Presentation on theme: "The energy sector is playing a vital role in Egypt's economy. However, the Egyptian government currently faces a real challenge to make a strategic choice."— Presentation transcript:
The energy sector is playing a vital role in Egypt's economy. However, the Egyptian government currently faces a real challenge to make a strategic choice between satisfying the ever increasing national primary energy demand (depending by more than 94% on oil and gas) that is being offered to end-users with subsidized prices, and maintaining a certain level of hard currency revenues from oil and gas exports at world prices, even with a growing risk of accelerated depletion rates of national proven reserves. For the electricity sector, the load and energy demand grows by more than 10 % per year where the load is expected to reach 39703MW and the energy GWh by year 2020.
Meeting the ever increasing demand on electricity with a high degree of reliability and sustainability has been one of the main issues addressed by the strategy developed and implemented by the Ministry of Electricity and Energy. The Egyptian Electricity sector has adopted strong measures in order to improve energy efficiency at both the supply and demand sides, this resulted in reducing the overall average specific fuel consumption from 340 gm to 221 gm of oil equivalent per kWh, reducing losses from 18 % to11.5% in 2004/2005. Comparable efforts have been conducted on the demand side to effectively utilize the electrical energy.
Egypt has traditionally been using large amounts of renewable energy, especially hydropower, to generate electricity. In recent times the use of wind, solar and biomass energy has contributed to electricity production. However, at present, almost 87% of the total generated electricity origins from fossil sources with 80 % natural gas, 12% from Hydro and 0.7% from wind, a rate which will increase in future due to continuing high rates of demand growth. For renewable energies a share of 20% on the energy production by 2020 For energy efficiency the objective was defined to save 20% of todays consumption by 2020.
The national strategy for Egypts power sector includes among others the following: Optimize use of available energy sources and minimize environment pollution Provide electricity with minimum price and best quality Restructure electricity sector to optimize investments and improve electrical services Utilize modern and sophisticated technical systems in electricity sector's operation and activities Develop the expertise and skills of engineers and technicians working in the electricity sector. Energy Efficiency Improvement
As continuation of the electricity sector efforts, the Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction (EEIGGR) Project, was decided in 1998, fits very well into this strategy: The Project with the overall objective to reduce the long-term growth of greenhouse gas emissions from electric power generation and from consumption of non-renewable fuel resources is mainly based upon higher efficiency of equipment in the sector and better know-how of the professional staff through capacity building and learning. The Projects aims were specifically to assist Egypt in loss reduction in the electricity transmission system and in load management, enhance the end-use efficiency by market incentives and provide further information and support for co-generated electricity.
This GEF project shall be vital to the achievement of such goals. The program presents an integrated effort focusing on electricity consumption. Given the current shortage of capacity in addition to the reduction of electricity consumption and thus C02 emissions the government of Egypt through the Ministry of Electricity and Energy has an additional strong interest in these activities as an effort to curb the growth in load. The program covers the technologies of: Energy efficient lighting (mainly CFL lamps but also modern lamps for street lighting)
Project Activities Component 1: Loss Reduction & load Shifting in the Unified Power System (UPS) Component 2: Energy Efficiency Market Support Component 3: Cogeneration
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 0.17 MTOE Energy Savings CO MTons
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project The project target is to reduce the transmission losses of the UPS from 7% – 5%, reduce energy consumption by 0.17 MTOE and 0.48 MTons of CO2.
Improving Network Losses Measurement Capability Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project Calibration and maintenance of measuring devices using the high accuracy (0.01%) calibrating equipment procured by the project. Improve Dynamic Response of all Thermal Stations: Assessment of dynamic response of generating units (37 units MW) based on original specifications and take mitigation actions to improve their performance. Tuning of 24 units to work under Automatic Generation Control (AGC)
Improve Transmission Losses through Network Analysis and Control Strategies: Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project Maximum use of reactive power of the generating units. Improve the power factor through installation of capacitor banks at selected locations. Optimization of network planning by using the up to date software program Optimum Power Flow (OPF). Load re distribution
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project Percentage %
Fuel Saving and CO2 Reduction from component 1 All these activities lead to a reduction of percentage losses to reach 3.68% by year 2007/2008. Accumulated Fuel Savings from the start of the project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007: 3.2 MtOE. Accumulated CO2 reduction from the start of the project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007: 9.59 MTons
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 2.95 MTOE Energy Savings CO MTons 80
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Total of 200 energy audits using 10 different technologies have been accomplished in industrial and commercial facilities. Training of 60 engineers in the field of energy audits. 20 audits only have been implemented. 1.Under capitalized ESCO (problems to access to finance). 2.Unfavorable lending terms. 3.High prices of efficient equipment. 4.Exchange rates of the currency led to reduction of the economical attractiveness of the E.E. projects. Energy Audits Obstacles preventing Implementation
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 EEIGGR project has developed a new scheme for the loan guarantee mechanism to provide the necessary finance for the energy service companies (ESCOs) through providing guarantee to these companies to get loans from the banks. An agreement has been signed between the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company and the Credit Guarantee Company and an approved list of projects are expected to benefit from this mechanism. Loan Guarantee Program
7 ESCOs have been selected and energy efficiency technologies have been adopted which can payback in less than 3 years. It is required to leverage additional funds to facilitate implementation of large size projects. Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Loan Guarantee Program
Bank ECCESCO EEIGGRCGC END USER EEIGGR: Energy Efficiency Improvement and Greenhouse Gas Reduction project CGC: Credit Guarantee Company ESCO: Energy Service Company EEC: Egyptian Consulting Center 100% loan guarantee Loan payment Loan InstallmentEE Project Legal, accounting and administrative support Partial guarantee (50-70%) Registration Techno-economical feasibility Reporting Technical Support Marketing Subcontracted Loan Guarantee Mechanism
Efficient Lighting Initiative In Egypt, the share of lighting accounts for nearly 23 % of the total energy sold in the country : The residential and commercial sectors consumes nearly 25% of their energy - estimated at 44% of the total energy – for lighting purposes, the lighting consumed by the industrial sector accounts for10%, while the public lighting and government buildings lighting accounts for nearly 7%.
Share of lighting out of the total consumption for the most consuming sectors Sector% of consumption % of lighting out of sector consumption % of lighting out of total consumption Residential Commercial Industrial Governmental Street Lighting6.8 Total
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Study for the reduction of custom duties of two selected equipments : CFL from 30% to 5% and efficient motors from 30% to 10%, ( not yet approved). Undertake a program for the diffusion of CFL by the DCs through replication of the leasing program. Encourage the Local manufacturers to manufacture CFL locally (6 factories were established). Public awareness program for the diffusion of efficient lamps which led to the increase of the market size of CFL from 434 million/2001 to 4.4 million/2007 Encourage NGOs to implement energy efficiency projects. Project Initiatives to face these obstacles:
No. of CFLs Year Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Development of Egyptian Market for CFLs 2000 To 2007
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Decrease of price lamp from
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Cooperation with GEF Small Grants Program (SGP) to assist 7 NGOs in financing energy efficiency lighting programs. Promoting the use of efficient lighting equip. many demonstration application have been executed at different locations: Some street lighting, in Cairo and Alexandria; Headquarter offices, garage and some offices in EEHC building (total of 620 lamps); Electricity compounds and power plants in Cairo. Cooperation with NGOs
Within the cooperation with NGOs training of 60 electric technicians and lending them money for buying and mounting CFL and electronic ballasts to customers thus their increasing awareness Application of leasing program for CFL (revolving fund) in Cairo, Alexandria and Beheira DCs Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80
Fuel Saving and CO2 Reduction from efficient lighting applications Accumulated Fuel Savings from the start of the project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007: 0.77MTOE. Accumulated CO2 reduction from the start of the project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007: MTons
Public Lighting and Governmental Buildings Public lighting and governmental buildings consumes 7%and 5.5% respectively. Two important studies were carried out: –Energy efficiency opportunities in governmental buildings, –Public lighting energy efficiency through the use of efficient lighting systems. Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Energy Efficiency Initiatives in Governmental Buildings Study recommendations: Short term recommendations: Appointment of an energy manager for each governmental building in addition to awareness programs Medium term recommendations : Implementing retrofits of the current governmental building facilities especially for the lighting system, in addition of improving power factor for these buildings. Long term recommendations: Developing governmental procurement guidelines to take into consideration energy efficiency concept. This stage will rely on the results and experience gained from the medium term recommendations.
The Ministry of Electricity and Energy has taken the initiative of starting by its own buildings. The electricity distribution companies started already implementing energy efficiency measures in their administrative buildings where real savings have been achieved Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Energy Efficiency Initiatives in Governmental Buildings
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 A ministerial decree of the Minister of Industry was issued for applying the specifications and the energy efficiency labels for three selected appliances (Refrigerators, air conditioners and washing machines). Accredited Energy Efficiency Testing Laboratories have been erected at New and Renewable Energy Authority premises for the Energy Efficiency Labels and Standards: (Refrigerators, air conditioners and washing machines). Efficient lighting equipment CFLs and electronic ballasts
Refrigerators and Washing Machines and efficient lighting Energy Efficiency Testing Labs. At NREA Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Energy Efficiency Labels and Standards:
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 80 Residential Energy Efficiency Building Code A ministerial decree (482/2005) by the Ministry of Housing Utilities & Urban communities has been issued on 20/12/2005 for enforcement of E.E. code for residential buildings. The Ministerial decree for the commercial buildings will be issued within the next few months. Work is undergoing for developing an energy efficiency code for the administrative buildings. Legislation is needed for ensure enforcement mechanisms for adoption of energy efficiency building codes where the expected savings could reach 20 to 25% of the consumption.
Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project 1.08 MTOE Energy Savings CO MTons
An Agreement with Arab Contractors Co. has been signed to develop the cogeneration unit at Alu Misr for its parallel operation with the grid. A feasibility study for the parallel operation has been carried out for testing the unit under loading conditions and identify ways to improve its current load factor of 57% to an increased targeted load factor of 80% after maintenance. Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project Maximize the utilization of the existing cogeneration capacity
Future Energy Efficiency Projects National Efficient Lighting Initiative (NELI) in Egypt Develop Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for More Electrical Appliances. Increase the capacity of the loan guarantee mechanism for financing more energy efficiency projects. Energy Efficiency Improvement & Greenhouse Gas Reduction Project (Part A) National Efficient Lighting Initiative in Residential Sector PART (B) Energy Efficiency Improvement in Governmental Buildings.