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How to do a Science Fair Project By Virginia Vilardi.

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Presentation on theme: "How to do a Science Fair Project By Virginia Vilardi."— Presentation transcript:

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2 How to do a Science Fair Project By Virginia Vilardi

3 Start with a fresh idea Are there things you are curious about? Are there things you are curious about? Make a list of those topics. Make a list of those topics.topics Do background research on each topic to narrow down the list. Do background research on each topic to narrow down the list.research Further research on the most appealing topics to see what studies have been done and how they were tested. Further research on the most appealing topics to see what studies have been done and how they were tested. Develop research plan with possible testing methods. Develop research plan with possible testing methods.research planresearch plan Make final topic selection. Make final topic selection. Review research plan with instructor. Review research plan with instructor.

4 Now its time to develop the project Start with your fresh idea stated as a purpose or problem statement Start with your fresh idea stated as a purpose or problem statement Develop a Hypothesis Develop a Hypothesis Design the Experiment Design the Experiment Test and Collect data Test and Collect data Analyze the results Analyze the results Make conclusions Make conclusions Prepare a report, abstract, project display board and oral presentation Prepare a report, abstract, project display board and oral presentation

5 Lets use a Project Display Board to show each of the major parts… Push the arrow To reveal What is in Each section Project Display Board Oral Presentation

6 Project Display Size: no more than: Size: no more than: 108 inches or 274 centimeters high 108 inches or 274 centimeters high 30 inches or 76 centimeters deep 30 inches or 76 centimeters deep 48 inches or 274 centimeters wide 48 inches or 274 centimeters wide Good Title: Your title is an extremely important attention grabber. Good Title: Your title is an extremely important attention grabber. Take Photographs: Many projects involve elements that may not be safely exhibited at the Fair, but are an important part of the project. You might want to take photographs of important parts/phases of your experiment to use in your display. Take Photographs: Many projects involve elements that may not be safely exhibited at the Fair, but are an important part of the project. You might want to take photographs of important parts/phases of your experiment to use in your display. Be Organized: Make sure your display follows a sequence and is logically presented and easy to read (larger font). Be Organized: Make sure your display follows a sequence and is logically presented and easy to read (larger font). Eye-Catching: Make your display stand out. Use colorful headings, charts and graphs to present your Eye-Catching: Make your display stand out. Use colorful headings, charts and graphs to present your project. Label graphs, charts, diagrams, photographs, and tables. Each should have an appropriate label describing what is being demonstrated. project. Label graphs, charts, diagrams, photographs, and tables. Each should have an appropriate label describing what is being demonstrated.

7 Sample Project Display Board

8 Research Use a variety of resources to study the problem. Library, internet, field experts, government officials. Use a variety of resources to study the problem. Library, internet, field experts, government officials. Research will develop into foundation for report. Research will develop into foundation for report.

9 Purpose/Problem Once topic is chosen what do you want to know about it? Once topic is chosen what do you want to know about it? What are you trying to figure out? What are you trying to figure out? Make this into a statement. Make this into a statement.

10 Sample Purpose The purpose of this project was to prove that the meteorite that hit the Wetumpka, Alabama area changed the course of the Coosa River and the topography of central Alabama. The purpose of this project was to prove that the meteorite that hit the Wetumpka, Alabama area changed the course of the Coosa River and the topography of central Alabama.

11 Hypothesis Hypothesis is an educated guess on how to solve the problem. Hypothesis is an educated guess on how to solve the problem. Should be stated as an if/then statement. Should be stated as an if/then statement.

12 Sample Hypothesis If we use our experiment as a guide, then we will be able to determine the effect the meteorite had on the Coosa River flow and direction as well as the topography of central Alabama. We believe the meteorite changed the course of the river and the land structure of central Alabama.

13 Experiment Design an experiment to test hypothesis. Design an experiment to test hypothesis. Make a list of needed materials. Make a list of needed materials. Verify that experiment is step by step. Verify that experiment is step by step. Design experiment to test for only one variable at a time. Design experiment to test for only one variable at a time. Gather needed materials. Gather needed materials. Perform experiment. Perform experiment. Repeat experiment to verify results. Repeat experiment to verify results.

14 Sample Experimental Procedure Sample Experimental Procedure Stream Table Construction- standard plywood was used to construct the stream table. The table is cm long and cm wide. On one end, there is a 2.54 cm diameter drainage hole for the water to drain. Metal net was placed over the hole to keep the dirt inside the stream table. Stream Table Construction- standard plywood was used to construct the stream table. The table is cm long and cm wide. On one end, there is a 2.54 cm diameter drainage hole for the water to drain. Metal net was placed over the hole to keep the dirt inside the stream table. Soil was added to form a the land and a river was etched in similar to how the Coosa River might have looked before the meteorite hit. Soil was added to form a the land and a river was etched in similar to how the Coosa River might have looked before the meteorite hit. Next, we added the water and created a shallow sea on one end of the stream table. Next, we added the water and created a shallow sea on one end of the stream table. We launched the rock representing the meteorite at a low angle trajectory to create the impact crater zone. Test was repeated until correct angle trajectory was achieved. We launched the rock representing the meteorite at a low angle trajectory to create the impact crater zone. Test was repeated until correct angle trajectory was achieved. Results were recorded and pictures were taken to document experiment. Results were recorded and pictures were taken to document experiment.

15 Results Use all senses to collect and record data from experiment. Use all senses to collect and record data from experiment. Results should be quantitative and qualitative. Results should be quantitative and qualitative. Organize data into charts and graphs. Organize data into charts and graphs. Only present facts not opinions. Only present facts not opinions.

16 Sample Results In every test, the meteorite changed or moved the river. We threw the rock in at several angles but always with a low trajectory because the actual meteorite came in at a low angle. Every time it formed a crater and moved the river several centimeters. In every test, the meteorite changed or moved the river. We threw the rock in at several angles but always with a low trajectory because the actual meteorite came in at a low angle. Every time it formed a crater and moved the river several centimeters.

17 Sample Results Table Difference Measured Test 15.8 cm Test cm Test cm Test cm Test cm

18 Sample Results Graph River Flow Change

19 Conclusion Based on the results what did the experiment prove or disprove? Based on the results what did the experiment prove or disprove? Was the hypothesis correct or incorrect? Was the hypothesis correct or incorrect? What was learned? What was learned?

20 Sample Conclusion All of our tests proved that the actual meteorite would have moved the Coosa River changing its flow and direction. It also would have changed the topography of central Alabama. Our hypothesis was correct. All of our tests proved that the actual meteorite would have moved the Coosa River changing its flow and direction. It also would have changed the topography of central Alabama. Our hypothesis was correct.

21 Sample Topics People: Does color affect learning? People: Does color affect learning? Animals: Do dogs respond to smell or sound? Animals: Do dogs respond to smell or sound? Plants: Are plants affected more by light or touch? Plants: Are plants affected more by light or touch? Motion: Can motion be perpetual? Motion: Can motion be perpetual? Energy: Can new energy resources be created from waste material? Energy: Can new energy resources be created from waste material? Pollution: What can clean up an oil spill? Pollution: What can clean up an oil spill?

22 Abstract 250 word summary of project 250 word summary of project Should include purpose, hypothesis, brief experimental procedure, results and conclusion Should include purpose, hypothesis, brief experimental procedure, results and conclusion

23 Sample Abstract The purpose of this project was to prove that the meteorite that hit the Wetumpka, Alabama area changed the course of the Coosa River and the topography of central Alabama. The purpose of this project was to prove that the meteorite that hit the Wetumpka, Alabama area changed the course of the Coosa River and the topography of central Alabama. If we use our experiment as a guide, then we will be able to determine the effect the meteorite had on the Coosa River flow and direction as well as the topography of central Alabama. We believe the meteorite changed the course of the river and the land structure of central Alabama. If we use our experiment as a guide, then we will be able to determine the effect the meteorite had on the Coosa River flow and direction as well as the topography of central Alabama. We believe the meteorite changed the course of the river and the land structure of central Alabama. Procedure: construct stream table. Soil was added to form a the land and a river was etched in similar to how the Coosa River might have looked before the meteorite hit. Add water created a shallow sea on one end of the stream table. Launched the rock representing the meteorite at a low angle trajectory to create the impact crater zone. Test was repeated until correct angle trajectory was achieved. Results were recorded. Procedure: construct stream table. Soil was added to form a the land and a river was etched in similar to how the Coosa River might have looked before the meteorite hit. Add water created a shallow sea on one end of the stream table. Launched the rock representing the meteorite at a low angle trajectory to create the impact crater zone. Test was repeated until correct angle trajectory was achieved. Results were recorded. In every test, the meteorite changed or moved the river. We threw the rock in at several angles but always with a low trajectory because the actual meteorite came in at a low angle. Every time it formed a crater and moved the river several centimeters. In every test, the meteorite changed or moved the river. We threw the rock in at several angles but always with a low trajectory because the actual meteorite came in at a low angle. Every time it formed a crater and moved the river several centimeters. All of our tests proved that the actual meteorite would have moved the Coosa River changing its flow and direction. It also would have changed the topography of central Alabama. Our hypothesis was correct. All of our tests proved that the actual meteorite would have moved the Coosa River changing its flow and direction. It also would have changed the topography of central Alabama. Our hypothesis was correct.

24 Model Model or visual display items add interest and can be used with discussion with judges. Model or visual display items add interest and can be used with discussion with judges.

25 Report A good research paper should include: a) Title Page and Table of Contents b) Introduction: The introduction includes purpose or problem, hypothesis, what prompted your research, and what you hoped to achieve with your project. c) Materials and Methods: Describe in detail the methodology you used. It should be detailed enough so that someone would be able to repeat the experiment from your information. d) Results: The results include data and analysis. This should include statistics, graphs, raw data, etc.

26 Report Continued e) Discussion: This is the meat of your paper. Compare your results with theoretical values, published data, commonly held beliefs, and/or expected results. Include possible errors. Did the data vary? What would you do differently if you repeated this project? What would you do next? f) Conclusions: Summarize your results. State your findings in relationships of one variable with the other. Support the statements with data. Be specific. State whether hypothesis was proven or disproved. Also mention practical applications. g) Acknowledgments: Credit those who have assisted you. h) References/Bibliography: Document anything that is not your own

27 Oral Presentation Introduce yourself. Speak confidently about your work. Simply talk about your research. Appearance, good manners, appropriate attire, and enthusiasm for what you are doing will impress. Remember the key for the oral presentation is to see if you understand the basic principles of science behind your project. It is to determine if you have correctly measured and analyzed the data. If you can determine possible sources of error in your project and how you might apply your findings. Introduce yourself. Speak confidently about your work. Simply talk about your research. Appearance, good manners, appropriate attire, and enthusiasm for what you are doing will impress. Remember the key for the oral presentation is to see if you understand the basic principles of science behind your project. It is to determine if you have correctly measured and analyzed the data. If you can determine possible sources of error in your project and how you might apply your findings.

28 How far can your fresh idea take you?

29 For more assistance pdf pdf pdf pdf

30 The End Thank you! References: Alabama Power, Your Guide to Science Fair Projects, Baugh,Erin and Price, Elizabeth. The Stars Fell On Alabama, Driver, James and Holman, Jordan. Extreme Pyramid Engineering,

31 Research Plan The research plan for all projects is to include the following: A. Question being addressed B. Hypothesis/Problem/Engineering Goals C. Description: Detail all procedures and experimental design to be used for data collection. Describe the procedures you will use to analyze the data that answer research question or hypothesis D. Bibliography: List at least five (5) major references (e.g. science journal articles, books, internet sites) from your library research.


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