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Significance: The beginning of a new month Observances: Torah readings, The holiday is publically announced on the Shabbat before it occurs.

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Presentation on theme: "Significance: The beginning of a new month Observances: Torah readings, The holiday is publically announced on the Shabbat before it occurs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Significance: The beginning of a new month Observances: Torah readings, The holiday is publically announced on the Shabbat before it occurs

2 Exo 12:1 Adonai spoke to Moshe and Aharon in the land of Egypt; he said, Exo 12:2 "You are to begin your calendar with this month; it will be the first month of the year for you. Exo 12:3 Speak to all the assembly of Isra'el and say, 'On the tenth day of this month, each man is to take a lamb or kid for his family, one per household

3 Question: So how do we tell the new month? What are we to look for? Does Israel follow what the Egyptians were doing or does Adonai tell us in HIS TORAH?

4 Answer: (Num 10:10) "Also on your days of rejoicing, at your designated times and on Rosh-Hodesh, you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; these will be your reminder before your God. I am Adonai your God."

5 Question: So what is Rosh-Chodesh? H7218 ראשׁ rô'sh BDB Definition: 1) head, top, summit, upper part, chief, total, sum, height, front, beginning 1a) head (of man, animals), 1b) top, tip (of mountain), 1c) height (of stars), 1d) chief, head (of man, city, nation, place, family, priest), 1e) head, front, beginning, 1f) chief, choicest, best, 1g) head, division, company, band 1h) sum Part of Speech: noun masculine

6 Question: So what is Rosh-Chodesh? H2320 חדשׁ chôdesh BDB Definition: 1) the new moon, month, monthly 1a) the first day of the month 1b) the lunar month Part of Speech: noun masculine

7 Question: So what is the spiritual importance of Rosh-Chodesh? The emergence of the moon - from darkness to light - is a picture of Adonai's salvation for all people Jew & Gentile and our personal deliverance from darkness to light. Note that the word for month is chodesh, etymologically related to chadash, meaning new.

8 Question: Many people say there is an Old Testament & New Testament. Is there a old and new?

9 Ecc 1:9 What has been is what will be, what has been done is what will be done, and there is nothing new under the sun. Ecc 1:9 That which 4100, 7945 has been 1961 is that which 7945 will be, And that which 4100, 7945 has been done 6213a is that which 7945 will be done 6213a. So there 369 is nothing 369, 3605 new 2319 under 8478 the sun 8121.

10 Before we the Hebrew word was H2320 H2319 חדשׁ châdâsh BDB Definition: 1) new, new thing, fresh

11 Question: So what is Rosh-Chodesh? What does a new moon look like?

12 In Hebrew, Rosh Chodesh means, literally, "head of the month" or "first of the month." Rosh Chodesh is the first day of any new month. If a month is 30 days long, then the 30th day is treated as part of the Rosh Chodesh for the next month, and the Rosh Chodesh for next month extends for two days (the 30th of the earlier month and the 1st of the later month).

13 In ancient times, Rosh Chodesh was a significant festival day. At that time, the new months were determined by observation. Each month began when the first sliver of moon became visible after the dark of the moon. Observers would watch the sky at night for any sign of the moon. If they saw the moon, they would report their sightings to the Sanhedrin, which would interrogate them to make sure that they were not mistaken. Where in the sky did the moon appear? Which direction was it pointing? If two independent, reliable eyewitnesses confirmed that the new moon had appeared and described it consistently, the Sanhedrin would declare the new month and send out messengers to tell people when the month began.

14 After the moon appeared was a festival, announced with the sounding of the shofar, (Bmidbar 10:10) commemorated with solemn convocations, family festivities and special sacrifices. The importance of this holiday in ancient times should not be underestimated. The entire calendar was dependent upon these declarations; without the declarations, there would be no way of knowing when holidays were supposed to occur.

15 Knowing precisely when Rosh Chodesh began was critical to the order of the mo'edim, or appointed times commanded by the LORD. In fact, the entire Jewish calendar was dependent upon knowing when Rosh Chodesh began, and without this information the set times for the festivals and holidays would be lost.

16 Questions: So what are the phases of the moon. What are Adonais months?

17 Questions: So what are the phases of the moon.

18 It takes about 29.5 days for the Moon to orbit the Earth. During each lunar orbit, the Moon's appearance changes from not visibly illuminated (a new moon) through partially illuminated (a waxing crescent) to fully illuminated (a full moon), then back through partially illuminated (a waning crescent) to not illuminated again (a new moon). This cycle of moon phases is called a lunation:

19 The first time that the waxing crescent of the Moon is visible marks the beginning of a Jewish month, called Rosh Chodesh ("head of the month"). Twelve chodashim make a shanah or year (however, since 12 x 29.5 equals 354 days, but a solar year is 365 days, an extra month (called Adar Sheni) is added to the Hebrew calendar every two or three years in order to keep the solar seasons aligned with the lunar calendar).

20 Astronomy note: The Earth's moon is about 400 times smaller than the Sun but it is also about 400 times closer, so that they both appear to be about the same size in the sky. This accords with the Scripture that says, Gen 1:16 God made the two great lights the larger light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night and the stars.

21 The Jewish calendar, unlike the secular calendar, is arranged according to the phases of the moon. Many Jewish festivals fall on the full moon. Rosh Chodesh (literally, "head of the month" or "head of the moon"), the first of every Hebrew month, always falls on the new moon. In biblical times, Rosh Chodesh was a festival marked by celebratory sacrifice and feasting, in rabbinic times, bonfires were lit on the mountains to announce the arrival of the new moon, and today Rosh Chodesh remains a minor holiday for all traditional Jews. The renewal of the moon, when the moon begins to show its light after a dark period, is a day for Jews to celebrate their own renewal.

22 Questions: What are Adonais months?

23 Twelve chodashim make a shanah or year (however, since 12 x 29.5 equals 354 days, but a solar year is 365

24 Mat 25:13 So stay alert, because you know neither the day nor the hour.

25 Biblical/Hebrew NameEnglish NameTime of Observance PesachPassoverNisan/Aviv 14 March-April Hag HaMatzahFeast of Unleavened BreadNisan/Aviv BikkurimFirst Fruits of Barley Harvest The morrow after the Sabbath during Hag HaMatzah ShavuotFeast of Weeks/First Fruits/Pentecost Fifty days from the Feast of First Fruits Yom TeruahFeast of TrumpetsTishrei 1 September- October Yom KippurDay of AtonementTishrei 10 SukkotFeast of Tabernacles/Booths Tishrei ChanukkahFeast of DedicationChislev 25 –Tivet 3 November-December

26 HISTORICAL APPLICATION OF THE FEASTS FeastHistorical Aspect Nissan 10 Bring lamb to your fathers houseYeshua comes into Yerushalayim His Fathers House Pesach (Passover)s deliverance out of Egyptian bondage. Yeshua sits to eat His final meal. Hag HaMatzah (Unleavened Bread)The going out of Bikkurim (First Fruits)Crossing the. Yeshua rises from the grave. Shavuot (Pentecost)Giving the Torah at. Ruach HaKodesh come in Acts 2. Yom Teruah (Feast of Trumpets)Blowing the Shofar/Beginning 10 days of Awe Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)Cohen (Priest) entered the Holy of Holies. Cleansing of the peoples sins Sukkot (Tabernacles)Entering the Promised Land/Great Rejoicing

27 HebrewEnglishNumberLength Gregorian Equivalent Nissan130 daysMarch-April Iyar229 daysApril-May Sivan330 daysMay-June Tammuz429 daysJune-July Av530 daysJuly-August Elul629 daysAugust-September Tishri730 days September- October Cheshvan829 or 30 days October- November Kislev930 or 29 days November- December Tevet1029 days December- January Shevat1130 daysJanuary-February Adar I (leap years only) 1230 daysFebruary-March

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