Sells Electrical and Electronic Equipment under his own brand –Resells under his own band equipment produced by other suppliers –Imports or Exports Electrical and Electronic Equipment on a professional basis

29 RoHS-Who Must Comply Penalties –Manufacturers and Signatory Person Fined 5,000 Euro –Product Removed From Market –Listed on Non Compliant List –Extreme Cases-2 Year Prison and Unlimited Fine

30 RoHS-How Do You Comply Self Declaration Declaration of Conformity Supporting Technical File Proper Marking on Equipment and Packaging

31 RoHS Markings

32 Changes to EEE That Effect EMC Performance Power Supplies Circuit Board Materials/Layouts Plating Metals/Solder Filtering Components/Materials Enclosures Cabling Relays Displays

33 Power Supplies Should be RoHS Compliant Must have CE Mark Review Supplier EMC Data if Possible Remember that CE plus CE doesn't Equal CE Compliance Number 1 EMC Compliance Issue LVD Safety Issue

34 Circuit Board Materials/Layout Materials Should be RoHS Compliant New Layouts: Must Be Retested Same Layout Only Solder Change: Shows minimal effect compared to past EMC performance Changes to Ground Planes-Grids: Should Be Retested

35 Plating Cadmium Plating with Non Approved Zinc Chromate – Hexavalent –Should be less than 2 ohms/square Tin Plating Replacing Lead –Whiskering Problems Shows Up in Environmental Tests-LVD Screws have Cadmium Plating

36 Metals Many Steel Alloys Have Hexavalent Chromium Also Called Chromium Six Supplier Certification –Be specific as to what type of chromium is added

37 Filtering Should be RoHS Compliant Review Supplier EMC Data if Possible Number 2 EMC Compliance Issue LVD Safety Issue

38 Components/Materials Plastic- Connectors and Components –Change in Base Material and Shielding Treatment –Many Have Flame Retardants EMC Gaskets –Many Have Flame Retardants –Changes Could Create EMC Failures Board Level Components –IC Changes Not Readily Identified –Capacitors, Resistors, etc Seem to be OK

39 Enclosures Plastic –Change in Base Material and Shielding Treatment –Many Have Flame Retardants Metal –Many Have Plating Issues –Changes could Create EMC Failures –2 Ohm/square treatment Design Changes –Slots, Apertures, Seems, Holes, Fasteners Concerns –Mating Surfaces of Displays, Connectors,Filters

40 Cables/Cabling Lead Used In Insulation Process Lead Used to Make Terminations Connectors-Plating Issues Flame Retardants

41 Relays Mercury Wetted Relays Changed to Solid State Failed Immunity and Emissions

42 Displays Lead In Glass Lead Used to Make Attachment Between Layers May Get Exemption

43 Other Issues Component Changes Upgrades and Expansions are Applicable –Only if Considered for a Product On Market Cables and Wires Are Applicable –Unless Fixed Installations Separate Battery Directive

44 Spare Parts Non Complaint Models in the Field Can Have Non Complaint Spare Parts Suppliers Discontinuing Non RoHS Compliant Components Retest Required on Older Models –Spares are not the same for certain critical parts –New Power Supplies

45 Peripherals Systems that Include Peripherals must have RoHS Compliant Peripherals Suppliers Discontinuing non RoHS Compliant Peripherals Retest not required on older models if Peripheral is CE Marked to same requirements.

46 Future Requirements China Implementing RoHS in 2007 Korea Strongly Considering California Proposition 65 Suppliers No Longer Making Non RoHS Complaint Components/Devices

47 Summary Make Sure You Are Compliant to All Directives No Grandfather Clause CE plus CE Doesn't Equal CE Verify Changes Meet Established Requirements Know Your Level of Liability and Risk Global Requirements in the Future Severe Reduction in Availability of Non Compliant Parts

48 D.L.S. Electronic Systems, Inc. EMC and Product Safety Testing and Consulting


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