Presentation on theme: "Wind Power From Kites Professor David J. Olinger"— Presentation transcript:
1Wind Power From Kites Professor David J. Olinger Mechanical Engineering Dept.WPIWPI's Fifth US-Africa Business Conference
2WPI KITE POWER TEAM Professor David J. Olinger Dr. Jitendra Goela, Rohm and Haas Company, Woburn MAGabe Baldwin, Mike Blouin, Peter Bertoli, Ryan Buckley, Chris Colschen, Mike DeCuir, Max Hurgin, Ben Isabella, Taylor LaLonde, Erik Lovejoy, Josh Rodden, Mike Sangermano, Nick Simone, Nick Urko
3Motivation & GoalsIncreased access to electricity, water, power in developing nations must be provided in a sustainable way using renewable energy sources, such as wind powerDevelop a new renewable energy technology: Wind Power from KitesBuild prototype capable of generating ~1KWSlide Notes:1 KW enough to power most modern appliances (average US home uses 1.5 KW)Cost: 1 KW wind turbine generator costs about $10,000 to build. Also very complex as opposed to relatively simple design of kite power conversion mechanismEfficiency: Wind turbines only useful in Class 3 wind zones (avg. wind speed > 14mph), only ~10% of developing world. Kites can be efficient in Class 2 wind zones since they can go higher than turbines where wind speeds are greater. This allows much more of the world to benefit.Environmental Issues: Visual – turbines are big and dumb looking, kites are small and unnoticeable. Sound – turbines are loud (~ dB for small turbines), kites are quiet and mechanism is close to ground so sound doesn’t travel as far. Birds – 33,000 birds killed by turbines every year in US, kites haven’t killed any birds that we know of.
4Wind Power from Kites Prototype Converts up-and-down motion of kiteinto electricity that is stored in batteries
5Animation - System Operation Wind is fromLeft to RightOlinger, D.J. & Goela, J.S. , “Performance Characteristics of a one-kilowatt scale kite power system, ASME Paper ES , Energy Sustainability 2008, Jacksonville, FL August 2008.
6Advantages of Kite Power for Developing Nations Potentially cheaper than a wind turbineMore economical in low wind speed regionsHigher wind speeds at higher altitudesKites can fly “faster than the wind” – apparent velocity effectMore aesthetically pleasing &environmentally friendly than wind turbines
7Advantages for Developing Nations Wind TurbinesKites$ 12,000Est. $6,000Visual PollutionNoise PollutionCan Kill BirdsPractically InvisibleEffectively SilentLess Likely to Kill BirdsLimited to heights of ~100 feetCan fly at ~ 500 feetGreater height = Higher Wind Speeds = More Available Power500 feet vs. 100 feet = 2X POWER!Wind TurbinesKites$ 12,000Est. $6,000Visual PollutionNoise PollutionCan Kill BirdsPractically InvisibleEffectively SilentLess Likely to Kill BirdsLimited to heights of ~100 feetCan fly at ~ 500 feetGreater height = Higher Wind Speeds = More Available Power500 feet vs. 100 feet = 2X POWER!
8Field Testing WPI KITE POWER TEAM STUDENTS Heifer International’s Overlook Farm – Rutland, MASeabrook, NH beaches
9Wiki – WPI Kite Power Team Link in agenda on conference websiteOther kite power researchers:WindLift, LLCMakani Power, Inc Jet stream winds
10ConclusionsWind Power from Kites is a potential renewable energy technologyWPI Kite Power Team has constructed a working kite power prototypeMany successes! Still work to do!Feedback :Potential use in AfricaEducational/business linkages