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© Loughborough University, 2004 Legislative drivers Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive Restriction of Hazard Substances (RoHS) Directive End of Life Vehicles Eco-design of End Use Equipment (EuE) Directive
© Loughborough University, 2004 WEEE Directive Objectives Reduction of waste Increase in recovery and recycling Improved environmental performance UK legislation in place – August 2004
© Loughborough University, 2004 Large household appliances Small household appliances IT & telecommunication equipment Consumer equipment Lighting equipment Electrical & electronic tools Toys, leisure & sports equipment Medical devices Monitoring and control instruments Automatic dispensers From flashing coasters to head-up displays WEEE Directive
© Loughborough University, 2004 Includes waste electrical items from vehicles that are removed from the vehicle prior to disposal e.g. In car entertainment systems Includes waste electrical items removed from Shipping vessels e.g. Instruments and Computer systems Excludes small businesses with turnover of <2M and <10 employees) WEEE Directive
© Loughborough University, 2004 Recovery: Includes energy recovery, recycling & reuse Producers to set up systems for recovery of separately collected WEEE Meet recovery targets (from 70% to 80%) by weight & meet re use and recycling targets (50% to 80%) by 2006 WEEE Directive
© Loughborough University, 2004 RoHS Directive A Single Market Directive on the restriction of certain hazardous substances Seeks to reduce the environmental impact of EEE by restricting the use of certain hazardous substances during manufacture Complementary to the WEEE Directive
© Loughborough University, 2004 RoHS Directive What is covered? All products covered by the WEEE Directive except medical devices From 1 July 2006, the following substances will be banned - lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE)
© Loughborough University, 2004 RoHS Directive Exemptions Mercury (in some applications) Lead in the glass of fluorescent tubes Some specified applications of lead, cadmium plating, hexavalent chromium
© Loughborough University, 2004 EOL Vehicle Directive Scope Covering all End of Life Vehicles (ELV) with or without original components fitted Some exemptions apply in the case of special purpose vehicles (ambulances, fire engines etc)
© Loughborough University, 2004 ensure all ELVs are only treated by authorised dismantlers implement new environmental treatment standards for ELVs increase the reuse and recovery of ELVs to a minimum of 85% per vehicle by 2006, with reuse & recycling at 80%. Increasing to 95% & 85% by 2015 ensure producers design vehicles with recycling in mind restrict the use of hazardous substances, some will be banned producers are to meet all or a significant part of the costs of implementation (take back end of life vehicles ) from 2007 EOL Vehicle Directive
© Loughborough University, 2004 EuE Directive Scope All end-use equipment sold and used within the EU that is dependent upon an energy source to function (except motor vehicles). Design products to ensure a high level of environmental protection in balance with technical and economic requirements, respecting health and safety legislation, and taking into account key principles:- –prevent pollution and conserve resources –make efficient use of energy and materials –encourage recycling and reuse –minimise release of hazardous substances –optimise the useful lifetime –facilitate end-of-life management
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© Loughborough University, 2004 Designers have a great opportunity... The design stages of product development have a direct influence over about 70% of.
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Leading Waste Prevention Efforts in the U.S. and Abroad Prepared by: James Goldstein Tellus Institute Boston, MA Vermont Forum on Preventing Waste Vermont.
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