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נטסקה (Netsuke) היה במקור אביזר לבוש מעוטר ומגולף, שנקשר בשרוך לחפצים אחרים. חפצים אלו המכונים סאגמונו (;Sagemono דבר תלוי) כוללים קופסאות אינרו (Inro)

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Presentation on theme: "נטסקה (Netsuke) היה במקור אביזר לבוש מעוטר ומגולף, שנקשר בשרוך לחפצים אחרים. חפצים אלו המכונים סאגמונו (;Sagemono דבר תלוי) כוללים קופסאות אינרו (Inro)"— Presentation transcript:

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2 נטסקה (Netsuke) היה במקור אביזר לבוש מעוטר ומגולף, שנקשר בשרוך לחפצים אחרים. חפצים אלו המכונים סאגמונו (;Sagemono דבר תלוי) כוללים קופסאות אינרו (Inro) לחותם ולתרופות, נרתיקי טבק, ארנקים, קופסאות לכלי כתיבה ועוד. הבגד היפני המסורתי, הקימונו, הוא גלימה ללא כיסים הנקשרת בעזרת אבנט רחב סביב המותניים. את הנרתיקים השונים נשאו קשורים בשרוך שהושחל מתחת לחגורה. הנטסקה, הקשור בקצהו השני של השרוך, היה מונח תלוי מעל האבנט. ייעודו היה מניעת החלקתם של אותם חפצים. מצגת זו היא המצגת השנייה בנושא, ואנו ממליצים לאלה שלא צפו במצגת הראשונה לצפות בה בתחילה:

3 בתחילתו היה הנטסקה (נה - שורש, טסקה - להדק), כפי שמשתמע משמו, חפץ שימושי פשוט מאוד. פיסת שורש, במבוק, או עצם ובה חור להשחלת החוט. עד מהרה זכה פריט זה לתשומת לב אמנותית והיה לפסלון שמשתקפים בו נושאים הלקוחים מכל תחומי החיים. הנטסקה היה בשימושם של גברים מכל המעמדות החל מהמאה ה- 16, אך הגיע לשיא פריחתו בתקופת אדו ( ).

4 Every traditional Japanese art and technique developed from competition between Eastern and Western Japan, while establishing their own unique forms. Netsuke are no exception. While the Kyoto School in the West had a gracious character reflecting the capital's elegant atmosphere, the Edo School in the East placed higher value on stylishness and minute design details. A Foreigner Carrying on Octopus Unsigned Ivory

5 Fukurokuju, as turtle - wood, Shumin; fukurokuju and turtle are both associated with longevity In Japan, Fukurokuju ( ) (from Japanese fuku, "happiness"; roku, "wealth"; and ju, "longevity") is one of the Seven Lucky Gods in Japanese mythology. It has been theorized that he is a Japanese assimilation of the Chinese Three Star Gods (Fulushou) embodied in one deity. Most related in appearance to the Chinese star god Shou, he is the God of wisdom and longevity

6 Benkei and Yoshitsune : wood, Shoko. Saitō no Musashibō Benkei ( ?, 1155–1189), popularly called Benkei, was a Japanese warrior monk (sōhei) who served Minamoto no Yoshitsune. He is commonly depicted as a man of great strength and loyalty, and a popular subject of Japanese folklore.

7 19th century stained elephant ivory Netsuke depicting a seated monkey trainer and monkey. Nicely carved with fine surface detail. Trainer wears a kimono with a hooded outer wrap fastened at the neck like a cloak. Both figures are decorated on the arms and back with geometric designs. Both figures engage the viewer, while the monkey leans affectionately on its master's shoulder, accenting the relationship between human and simian. Carving is skilled, with subtle details and well defined facial features.

8 daikoku Daikokuten, the god of great darkness or blackness, is one of the Seven Gods of Fortune. Daikokuten evolved from the Hindu deity, Shiva.Seven Gods of Fortune The god enjoys an exalted position as a household deity in Japan. Daikoku's association with wealth and prosperity precipitated a custom known as fuku-nusubi, or "theft of fortune". This custom started with the belief that he who stole divine figures (gods and goddesses) was assured of good fortune, if not caught in the act of stealing. In the course of time, stealing divine images became so common a practice in Japan that the Toshi- no-ichi or the "year-end-market" held in the Asakusa Kannon temple became the main venue of the sale and disposal of such images by the fortune-seekers

9 Seven Gods of Good Luck From left to right: Soldan Sağa Hotei, Juroujin, Fukurokuju, Bishamonten, Benzaiten, Daikokuten, Ebisu The Seven Gods of Fortune (Shichi Fukujin), refer to the seven gods of good fortune in Japanese mythology and folklore. They are often the subject of netsuke carvings and other representations. Many figures in Japanese myth were transmitted from China (some having entered China from India), including all of the Seven Lucky Gods except Ebisu. Another god, Kichijōten, goddess of happiness, is sometimes found depicted along with the seven traditional gods, replacing Jurōjin, the reasoning being that Jurōjin and Fukurokuju were originally manifestations of the same Taoist deity, the Southern Star. However, as is often the case in folklore, Japanese gods sometimes represent different things in different places.

10 Daikoku carving rat: wood and ivory, Tokoku; rat is associated with Daikoku

11 Ebisu with fish (sea bream): ivory, Shuzan במיתולוגיה היפנית אביסו, הוא אל הדייגים, המזל הטוב והפועלים. שימש כאל המשגיח על בריאותם של הילדים, השומר על הבית ודואג לרווחת דייריו. נקרא גם הירוקו, אחד משבעת אלי המזל, והיחיד מביניהם שמקורו ביפן.

12 IVORY NETSUKE Early 20th Century By Tokoku. In the form of Daikoku with a treasure sack. Various inlays. Inlaid signature plaque Daikoku, in Japanese mythology, one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (Seven Gods of Luck); the god of wealth and guardian of farmers. He is depicted in legend and art as dark-skinned, stout, carrying a wish-granting mallet in his right hand, a bag of precious things slung over his back, and sitting on two rice bags. Rats are sometimes shown nibbling at the rice, further emphasizing the theme of prosperity

13 Okame shaving Fukurokuju 's (tall/long ) head: wood, Sosui; sexual reference

14 Tanuki with sake bottle: wood, Tomokazu As the tanuki, the animal has been significant in Japanese folklore since ancient times. The legendary tanuki is reputed to be mischievous and jolly, a master of disguise and shapeshifting, but somewhat gullible and absentminded. It is also a common theme in Japanese art, especially statuary.

15 Ivory dragon netsuke, Edo period

16 Wooden netsuke depicting a house with a bridge and tree with large cones, figures on the bridge and in a room. Netsuke has a movable part as a frog/snake pops out at the bottom of the house. Two cord- holes, one underneath leading through to back. Marked underneath Netsuke depicting a house

17 Red coral netsuke with applique figure of a warrior with bow on horseback. Metal hook at back. Netsuke with applique figure of a warrior

18 Takebayash i: one of 47 Ronin (Chushingu ra, Noh play); ivory; Yasuaki ארבעים ושבעה הרונין סיפורם של 47 הרונין, מוכר גם בשמות 47 הסמוראים, נקמת הדם באקו, הסמוראים הנודדים מאקו ותקרית גנרוקו אקו הינו אב טיפוס לסיפור יפני. הסיפור תואר על ידי מלומד יפני כ"אגדה לאומית" המתארת את המקרה המפורסם ביותר הכרוך בקוד הכבוד של הסמוראי, הבושידו.בושידו

19 me (-kozo)- sent by Emma-O to kill Minamoto no Yorimitsu, three eyes, riding a winged mokugyo (Masamitsu ) שבט מינאמוטו היה שבט הקרוב למשפחת הקיסר ביפן של תקופת הייאן. מינאמוטו היה שם משפחה אשר הוענק כתואר כבוד מהקיסר לבניו ונכדיו אשר לא עמדו בתור לרשת את תוארו.

20 Oni- 3-fingered, 3-toed smallish demons, hiding under hat to avoid beans, Ivory, Meigyokusa i Oni ( ) are creatures from Japanese folklore, variously translated as demons, devils, ogres or trolls. They are popular characters in Japanese art, literature and theatre.

21 See-hear-s peak no evil monkeys (ojime and netsuke), ivory, Kaigyokusa i

22 Rats and Daikoku's hammer: wood, Masakazu

23 Rat gnawing on a root vegetable. Ivory with eyes inlaid in dark buffalo horn. Signed 'Ko'. Kyoto, c Piebald rat gnawing on its tail. Ivory, eyes originally inlaid in dark buffalo horn. c Height 2.8cm. שכבה שלמה של אמנים מוכשרים להפליא, שבדרך כלל כל אחד מהם התמחה ביצור סוג ספציפי של נטסקה, ובכך אנו שומעים על אמן שהמשפחה שלו מפסלת חולדות ביפן זה שלושה דורות. אך ורק חולדות.

24 Sneezer- wood, Gyokkei "יום אחד ניגש מר פיליפ סישל אל יפני אחד שישב על סף ביתו וחרט חריצים בנצקה. מר סישל שאל אותו אם יסכים למכור את הפסלון... כאשר יהיה מוכן. היפני החל לצחוק, ולבסוף אמר לו שהעבודה תימשך עוד כשמונה-עשר חודשים; אז הוא הראה לו נצקה אחר, שהיה מחובר לחגורתו, והצהיר שהכנתו נמשכה כמה שנים. בהמשך השיחה בין שני הגברים, התוודה האמן החובב בפני מר סישל והוא אמר שהוא "אינו עובד כך באופן רציף... שעליו להיות שרוי בתהליך... שהדברים קורים רק בימים מסויימים... כשהוא מרגיש עליז ורענן, אחרי שהוא מעשן מקטרת או שתיים". ביסודו של דבר הוא הבהיר לו שלצורך העבודה הזאת. נחוצות לו שעות של השראה." (הארנבת עם עיני ענבר, אדמונד דה ואל) בשנות השבעים של המאה ה19, בתקופת של פריחת ה"ז'פוניסם" (הערצת התרבות והאמנות היפנית) בצרפת, על כל סוגיה, היה ברשות האחים סישל חנות למכירת דברי אמנות יפנים, ופיליפ סישל שהה זמן ממושך בטוקיו, רכש דברי אמנות, בדים, קימונו, ציורים, הדפסי עץ, נטסקות וכו', ושלחם לחנותם שבפריס, שאחיו היה מנהל.

25 Geisha- ivory, Ryushi Geisha- wood, Gyokuso

26 Ono-no-kom achi, wood, Shugetsu

27 Netsuke: Hanging scroll with image of Shôki and demons, 19th century Ivory Shôki, the demon queller, is a Chinese legendary figure who passed the imperial examinations yet was denied an official appointment. The anguished Shôki purportedly killed himself on the steps of the imperial palace. After learning of his tragic situation, the Chinese emperor ordered an official burial for this scholar. In appreciation of the emperor's acknowledgment, Shôki promised to quell evil demons from the realm. In his Japanese manifestation, Shôki appears in a Chinese scholar's cap and robe, often with demons underfoot or cavorting nearby. His image adorns banners hung in celebration of the Boys' Day festival (Tango no Sekku) in order to ward off evil spirits and protect the homes of families with male children. Here brandishing a sword over the head of a cowering demon, Shôki threateningly emerges from the hanging scroll on which he is depicted. Shôki's sword pierces through to the back of the scroll, where another demon shields himself from the tip of the blade. The carver's signature and seal appear on the back of the scroll.

28 Snake on skull- wood, Sukenao

29 Nue ivory A nue ( ) is a legendary creature found in Japanese folklore. It is described as having the head of a monkey, the body of a raccoon dog, the legs of a tiger, and a snake as a tail. According to the legend, a nue can metamorphose into a black cloud and fly. Due to its appearance, it is sometimes referred to as a Japanese chimera. Nue are supposed to be bringers of misfortune and illness.Japanese folklore

30 Scribe, ivory, carved by Yasuaki

31 This shishi broke the world record for a netsuke in November The new £265,250 world record was set for an 18th century ivory specimen known as a "shishi" or lion-dog. It sold alongside a world record-setting inro (nested boxes), which achieved £265,250. "There has always been an attraction with netsuke in the West," the head of Bonhams' Japanese department, Suzannah Yip, told the Japan Times. "This is because they are always small, well-carved, portable and very tactile." Netsuke expert Edmund de Waal agrees..

32 Chrysanthe mum: ivory, Hideyuki

33 Chrysanthe mum: wood, Sosui

34 Netsuke: Ox with boy playing flute, 19th century Wood, ivory, metal Carvers often select rare and expensive woods for their creations or juxtapose various materials in novel compositions. Embedding one material into another requires the utmost precision, particularly when joining materials of differing physical properties, such as wood and ivory. In this example, a young boy playing a flute, carved of ivory, serenades a recumbent ox, made of wood. Fine lines incised on the surface of the ox delineate individual hairs on its hide. The red seal on the ox's underside reads "Tokoku."

35 Dragonboat with Shichifukujin

36 Gama sennin: with frog; ivory, Masatomo.

37 Crow/raven on skull: ebony and ivory, Meigyokusa i

38 Zodiac Ivory Netsuke Moon Rabbit With Mortar Netsuke Signature: Eiichi, circa: Late 19th Century h. (4.5cm.). (3cm.), d..(2.5cm.) This charming netsuke depicts the Lunar Rabbit standing on the cloud bank, mixing the elixir of life with pestle and mortar. A story of Chinese origin in which the Lunar Rabbit is a pet of the moon goddess Shang-or. She was the Queen of a tyrant king. For fear that his tyranny would impose endless suffering to the people, Shang-or consumed all his elixir and immediately became an immortal. She then raised up to the moon with her rabbit in arms. The superb artistry of this netsuke lies in its restraint. By avoiding redundant details, the carver has succeeded in creating a compact and bold composition, which conveys sophistication in its design as a netsuke. The netsuke has a rich honey colored patina with an even shine. and is in mint condition.

39 Beetles: wood and tortoise shell, Akihide

40 Fox dancer: ivory, Meizan

41 Mandarin duck: ivory, Sosui

42 Frog on old well-bucke t: wood, Masanao; "what does the well-toad know of the great ocean?"

43 Sanbaso dancer: ivory and ebony, Rantei

44 Shôki et oni

45 IVORY NETSUKE Depicting a man seated in a large straw hat

46 Man filing toe nails, netsuke 18-19th century. György Ráth Museum,Budapest

47 A visit to the Eye Doctor th century. György Ráth Museum,Budapest

48 Wrestling with a Pig Netsuke Carved of Tagua Nut.

49 Netsuke: Figure of Baku 18th century Lacquered wood Baku are Japanese supernatural beings that devour dreams and nightmares. They have a long history in Japanese folklore and art, and more recently have appeared in Japanese anime and manga The Japanese term baku has two current meanings, referring to both the traditional dream-devouring creature and to the zoological tapir (e.g., the Malayan tapir)

50 Antique Carved Ivory Netsuke: Rabbits Unusual antique carved marine ivory netsuke; of an openwork basket/cage with two rabbits on the interior, 19th Century

51 Ivory netsuke of a pair of woodcutters with a dog at the feet. Superb detailed carving with the himotoshi under the gourd on the back. Signed on the bottom O-No-Ryomin. 39mm High.

52 Ivory netsuke of a seated man carving a mask of okame signed Tomomitsu 19C Size 37mm High.

53 Netsuke of Three Monkeys on the Back of a Fish (Sanbiki Saru) 19th century Wood 3.4 x 4.1 cm

54 Tobacco Box and Netsuke 19th century Brass (7.6 cm)

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57 Museums and Galleries Bolton Museum and Archive ServiceBolton Museum and Archive Service, Bolton, Lancashire, UK Los Angeles County Museum of Art Robyn Buntin of Honolulu Rutherston and BandiniRutherston and Bandini, London Tikotin Museum of Japanese ArtTikotin Museum of Japanese Art, Haifa, Israel Victoria and Albert MuseumVictoria and Albert Museum, London קלריטה ואפרים הנכם מוזמנים להיכנס לאתר שלנו: נשמח לתגובות

58 מקורות: netsuke-figures 791;type=


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