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Lesson 9: Looking at the Windows DesktopInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Lesson 9: Looking at the Windows Desktop how to start and exit Windows what the Windows desktop is how to use the Start button how to use the Taskbar how to manipulate windows Pg 57 This is the outline of topics for this lesson. You will focus on the desktop elements in this lesson. It is very important that students begin to build their own resource skills in order to identify elements on the screen and why something could be happening based on what they see on the screen. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 1
What is the Windows Desktop?Internet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals What is the Windows Desktop? 1 4 3 5 6 7 8 2 1 2 Desktop Icons Mouse Pointer 3 4 Windows Sidebar Desktop 5 6 Start Button Quick Launch Toolbar 7 8 Taskbar Notification Area Pg 57 Objective , , , Take the time to go through the individual elements that they see on the desktop. Even though there may be more icons than shown here, focus on the standard ones that they will see on every computer, regardless of what software has been installed on that system. Use the next few pages (slides) to go over the components and ensure students understand where they are on the desktop if not specifically how they might use them. Take note that a description is provided for the Sidebar in the book and the next slide but the Sidebar is not covered in any detail elsewhere. It is not an exam objective so you can decide how much time you want to spend on this feature, or show students how to turn it off. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 2
What is the Windows Desktop?Internet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals What is the Windows Desktop? Desktop Icons Shortcut buttons that open frequently used programs, folders or files. Desktop The work area where windows, icons, menus, and dialog boxes appear. Windows Sidebar Where mini-programs called gadgets display. Start button Start programs, open documents, find items, get help, or log off and shut down computer. Quick Launch Toolbar Shortcuts that launch programs, open documents, or open folders. Taskbar Contains Start button, taskbar notification area, and Quick Launch or other toolbars. Each open program or file displays as a button. Taskbar Notification Area Small icons may notify of a program status, or be another shortcut route to open programs. Pg 57 Objective , , , As you go through these areas on the screen, point out how these can be manipulated to show/hide, or be placed in different areas of the screen. Ensure students understand the terminologies as they won’t be repeated if they appear again when new topics are introduced; only new terminology will be discussed at that time. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 3
Using the Start Button Pinned Program Area (shown in a boldface)Internet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Using the Start Button 1 4 3 2 Recently Used Programs (dynamic items that change automatically based on programs used the most frequently) Useful System Folders Search Box Pinned Program Area (shown in a boldface) Pg 58 Objective , , , The Start button will be the most commonly used method to access a command. Use this screen as a basis for showing students what the Start menu looks like an © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 4
Internet and Computing Core Certification GuideInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Using the Start Button Primary means of starting programs, finding files, accessing online help, logging off the network, switching between users, or shutting down computer To activate Start button: Click Start Press Press Command with indicates submenu available To return to main Start menu, click Back Items with indicate submenu with more options Can select items on Start menu using mouse or keyboard Pg 58 Objective , , , Discuss how this is the one button they can rely on to start any application installed on the computer, regardless of whether it is for file management or to work with a file in an application program. Remind students which button this is and where it is located. Also discuss how they need only to point at the All Programs command for Vista to display the submenu. If they click Back by mistake, they can hover on All Programs to return to the submenu. You still have to double-click (or single click, depending on mouse option) to see the contents of a program folder. The biggest advantage for students knowing that the keyboard can be used is if the mouse stops working and you need to shut down safely. Use the next slide as your reference when you walk students through the Start menu. Also have students try accessing items on the menu using both the mouse and the keyboard so they can get a feel for whichever method they may prefer (or need to know and use later). © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 5
Internet and Computing Core Certification GuideInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Using the Start Button 1 1 Pinned Program Area (shown in a boldface) 2 Recently Used Programs (dynamic items that change automatically based on programs used most frequently) 2 3 Useful System Folders 4 Search Box Pg 58 Objective , , , Take a few moments to take the students through examples of what they will see when they click on the Start menu. Many students don’t really see what they’re doing when they use this menu at home or work in order to quickly access certain items. Use the descriptions on this page (or in conjunction with the next slide) to discuss the elements. 3 4 © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 6
Exiting the Computer ProperlyInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Exiting the Computer Properly Extremely important to save files, close programs, and log off computer Prevents unauthorized access to files or to company’s network Can shut down computer completely using Shut Down command Never turn off computer without closing files and software programs in correct manner Protects software and data files from being corrupted or lost Pg 59 Objective , , , Most people will understand the importance of this even though they have not worked on a computer before. Relate this to another analogy such as turning the stove or oven off after you have finished cooking the food, or turning off the car once you are parked. Point out where the three buttons are for exiting the computer and how they differ. The next slide contains further information you can use for reference as you discuss this with the class. 1 3 2 Lock Power State Shut Down Options © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 7
Exiting the Computer ProperlyInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Exiting the Computer Properly Power State Reduces power to computer without completely shutting it down When restart computer and logon, returns to where you left off Lock Hides desktop and shows logon screen To return, select your user account Shut Down Switch User: Switches to another account without logging out of current account Log Off: Closes all open items, logs out of current account, and returns to login screen Lock: Hides desktop behind login screen Restart: Closes all open items and restarts computer Sleep: Goes into state to consume less power without losing what’s on screen Hibernate: Only on notebooks; saves what’s on desktop and then shuts down computer to consume no power; when restart computer and log in, desktop returns to where you left it Shut Down: Closes all open items and shuts down computer Pg 59 Objective , , , Discuss the different options for the exit buttons. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 8
Exiting the Computer ProperlyInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Exiting the Computer Properly Always allow Windows to complete Shut Down or Restart process properly Reactivating before Windows has completed processes may cause files to be corrupted and result in error message Power Options scheme and configuration may enable computer to go into Sleep or Standby mode Monitor or hard disk turns off after set interval of time If power failure occurs while in this state, will lose any unsaved information To return to normal, move mouse or press key Use when you want to leave computer on but not using it for length of time Use Hibernation to close notebook and take it somewhere else Pg 59 Objective , , , It cannot be emphasized enough how important it is to shut down the computer completely and not to touch it without letting several seconds go by after the shut down has happened. Many people get impatient and once the “click” happens to signal the computer’s power is off, they will turn it back on immediately. Recommend and encourage students to wait at least five seconds to give the computer a chance to totally shut down everything safely. Be prepared to fully discuss what the differences are between Sleep, Standby and Hibernate. If you have a spare notebook or unused desktop, you may want to demonstrate this to the class. You may also want to mention that in some cases, when you select Shut Down, the computer informs you there are updates pending and it will shut down on completion of the updates. This is due to having the updates set to Manual. You can choose to elaborate on this depending on the class’ interests. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc.
Restarting the ComputerInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Restarting the Computer To display Task Manager: Press , or , then click Start Task Manager Right-click taskbar and click Task Manager Use to switch programs, start program, check which programs running and status, or safely close program if problems occurring If Task Manager not responding or closing applications appropriately, will need to press keystrokes to restart computer To activate Start menu, use Restart from Shut Down Pg 60 Objective , , , Emphasize how important it is not to end or change anything in the other Task Manager tabs unless you are experienced with computers, or have someone who is telling you to do this step. At this stage, they are likely only to need the Applications tab to manage the programs and then only when there is a problem, such as no response from an application. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc.
Internet and Computing Core Certification GuideInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Using the Taskbar Notification Area displays time with access to startup programs Can move the taskbar or change the way it displays Hover mouse pointer over blank area of taskbar and drag to any side of screen Hover mouse pointer over and then drag to show more or less of taskbar To change size, hover mouse over edge of taskbar and drag to desired height To prevent changes or movement, right-click area of taskbar and click Lock the Taskbar To customize properties, right-click area to customize, or right-click Start button and click Properties 1 Quick Launch Toolbar Start Button 2 3 Notification Area Taskbar Buttons 4 Pg 61 Objective Be sure students identify and know where the taskbar is. This will become crucial as they move into using application programs and learn how to switch between open documents. Most students will not care about the size or position of the taskbar other than as cursory interest. They may be more interested in the icons at the right side or the toolbars. Take them through each of the options, especially the Properties command. They may not use these features initially but it’s a good introduction to them on how you can customize your desktop to suit your purposes. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 11
Looking at a Typical WindowInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Looking at a Typical Window 1 2 3 4 7 8 5 6 9 10 Back/Forward Navigation Buttons Title Bar Address Bar Command Bar Search Box Control Buttons Contents Pane Navigation Pane Details Pane Favorite Links Pg 62 Objectives , Be sure to point out how the drives available will vary from the screen shown here based on the setup of your network or computers in the classroom. The next slide is a list of all the items labeled here. Be sure that students understand this as common items will not be referenced in newer topics. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 12
Looking at a Typical WindowInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Looking at a Typical Window Back / Forward Navigate between different views of files and folders. Title Bar Displays name of feature or application program currently active. Command Bar Contains commands to organize, view, or protect your data. Address Bar Click folder name in trail to go to that folder, or click arrow to see items in same folder. Search box Enter criteria to search for file or folder. Control buttons closes window to button on taskbar, displays window full screen, restores to size before maximized, and closes window. Favorite Links Displays commonly used folders or locations as links. Navigation Pane Displays list of folders and drives you can access to view contents. Contents Pane Displays contents for selected folder or drive in Navigation pane. Details Pane Displays properties or details for selected file or folder in Contents Pane. Pg 62-63 Objective Take a few moments to go over the individual elements you can find within a typical window, especially the title bar that identifies what you are looking at, the Minimize/Maximize/Restore/Close buttons, and Status bar. These should become very common to users so they understand what they are looking at in any window. You may want to include a brief discussion here about how the display can be customized to show some or all or even none of these elements (with the exception of the sizing handle). Be sure to include how some items will appear only when necessary whereas others can be customized to suit your preferences. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 13
Internet and Computing Core Certification GuideInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Moving a Window Hover mouse pointer anywhere on title bar and drag to new location With keyboard, press to activate control icon Press to select Move command and press Use arrow keys to move window to new location and then press to exit action Can only move window that is not full screen Pg 63 Objective Both the mouse and keyboard methods are provided to show how to move a window. Be sure to demonstrate both methods so students have a choice as to which one works best for them. Sometimes using the keyboard gives you a bit more control on where you want to go, especially if you haven’t quite got the hang of using the mouse (more so for sizing than with moving). © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 14
Internet and Computing Core Certification GuideInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Sizing a Window Position mouse pointer anywhere on border to size and drag to desired size To size vertical and horizontal sides at same time, position mouse cursor on any corner of window, and then drag to desired size for window With keyboard, press to activate control icon Press to select Size and press Use arrow keys for side to size, pressing that key until window is size you want, and then press to exit action Need to repeat this for every side to size Pg 64 Objective Both the mouse and keyboard methods are provided to show how to move a window. Be sure to demonstrate both methods so students have a choice as to which one works best for them. Sometimes using the keyboard gives you a bit more control on where you want to go, especially if you haven’t quite got the hang of using the mouse. Students might wonder why you would ever use the keyboard since there seems to be so many steps. However, some people like having the control of sizing a window using the keyboard, such as when the mouse doesn’t work at the moment. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 15
Internet and Computing Core Certification GuideInternet and Computing Core Certification Guide Module A Computing Fundamentals Using Scroll Bars If window too small to display all contents, scroll bars appear on right side or at bottom Arrow button at each end of scroll bar, scroll box, and scroll area Scroll box provides approximate gauge of where information currently is in relation to entire contents Click lighter shaded area above or below scroll box to display previous or subsequent screen of information Click arrow at either end of vertical scroll bar once to display line of information in that direction Click arrow at either end of horizontal scroll bar once to display column of information in that direction Click and hold mouse button on arrow at either end of scroll bar to have screen scroll in that direction Drag scroll box to specific area in scroll area to move directly to that location Scroll Box Pg 64 Objective As a way of being able to see the scroll bars, have students open the Windows Explorer window and practice sizing it down to half the size it appears when activated. Students can then practice using the scroll bars as well as resizing the window. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. © CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 16
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